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@Article{FerroSabaPint:2009:CoCuMu,
               author = "Ferro, Marco Antonio da Silva and Saba, Marcelo Magalh{\~a}es 
                         Fares and Pinto J{\'u}nior, Osmar",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Continuing current in multiple channel cloud-to-ground lightning",
              journal = "Atmospheric Research",
                 year = "2009",
               volume = "91",
               number = "2/4",
                pages = "399--403",
             keywords = "New lightning channel, Multiple channel flashes, Continuing 
                         current, Lightning, High-speed video.",
             abstract = "In this study we analyze the effects of continuing current 
                         initiated by strokes following a new channel to ground in multiple 
                         stroke flashes using high-speed video records, electric field 
                         measurements from a fast antenna and lightning detection network 
                         data. We observed that the long continuing current initiated by a 
                         stroke that follows a new channel also obeys the pattern in the 
                         initiation of long continuing current suggested by Rakov and Uman 
                         [Rakov, V.A., Uman, M.A., 2003. Lightning: Physics and Effects, 
                         687pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.]. We also verify that the 
                         statement of Rakov and Uman [Rakov, V.A. and Uman, M.A., 1990. 
                         Some properties of negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes 
                         versus stroke order, Journal of Geophysical Research. 95, 
                         54475453.] reporting that: ...strokes initiating long continuing 
                         currents tend to have lower initial electric field peak than 
                         regular strokes is valid for strokes that create a new channel to 
                         ground and are followed by long continuing current (CC). 
                         Apparently the reduction of peak current value (Ip) when the 
                         stroke is followed by a long CC is stronger than the Ip increase 
                         that is commonly observed when strokes follow a new channel. We 
                         also find that the exclusion zone proposed by Saba et al. [Saba, 
                         M.M.F., Pinto, O. Jr., Ballarotti, M.G., 2006a. Relation between 
                         lightning return stroke peak current and following continuing 
                         current, Geophysical Research Letters 33, L23807, 
                         doi:10.1029/2006GL027455.] is valid for new channels initiating 
                         CC, and finally we verify that a number of strokes in the same 
                         channel larger than four or the existence of a long CC current do 
                         not always consolidate the channel in a multiple stroke flash.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.04.011",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.04.011",
                 issn = "0169-8095",
                label = "self-archiving-INPE-MCTIC-GOV-BR",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "continuing current.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 jan. 2021"
}


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