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@Article{VianaAquiMuño:2009:EvHaRi,
               author = "Viana, Denilson Ribeiro and Aquino, Francisco Eliseu and Muñoz, 
                         Viviana Aguilar",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul} and {Assistente de 
                         pesquisa da Corpora{\c{c}}{\~a}o Observat{\'o}rio 
                         Sismol{\'o}gico do Sul Ocidental}",
                title = "Avalia{\c{c}}{\~a}o de desastres no Rio Grande do Sul associados 
                         a complexos convectivos de mesoescala. / Evaluation of hazards in 
                         Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, associated with mesoscale convective 
                         complexes",
              journal = "Sociedade \& Natureza",
                 year = "2009",
               volume = "21",
               number = "2",
                pages = "91--105",
                month = "Ago.",
             keywords = "Complexos Convectivos de Mesoescala, Rio Grande do Sul, desastres 
                         naturais, Mesoscale Convective Complexes, natural hazards.",
             abstract = "Os Complexos Convectivos de Mesoescala (CCM) s{\~a}o aglomerados 
                         organizados de nuvens convectivas, que atingem com 
                         freq{\"u}{\^e}ncia a Regi{\~a}o Sul do Brasil e produzem uma 
                         grande variedade de desastres. Este trabalho identificou os CCMs 
                         ocorridos entre outubro e dezembro de 2003 no Rio Grande do Sul 
                         (RS) e avaliou os desastres associados aos eventos. A 
                         identifica{\c{c}}{\~a}o dos CCMs foi feita atrav{\'e}s do 
                         aplicativo ForTraCC DSA/INPE. O levantamento das ocorr{\^e}ncias 
                         de desastres foi realizado a partir do cruzamento dos dias de 
                         eventos de CCM com as informa{\c{c}}{\~o}es da Defesa Civil do 
                         RS (DCRS) e do Jornal Correio do Povo. Foram identificados 22 
                         eventos de CCM no per{\'{\i}}odo, respons{\'a}veis por 42 
                         epis{\'o}dios de vendaval, 21 de enxurrada, 14 de enchente, cinco 
                         de granizo associado {\`a} vendaval, tr{\^e}s de granizo, dois 
                         de alagamento, dois de inunda{\c{c}}{\~a}o e um deslizamento, 
                         totalizando 90 ocorr{\^e}ncias. Houve registro de seis mortes no 
                         RS e cinco em Santo Tom{\'e} na Argentina, fronteira com o 
                         Estado. Mais de 16.500 pessoas foram atingidas e cerca de 60% dos 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios que comunicaram desastres {\`a} DCRS 
                         decretaram situa{\c{c}}{\~a}o de emerg{\^e}ncia. Em m{\'e}dia, 
                         a cada quatro eventos de CCM, tr{\^e}s produziram algum tipo de 
                         desastre no RS. ABSTRACT: Mesoscale Convective Complexes (CCM) are 
                         organized clusters of convective clouds, which often arrive at 
                         Southern Region of Brazil and produce a variety of hazards. This 
                         study evaluated hazards associated with CCM events in the Rio 
                         Grande do Sul (RS) State, the southernmost of Brazil, between 
                         October and December of 2003. The detection of CCM was done using 
                         ForTraCC application DSA/INPE. Data coming from Defesa Civil do RS 
                         (DCRS), the RS civil defense organization, and from the archives 
                         of Jornal Correio do Povo, a local newspaper, served as source 
                         material to evaluate the hazards on the CCM event occurring days. 
                         During the period, 22 CCM events were identified over the RS. 
                         Based on DCRS reports, 90 incidents were associated with CCM 
                         events: strong gales and storms (42), flash floods (21), stream 
                         overflows (14), hail and strong gales (5), hail storms (3), 
                         swamping (2), floods (2) and earth flows (1). These CCM events 
                         caused the death of eleven people, of which six were in RS and the 
                         five in San Tom{\'e}, on the Argentinean side of the boarder. 
                         More than 16,500 people were affected by hazards caused by CCM in 
                         the RS. Approximately 60% of the municipal districts affected 
                         requested emergency situation. On average, three to four events 
                         produce some type of hazard.",
           copyholder = "SID/SCD",
                 issn = "0103-1570",
                label = "lattes: 5578480499167490 1 VianaAquiMuño:2009:AvDeRi",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "a07v21n2.pdf",
                  url = "http://www.sociedadenatureza.ig.ufu.br/include/getdoc.php?id=1588\&article=490\&mode=pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 jan. 2021"
}


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