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@PhDThesis{Silva:2010:DeDiSo,
               author = "Silva, Marlos Rockenbach da",
                title = "Detec{\c{c}}{\~a}o de dist{\'u}rbios 
                         solar-interplanet{\'a}rios combinando observa{\c{c}}{\~o}es de 
                         sat{\'e}lite e de raios c{\'o}smicos de superf{\'{\i}}cie para 
                         aplica{\c{c}}{\~a}o em clima espacial",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2010",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2009-12-18",
             keywords = "tempestades geomagn{\'e}ticas, raios c{\'o}smicos, estruturas 
                         solares, previs{\~a}o de tempestades geomagn{\'e}ticas, clima 
                         espacial, cosmic rays, geomagnetic storms, solar structures, 
                         geomagnetic storms prediction, space weather.",
             abstract = "Nesta tese {\'e} mostrada que a nova metodologia proposta para a 
                         an{\'a}lise dos dados da Rede de Muons, em opera{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         desde 2001, passando a chamar-se Rede Global de Detectores de 
                         Muons (Global Muon Detector Network) - GMDN ap{\'o}s 2006, pode 
                         ser uma importante ferramenta para a previs{\~a}o de estruturas 
                         solares que causam tempestades geomagn{\'e}ticas. Para isto foram 
                         utilizados dados registrados pelos instrumentos a bordo do 
                         sat{\'e}lite Advanced Composition Explorer - ACE, e dados de 
                         raios c{\'o}smicos de superf{\'{\i}}cie dos telesc{\'o}pios 
                         que formam a GMDN no per{\'{\i}}odo de 2001 a 2007. Os 
                         telesc{\'o}pios cintiladores de muons encontram-se instalados no 
                         Observat{\'o}rio Espacial do Sul - OES/CRS/CIE/INPE-MCT em 
                         S{\~a}o Martinho da Serra, Brasil, Nagoya University em Nagoya, 
                         Jap{\~a}o, Australian Antartic Division - University of Tansmania 
                         em Hobart, Australia e Kuwait University no Kuwait. Os eventos 
                         foram classificados de acordo com a intensidade das tempestades 
                         medida pelo {\'{\i}}ndice Dst, da seguinte forma: Tempestades 
                         Moderadas - MS (- 50 > Dst > -100), Tempestades Intensas - IS 
                         (-100 > Dst > -250) e Tempestades Superintensas - SS (Dst < -250). 
                         A nova metodologia foi comparada a metodologia de Munakata et al. 
                         (2000), sendo observado o dobro de precursores para os tr{\^e}s 
                         tipos de tempestades com a metodologia proposta nesta tese. As 
                         tempestades superintensas s{\~a}o as de maior 
                         {"}previsibilidade{"}, seguidas pelas tempestades intensas e a de 
                         menor observa{\c{c}}{\~a}o de precursores s{\~a}o as 
                         tempestades moderadas. Tamb{\'e}m foi comprovada a melhoria da 
                         metodologia proposta nesta tese, tanto no n{\'u}mero de 
                         precursores observados, quanto na qualidade de 
                         observa{\c{c}}{\~a}o dos efeitos, em rela{\c{c}}{\~a}o {\`a} 
                         metodologia de Munakata et al, (2000), e pela primeira vez, 
                         h{\'a} ind{\'{\i}}cios de precursores de tempestades causadas 
                         por regi{\~o}es de intera{\c{c}}{\~a}o corotantes (Corotating 
                         Interaction Region - CIR). ABSTRACT: In this thesis we show that 
                         the new methodology to analize data from the Muon Network in 
                         operation since 2001, being called Global Muon Detector Network - 
                         GMDN after 2006, can be considered an important tool for the 
                         forecasting of solar structures causing geomagnetic storms. 
                         Interplanetary and cosmic ray ground based data registered by the 
                         instruments onboard the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) 
                         satellite, and ground based cosmic rays detectors that compose the 
                         Muon Network were analyzed from 2001 to 2007. Four different muon 
                         cintillator telescopes were used for this study: one installed in 
                         the Southern Space Observatory - SSO/CRS/CIE/INPE-MCT, in S{\~a}o 
                         Martinho da Serra, Brazil; the other one in Nagoya University, in 
                         Nagoya, Japan; another one in the Australian Antartic Division - 
                         University of Tansmania in Hobart, Australia; and the last one in 
                         the Kuwait University in Kuwait City, Kuwait. The events analyzed 
                         were classified into three cathegories according to the storm 
                         intensity measured by the Dst index: Moderate Storms (MS) (-50 > 
                         Dst > -100 nT), Intense Storms (IS) (-100 > Dst > -250 nT), and 
                         Superstorms (SS) (Dst < -250 nT). The new methodology were 
                         compared with Munakata et al. (2000) methodology, where were 
                         observed that two times of precursors for that three kinds of 
                         storms were observed by the methodology proposed in this thesis. 
                         Super storms are the ones with the largest {"}previsibility{"}, 
                         followed by the intense storms, and the smaller precursors 
                         observation are moderate storms. We could verify that the Proposed 
                         Methodology improved, as much in the number of observed 
                         precursors, as in the quality of the effects observed, compared to 
                         the Munakata et al, (2000)'s methodology, and for the first time, 
                         there is indication of precursors of geomagnetic storms caused by 
                         Corotating Interaction Region - CIR.",
            committee = "Muralikrisna, Polinaya (presidente) and Dal Lago, Alisson 
                         (orientador) and Echer, Ezequiel and Alves, Maria 
                         Virg{\'{\i}}nia and Schuch, Nelson Jorge and Raulin, Jean-Pierre 
                         and Serbeto, Antonio de Padua Brito",
           copyholder = "SID/SCD",
         englishtitle = "Solar-interplanetary disturbances detection combining satellite 
                         and ground cosmic rays observations for space weather aplication",
             language = "pt",
                pages = "140",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP7W/36G6PES",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP7W/36G6PES",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "21 jan. 2021"
}


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