author = "Diaz, Henry F.",
          affiliation = "{NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory}",
                title = "CONCORD and CIRMOUNT: Anticipating the Effects of Global Climate 
            booktitle = "Proceedings...",
                 year = "2006",
               editor = "Vera, Carolina and Nobre, Carlos",
                pages = "245--247",
         organization = "International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and 
                         Oceanography, 8. (ICSHMO).",
            publisher = "American Meteorological Society (AMS)",
              address = "45 Beacon Hill Road, Boston, MA, USA",
             keywords = "Climate change in the American Cordillera.",
             abstract = "Two conceptual programs, CONCORD1 (Climate ChangeOrganizing the 
                         Science for the American Cordillera) and CIRMOUNT2 (Consortium for 
                         Integrated Climate Research in Western Mountains) are being 
                         developed to help focus climate and global change issues on the 
                         regions of the American Cordillera. The projects are collaborative 
                         and interdisciplinary in nature and share the common goals to 
                         improve knowledge of high-elevation climate systems and to 
                         integrate knowledge of the possible impacts of climate variability 
                         and change on water, land, and ecosystem resources into 
                         natural-resource management and policy, as well as into social 
                         planning activities. Mountain environments may be particularly 
                         sensitive to changes in climate because of its sharp vertical 
                         gradients. The stacking of natural ecotones with elevation in 
                         mountainous regions may lead to rapid and irreversible changes in 
                         a number of areas, ranging from major changes in the seasonal 
                         hydrographs of meltwater-driven streams affecting communities that 
                         depend on the melting of frozen precipitation for their water 
                         supplies, to major changes in growing seasons and species 
                         extinction. I will review some of the key scientific findings from 
                         these programs that support these conclusions and provide a basic 
                         rationale for establishing a focused program of climate research 
                         in our mountains, taking as a point of departure the analyses of 
                         different types of climate observations and environmental 
                         responses documented in the past several years. Results from 
                         relevant climate model simulations will be also be examined to 
                         provide additional context and impetus to the goals of the two 
                         initiatives. 1 http://www.ires.ubc.ca/projects/concord/ 2 
  conference-location = "Foz do Igua{\c{c}}u",
      conference-year = "24-28 Apr. 2006",
             language = "en",
         organisation = "American Meteorological Society (AMS)",
                  ibi = "cptec.inpe.br/adm_conf/2005/",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/cptec.inpe.br/adm_conf/2005/",
           targetfile = "245-248.pdf",
                 type = "Climate change in the SH",
        urlaccessdate = "23 jan. 2021"