author = "Nobre, Paulo and Siqueira, Leo S. P. and Almeida, Roberto A. F. de 
                         and Malagutti, Marta and Giarolla, Emanuel and Castel{\~a}o, 
                         Guilherme P. and Bottino, Marcus J. and Kubota, Paulo and 
                         Figueroa, Silvio N. and Costa, Mabel C. and Baptista Jr., Manoel 
                         and Irber Jr., Luiz and Marcondes, Gabriel G.",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {} and {} 
                         and {} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Climate simulation and change in the Brazilian Climate Model",
              journal = "Journal of Climate",
                 year = "2013",
               volume = "26",
               number = "17",
                pages = "6716--6732",
                month = "Sep.",
             keywords = "climate model, Brazil, atmospheric CO2.",
             abstract = "The response of the global climate system to atmospheric CO2 
                         concentration increase in time is scrutinized employing the 
                         Brazilian Climate Model (BESM-OA2.3). Through the achievement of 
                         over two thousand years of coupled model integrations in ensemble 
                         mode, it is shown that the model simulates the signal of recent 
                         changes of global climate trends, depicting a steady atmospheric 
                         and oceanic temperature increase and corresponding marine ice 
                         retreat. The model simulations encompass the time period from 1960 
                         to 2105, following the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 
                         (CMIP5) protocol. Notwithstanding the accurate reproduction of 
                         large scale ocean-atmosphere coupled phenomena, like the ENSO 
                         phenomena over the Equatorial Pacific and the interhemispheric 
                         gradient mode over the Tropical Atlantic, the BESM-OA2.3 coupled 
                         model shows systematic errors on sea surface temperature and 
                         precipitation which resemble those of other global coupled climate 
                         models. Yet, the simulations demonstrate the models potential to 
                         contribute to the international efforts on global climate change 
                         research, sparking interest in global climate change research 
                         within the Brazilian climate modeling community, constituting a 
                         building block of the Brazilian Framework for Global Climate 
                         Change Research.",
                  doi = "10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00580.1",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00580.1",
                 issn = "0894-8755",
                label = "self-archiving-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "jcli.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 jan. 2021"