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@Article{SpogliACCFMRKC:2013:GPScTo,
               author = "Spogli, L. and Alfonsi, L. and Cilliers, P. J. and Correia, Emilia 
                         and De Franceschi, G. and Mitchell, C. N. and Romano, V. and 
                         Kinrade, J. and Cabrera, M. A.",
          affiliation = "Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma 2, 
                         Rome, Italy and Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, 
                         Sezione Roma 2, Rome, Italy and South African National Space 
                         Agency (SANSA), Space Science Directorate, Western Cape, South 
                         Africa and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma 2, 
                         Rome, Italy and University of Bath, Electronic and Electrical 
                         Engineering, Bath, United Kingdom and Istituto Nazionale di 
                         Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma 2, Rome, Italy and 
                         University of Bath, Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Bath, 
                         United Kingdom and Laboratorio de Telecomunicaciones, Universidad 
                         Nacional de Tucum{\'a}n (UNT), Departamento de Electricidad, 
                         Electr{\'o}nica y Computaci{\'o}n, Tucum{\'a}n, Argentina",
                title = "GPS scintillations and total electron content climatology in the 
                         southern low, middle and high latitude regions",
              journal = "Annals of Geophysics",
                 year = "2013",
               volume = "56",
               number = "2",
                pages = "R0220",
             keywords = "climatology, GPS, ionosphere, midlatitude environment, plasma, 
                         sampling, seasonal variation, spatiotemporal analysis, weather 
                         forecasting, Antarctica, Latin America.",
             abstract = "In recent years, several groups have installed high-frequency 
                         sampling receivers in the southern middle and high latitude 
                         regions, to monitor ionospheric scintillations and the total 
                         electron content (TEC) changes. Taking advantage of the archive of 
                         continuous and systematic observations of the ionosphere on L-band 
                         by means of signals from the Global Positioning System (GPS), we 
                         present the first attempt at ionospheric scintillation and TEC 
                         mapping from Latin America to Antarctica. The climatology of the 
                         area considered is derived through Ground-Based Scintillation 
                         Climatology, a method that can identify ionospheric sectors in 
                         which scintillations are more likely to occur. This study also 
                         introduces the novel ionospheric scintillation 'hot-spot' 
                         analysis. This analysis first identifies the crucial areas of the 
                         ionosphere in terms of enhanced probability of scintillation 
                         occurrence, and then it studies the seasonal variation of the main 
                         scintillation and TEC-related parameters. The results produced by 
                         this sophisticated analysis give significant indications of the 
                         spatial/ temporal recurrences of plasma irregularities, which 
                         contributes to the extending of current knowledge of the 
                         mechanisms that cause scintillations, and consequently to the 
                         development of efficient tools to forecast space-weather-related 
                         ionospheric events.  2013 by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica 
                         e Vulcanologia. All rights reserved.",
                  doi = "10.4401/ag-6240",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.4401/ag-6240",
                 issn = "1593-5213",
                label = "scopus 2013-11",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "28 jan. 2021"
}


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