author = "Longo, Karla and Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro de and Silva Dias, Maria 
                         Assuncao Faus da and Chatfield, Robert and Silva Dias, Pedro Leite 
                         and Artaxo, Paulo",
          affiliation = "CPTEC-INPE-CachoeiraPaulista-12630-000-SP-Brasil",
                title = "Numerical modelling of the biomass-burning aerosol direct 
                         radiative effects on the thermodynamic structure of the atmosphere 
                         and convective precipitation",
            booktitle = "Anais...",
                 year = "2004",
         organization = "Conferencia Cientifica do LBA, 3.",
             abstract = "The atmospheric transport of biomass burning emissions in South 
                         America and the direct radiative effects of the aerosol particles 
                         of the regional haze are addressed in this work. This study is 
                         carried out through a numerical simulation of the atmospheric 
                         motions using the Coupled Aerosol Tracer Transport to the 
                         Brazilian Regional Atmospheric Modeling System CATT-BRAMS. A 
                         radiative code that includes the aerosol particle absorption and 
                         scattering is fully coupled to the CATT-BRAMS allowing atmospheric 
                         model feedback studies. The atmospheric model responds to the 
                         presence in the atmosphere of this highly absorber aerosol 
                         particles, from the direct radiative point of view, cooling the 
                         atmosphere in the lower levels and heating it in the upper levels 
                         of the boundary layer. Temperature gradients associated with the 
                         presence of the biomass-burning aerosol can reach 2 Celcius 
                         degrees over very polluted areas. Consequently, the atmospheric 
                         model responds with a reduction of the kinetic turbulent energy, 
                         stabilizing the atmosphere and suppressing the convective 
  conference-location = "Brasilia",
      conference-year = "27-29 jul.",
             language = "en",
         organisation = "LBA",
           targetfile = "Longo_Numerical_LBA.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 jan. 2021"