author = "Oliveras, Immaculada and Anderson, Liana Oighenstein and Malhi, 
          affiliation = "Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the 
                         Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Nature 
                         Conservation and Plant Ecology Group, Wageningen University, 
                         Wageningen, Netherlands and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and Environmental Change Institute, School of 
                         Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, 
                         United Kingdom",
                title = "Application of remote sensing to understanding fire regimes and 
                         biomass burning emissions of the tropical Andes",
              journal = "Global Biogeochemical Cycles",
                 year = "2014",
               volume = "28",
               number = "4",
                pages = "480--496",
                month = "Apr.",
             keywords = "remote sensing, tree line, tropical montane cloud forests, fire 
                         return interval.",
             abstract = "In the tropical Andes, there have been very few systematic studies 
                         aimed at understanding the biomass burning dynamics in the area. 
                         This paper seeks to advance on our understanding of burning 
                         regimes in this region, with the first detailed and comprehensive 
                         assessment of fire occurrence and the derived gross biomass 
                         burning emissions of an area of the Peruvian tropical Andes. We 
                         selected an area of 2.8 million hectares at altitudes over 2000 m. 
                         We analyzed fire occurrence over a 12 year period with three types 
                         of satellite data. Fire dynamics showed a large intra-annual and 
                         interannual variability, with most fires occurring May-October 
                         (the period coinciding with the dry season). Total area burned 
                         decreased with increasing rainfall until a given rainfall 
                         threshold beyond which no relationship was found. The estimated 
                         fire return interval (FRI) for the area is 37 years for 
                         grasslands, which is within the range reported for grasslands, and 
                         65 years for forests, which is remarkably shorter than other 
                         reported FRI in tropical moist forests. The greatest contribution 
                         (60-70%, depending on the data source) to biomass burning 
                         emissions came from burned montane cloud forests (4.5 million Mg 
                         CO2 over the study period), despite accounting for only 7.4-10% of 
                         the total burned area. Gross aboveground biomass emissions (7.55  
                         2.14 Tg CO2; 0.43  0.04 Tg CO; 24,012  2685 Mg CH4 for the study 
                         area) were larger than previously reported for the tropical Andes. 
                         Key Points Fire regimes show high intra-annual and interannual 
                         variability MODIS fire products underestimate fire dynamics in the 
                         study area Estimated biomass burning emissions are 5.4-9.7 Tg CO2 
                         for the period 2000-2011 2014. American Geophysical Union. All 
                         Rights Reserved.",
                  doi = "10.1002/2013GB004664",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013GB004664",
                 issn = "0886-6236",
                label = "scopus 2014-05 OliverasAndeMalh:2014:ApReSe",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "24 jan. 2021"