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@Article{SoffittaBBBCFGHMPPRSSTWAAAABBBBBBBBBCCCCCCDDRCPSDEEFFFGGGGIJKKKLRLLLMMMMMMMMOPPPPPPRRRRRRRRSSSSSSSSTTTDAWZ:2013:XrImPo,
               author = "Soffitta, P. and Barcons, X. and Bellazzini, R. and Braga, 
                         Jo{\~a}o and Costa, E. and Fraser, G. W. and Gburek, S. and 
                         Huovelin, J. and Matt, G. and Pearce, M. and Poutanen, J. and 
                         Reglero, V. and Santangelo, A. and Sunyaev, R. A. and Tagliaferri, 
                         G. and Weisskopf, M. and Aloisio, R. and Amato, E. and 
                         Attin{\'a}, P. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Basso, S. and 
                         Bianchi, S. and Blasi, P. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and 
                         Bucciantini, N. and Burderi, L. and Burwitz, V. and Casella, P. 
                         and Churazov, E. and Civitani, M. and Covino, S. and Curado da 
                         Silva, R. M. and Cusumano, G. and Dadina, M. and D'Amico, 
                         Fl{\'a}vio and Rosa, A. D. and Cosimo, S. D. and Persio, G. D. 
                         and Salvo, T. D. and Dovciak, M. and Elsner, R. and Eyles, C. J. 
                         and Fabian, A. C. and Fabiani, S. and Feng, H. and Giarrusso, S. 
                         and Goosmann, R. W. and Grandi, P. and Grosso, N. and Israel, G. 
                         and Jackson, M. and Kaaret, P. and Karas, V. and Kuss, M. and Lai, 
                         D. and Rosa, G. L. and Larsson, J. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, 
                         L. and Maggio, A. and Maia, J. and Marin, F. and Massai, M. M. and 
                         Mineo, T. and Minuti, M. and Moretti, E. and Muleri, F. and 
                         O'Dell, S. L. and Pareschi, G. and Peres, G. and Pesce, M. and 
                         Petrucci, P. -O. and Pinchera, M. and Porquet, D. and Ramsey, B. 
                         and Rea, N. and Reale, F. and Rodrigo, J. M. and R{\'o}zaDska, A. 
                         and Rubini, A. and Rudawy, P. and Ryde, F. and Salvati, M. and 
                         Santiago Junior, Valdivino Alexandre de and Sazonov, S. and 
                         Sgr{\'o}, C. and Silver, E. and Spandre, G. and Spiga, D. and 
                         Stella, L. and Tamagawa, T. and Tamborra, F. and Tavecchio, F. and 
                         Dias, T. T. and Adelsberg, M. v. and Wu, K. and Zane, S.",
          affiliation = "IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Rome, 00133, Italy and 
                         Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, 
                         85741, Germany and Panter X-ray test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, 
                         Neuried, 82061, Germany and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 
                         Rome, 00133, Italy and Departimento de F{\'{\i}}sica, Coimbra 
                         Universidad Portugal, Coimbra, 3004-516, Portugal and 
                         INAF/IASF-Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, Palermo, 90146, Italy and 
                         INAF/IASF-Bologna, via Gobetti 101, Bologna, 40129, Italy and 
                         DiFC, Universita degli Studi di Palermo, via Archirafi 36, 
                         Palermo, 90123, Italy and Astronomical Institute, Academy of 
                         Sciences of the Czech Republic, Bocni II 1401, Prague, 14131, 
                         Czech Republic; School of Physics and Astronomy, University of 
                         Birmingham, Birmingham, B152TT, United Kingdom and Department of 
                         Engineering Physics and Center for Astrophysics, Tsinghua 
                         University, Beijing, 100084, China and Institute of Astronomy, 
                         University of Cambridge, Madingley Rd, Cambridge, CB3 0HA, United 
                         Kingdom and Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, 11 rue de 
                         l'universit{\'e}, Strasbourg, 67000, France and Department of 
                         Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, 
                         United States and Cornell University, Space Sciences Bldg., 
                         Ithaca, 14853, United States and INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di 
                         Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, Palermo, 90134, Italy and 
                         Facultat de Ciencies, Barcelona, 08193, Spain and Facultat de 
                         Ciencies, Barcelona, 08193, Spain and Institut de Planetologie et 
                         d'Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), UJF-Grenoble 1 /CNRS-INSU UMR 
                         5274, Grenoble, 38041, France and Astronomical Institute, Academy 
                         of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Bocni II 1401, Prague, 14131, 
                         Czech Republic; School of Physics and Astronomy, University of 
                         Birmingham, Birmingham, B152TT, United Kingdom and Institute of 
                         Space Sciences, CSIC-IEEC and Cornell University, Space Sciences 
                         Bldg., Ithaca, 14853, United States and DiFC, Universita degli 
                         Studi di Palermo, via Archirafi 36, Palermo, 90123, Italy and 
                         Facultat de Ciencies, Barcelona, 08193, Spain and Panter X-ray 
                         test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and 
                         Panter X-ray test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, 
                         Germany and Facultat de Ciencies, Barcelona, 08193, Spain and 
                         Polish Academy of Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical 
                         Centre, Bartycka 18, Warsaw, 00-716, Poland and Astronomical 
                         Institute, Wroclaw University, Kopernika 11, Wroclaw, 51-622, 
                         Poland; Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 
                         Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation and Moscow 
                         Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutsky per. 9, 
                         Dolgoprudny, 141700, Russian Federation and Department of Physics 
                         and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, United States 
                         and Cornell University, Space Sciences Bldg., Ithaca, 14853, 
                         United States and Cornell University, Space Sciences Bldg., 
                         Ithaca, 14853, United States and Harvard-Smithsonian Center For 
                         Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, 02138, United States 
                         and RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, 351-0198, Japan and Centre for 
                         Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of Technology, 837 
                         State Street, Atlanta, 30332, United States and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso 
                         del Cavaliere 100, Rome, 00133, Italy and IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso del 
                         Cavaliere 100, Rome, 00133, Italy and IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso del 
                         Cavaliere 100, Rome, 00133, Italy and Instituto de F{\'{\i}}sica 
                         de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Avenida de los Castros, s/n, Santander 
                         Cantabria, 39005, Spain and INFN-Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 
                         Pisa, 56127, Italy and INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, 
                         Piazza del Parlamento 1, Palermo, 90134, Italy and {} and Solar 
                         Physics Division, Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of 
                         Sciences, ul. Kopernika, Wroclaw, 51-622, Poland and IAPS/INAF, 
                         Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Rome, 00133, Italy and Department of 
                         Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Space Research 
                         Centre, Leicester, LE1 7RH, United Kingdom and RIKEN, 2-1 
                         Hirosawa, Wako, 351-0198, Japan and Department of Physics, 
                         University of Helsinki, Erik Palmenin aukio 1, 00014, Finland and 
                         Centre for Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of 
                         Technology, 837 State Street, Atlanta, 30332, United States and 
                         Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Erik Palmenin aukio 
                         1, 00014, Finland and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, 
                         Institutsky per. 9, Dolgoprudny, 141700, Russian Federation and 
                         Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 
                         Bocni II 1401, Prague, 14131, Czech Republic; School of Physics 
                         and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B152TT, 
                         United Kingdom and Dipartimento di F{\'{\i}}sica E. Amaldi, 
                         Universita' degli Studi Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, Rome, 
                         00146, Italy and INFN-Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, Pisa, 56127, 
                         Italy and Panter X-ray test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 
                         82061, Germany and Department of Physics, KTH, Royal Institute of 
                         Technology, Stockholm, Sweden and RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, 
                         351-0198, Japan and Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of 
                         the Czech Republic, Bocni II 1401, Prague, 14131, Czech Republic; 
                         School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, 
                         Birmingham, B152TT, United Kingdom and Astronomical Institute, 
                         Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Bocni II 1401, Prague, 
                         14131, Czech Republic; School of Physics and Astronomy, University 
                         of Birmingham, Birmingham, B152TT, United Kingdom and Panter X-ray 
                         test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and The 
                         Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics AlbaNova University 
                         Centre, Stockholm, Sweden and Harvard-Smithsonian Center For 
                         Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, 02138, United States 
                         and Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Erik Palmenin 
                         aukio 1, 00014, Finland and Institute of Space Sciences, CSIC-IEEC 
                         and RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, 351-0198, Japan and Panter X-ray 
                         test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and 
                         Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 
                         Bocni II 1401, Prague, 14131, Czech Republic; School of Physics 
                         and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B152TT, 
                         United Kingdom and IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Rome, 
                         00133, Italy and INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza 
                         del Parlamento 1, Palermo, 90134, Italy and Cornell University, 
                         Space Sciences Bldg., Ithaca, 14853, United States and Instituto 
                         de F{\'{\i}}sica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Avenida de los Castros, 
                         s/n, Santander Cantabria, 39005, Spain and Panter X-ray test 
                         facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and 
                         Department of Physics, Astronomy Division, University of Oulu, PO 
                         Box 3000, Oulu, 90014, Finland and Panter X-ray test facility, 
                         Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and Department of 
                         Physics, University of Helsinki, Erik Palmenin aukio 1, 00014, 
                         Finland and INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del 
                         Parlamento 1, Palermo, 90134, Italy and Instituto de Ciencias de 
                         los Materiales, Universidad de Valencia, Astronomia i 
                         Astrof{\'{\i}}sica, Dr Moliner 50, Burjassot, 46100, Spain and 
                         Instituto de F{\'{\i}}sica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Avenida de 
                         los Castros, s/n, Santander Cantabria, 39005, Spain and Institute 
                         of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Rd, Cambridge, 
                         CB3 0HA, United Kingdom and Iniversit{\"a}t T{\"u}bingen, 
                         Institut f{\"u}r Astronomie und Astrophysik, Sand 1, 
                         T{\"u}bingen, 72076, Germany and IAPS/INAF, Via Fosso del 
                         Cavaliere 100, Rome, 00133, Italy and Max-Planck-Institut f{\"u}r 
                         Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, Garching, 85748, Germany 
                         and Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech 
                         Republic, Bocni II 1401, Prague, 14131, Czech Republic; School of 
                         Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, 
                         B152TT, United Kingdom and Facultat de Ciencies, Barcelona, 08193, 
                         Spain and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, Merate, 
                         Lc, 23807, Italy; NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, 320 Sparkman 
                         Drive NW, Huntsville, 35805-1912, United States and Panter X-ray 
                         test facility, Gautinger Str. 45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and 
                         Thales Alenia Space-Italia s.p.a., Strada Antica di Collegno 253, 
                         Turin, 10146, Italy and Panter X-ray test facility, Gautinger Str. 
                         45, Neuried, 82061, Germany and Cornell University, Space Sciences 
                         Bldg., Ithaca, 14853, United States and Moscow Institute of 
                         Physics and Technology, Institutsky per. 9, Dolgoprudny, 141700, 
                         Russian Federation and Dipartimento di F{\'{\i}}sica, 
                         Universita' di Pisa and INFN-Pisa, Largo Pontecorvo, Pisa, 3 
                         56127, Italy and DiFC, Universita degli Studi di Palermo, via 
                         Archirafi 36, Palermo, 90123, Italy and Cornell University, Space 
                         Sciences Bldg., Ithaca, 14853, United States and 
                         Harvard-Smithsonian Center For Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, 
                         Cambridge, 02138, United States and INAF/Osservatorio Astrofisico 
                         di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi, Florence, 50125, Italy and 
                         Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit{\`a} di Cagliari, SP 
                         Monserrato-Sestu km 0.7, Cagliari, 09042, Italy and Dipartimento 
                         di Fisica, Universit{\`a} di Cagliari, SP Monserrato-Sestu km 
                         0.7, Cagliari, 09042, Italy",
                title = "XIPE: the X-ray imaging polarimetry explorer",
              journal = "Experimental Astronomy",
                 year = "2013",
               volume = "x",
                pages = "1--45",
                month = "August",
             keywords = "astronomy, X-ray, polarimetry, astrophysics.",
             abstract = "X-ray polarimetry, sometimes alone, and sometimes coupled to 
                         spectral and temporal variability measurements and to imaging, 
                         allows a wealth of physical phenomena in astrophysics to be 
                         studied. X-ray polarimetry investigates the acceleration process, 
                         for example, including those typical of magnetic reconnection in 
                         solar flares, but also emission in the strong magnetic fields of 
                         neutron stars and white dwarfs. It detects scattering in 
                         asymmetric structures such as accretion disks and columns, and in 
                         the so-called molecular torus and ionization cones. In addition, 
                         it allows fundamental physics in regimes of gravity and of 
                         magnetic field intensity not accessible to experiments on the 
                         Earth to be probed. Finally, models that describe fundamental 
                         interactions (e.g. quantum gravity and the extension of the 
                         Standard Model) can be tested. We describe in this paper the X-ray 
                         Imaging Polarimetry Explorer (XIPE), proposed in June 2012 to the 
                         first ESA call for a small mission with a launch in 2017. The 
                         proposal was, unfortunately, not selected. To be compliant with 
                         this schedule, we designed the payload mostly with existing items. 
                         The XIPE proposal takes advantage of the completed phase A of 
                         POLARIX for an ASI small mission program that was cancelled, but 
                         is different in many aspects: the detectors, the presence of a 
                         solar flare polarimeter and photometer and the use of a light 
                         platform derived by a mass production for a cluster of satellites. 
                         XIPE is composed of two out of the three existing JET-X telescopes 
                         with two Gas Pixel Detectors (GPD) filled with a He-DME mixture at 
                         their focus. Two additional GPDs filled with a 3-bar Ar-DME 
                         mixture always face the Sun to detect polarization from solar 
                         flares. The Minimum Detectable Polarization of a 1 mCrab source 
                         reaches 14 % in the 2-10 keV band in 105 s for pointed 
                         observations, and 0.6 % for an X10 class solar flare in the 15-35 
                         keV energy band. The imaging capability is 24 arcsec Half Energy 
                         Width (HEW) in a Field of View of 14.7 arcmin  14.7 arcmin. The 
                         spectral resolution is 20 % at 6 keV and the time resolution is 8 
                         s. The imaging capabilities of the JET-X optics and of the GPD 
                         have been demonstrated by a recent calibration campaign at PANTER 
                         X-ray test facility of the Max-Planck-Institut f{\"u}r 
                         extraterrestrische Physik (MPE, Germany). XIPE takes advantage of 
                         a low-earth equatorial orbit with Malindi as down-link station and 
                         of a Mission Operation Center (MOC) at INPE (Brazil). The data 
                         policy is organized with a Core Program that comprises three 
                         months of Science Verification Phase and 25 % of net observing 
                         time in the following 2 years. A competitive Guest Observer 
                         program covers the remaining 75 % of the net observing time.  
                         2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.",
                  doi = "10.1007/s10686-013-9344-3",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10686-013-9344-3",
                 issn = "0922-6435",
                label = "scopus 2013-11",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "art%3A10.1007%2Fs10686-013-9344-3.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 jan. 2021"
}


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