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@InProceedings{FranšaSilvMans:2006:ReLMAt,
               author = "Fran{\c{c}}a, Jos{\'e} Ricardo de Almeida and Silva, Felipe das 
                         Neves Roque da and Manso, Paula Maria de Jesus",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro-UFRJ} and {Instituto de 
                         Geoci{\^e}ncias ? Departamento de Meteorologia} and {Av. 
                         Brigadeiro Trompowsky S/N} and {21949-900 Rio de Janeiro ?RJ ? 
                         Brazil (Fran{\c{c}}a} and Silva and Manso) and {Centro Federal de 
                         Educa{\c{c}}{\~a}o Tecnol{\'o}gica ?RJ} and Av Maracan{\~a}, 
                         229 and {20271-110 ? Rio de Janeiro ? RJ ? Brazil (Silva)}",
                title = "Response of the LMD atmospheric general circulation model to solar 
                         irradiance variations",
            booktitle = "Proceedings...",
                 year = "2006",
               editor = "Vera, Carolina and Nobre, Carlos",
                pages = "255--258",
         organization = "International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and 
                         Oceanography, 8. (ICSHMO).",
            publisher = "American Meteorological Society (AMS)",
              address = "45 Beacon Hill Road, Boston, MA, USA",
             keywords = "Climate modelling, Total solar irradiance, South America Climate 
                         Impact.",
             abstract = "Among the various uncertainties in climate modeling that 
                         scientific community faces today, total solar irradiance 
                         variability must be also considered. Natural processes involving 
                         changes in the Sun could have a powerful effect on global 
                         temperature warming, similar to the increase of carbon dioxide 
                         (CO2) concentration in the atmosphere. Direct measurements of 
                         total solar irradiance have been made with reasonable accuracy 
                         since 1978, because this could be made outside the Earth┤s 
                         atmosphere. In order to understand the possible impact of solar 
                         irradiance variation on the South America climate, we have studied 
                         the response of the LMD AGCM (Atmospheric General Circulation 
                         Model) to solar irradiance variation measured by different sources 
                         (maximum and minimum values observed) on some atmospheric variable 
                         as surface temperature, precipitation, wind,. The results of these 
                         simulations have shown an increase on surface temperature over the 
                         continent and the ocean in some parts of South America with 
                         impacts over precipitation distribution when the model was 
                         simulated with the maximum value following a sazonal variation. In 
                         the opposite case, with minimum solar irradiance value, the model 
                         showed a decrease in surface temperature as expected by some past 
                         works, and a decrease of precipitation rates. When compared with 
                         other world regions, South America climate is less affected by the 
                         changes in solar irradiance.",
  conference-location = "Foz do Igua{\c{c}}u",
      conference-year = "24-28 Apr. 2006",
             language = "en",
         organisation = "American Meteorological Society (AMS)",
                  ibi = "cptec.inpe.br/adm_conf/2005/10.25.20.43",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/cptec.inpe.br/adm_conf/2005/10.25.20.43",
           targetfile = "255-258.pdf",
                 type = "Climate change in the SH",
        urlaccessdate = "15 jan. 2021"
}


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