author = "Pillaca, Elver Juan de Dios Mitma and Ueda, M{\'a}rio and 
                         Reuther, H. and Lepienski, C. M.",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and Institute of Ion Beam 
                         Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510109.01314, Dresden, 
                         Germany and Departamento de F{\'{\i}}sica, UFPR, CP 19044, 
                         81531-990 Curitiba, PR, Brazil",
                title = "Study of the effects of plasma immersion ion implantation on 
                         austenitic stainless steel using EB fields",
              journal = "Surface and Coatings Technology",
                 year = "2014",
               volume = "246",
                pages = "1--5",
                month = "May",
             keywords = "auger electron spectroscopy, austenitic stainless steel, hardness, 
                         magnetic fields, Nitrogen, Plasma applications, Plasma density, 
                         Stainless steel, Wear of materials, X ray diffraction, AES, Auger 
                         electron spectroscopies (AES), B-fields, Effect of magnetic field, 
                         Implanted layers, Moderate temperature, Plasma immersion ion 
                         implantation, Substantial reduction, Ion implantation.",
             abstract = "The effect of magnetic field enhanced plasma immersion ion 
                         implantation (PIII) on SS304 austenitic stainless steel samples 
                         has been investigated. Application of magnetic field in PIII 
                         process leads to the formation of the crossed EB field 
                         configuration, promoting the increase of the plasma density by 
                         electron-neutrals collision. As a result, a high nitrogen ion flux 
                         on SS304 sample was achieved. In this experiment, a moderate 
                         temperature of about 350C was measured after two hour of 
                         treatment, discarding the possibility of the formation of chromium 
                         nitride. Measurements performed by Auger electron spectroscopy 
                         (AES) showed the formation of a nitrogen implanted layer which was 
                         much greater than the one obtained by standard PIII (at the same 
                         pulsing conditions). Due to that, new peaks in the characteristic 
                         profile of X-ray diffraction were observed as consequence of the 
                         formation of a new phase (N phase). It has caused as twice as 
                         high improvement in the surface hardness compared to the 
                         conventional PIII. Consequently, a substantial reduction in the 
                         wear rate was obtained.  2014 Elsevier B.V.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.02.044",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.02.044",
                 issn = "0257-8972",
                label = "scopus 2014-05 PillacaUedaReutLepi:2014:StEfPl",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "1-s2.0-S0257897214001637-main.pdf",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.02.044",
        urlaccessdate = "29 nov. 2020"