author = "Dias, Daniela Faggiani and Pezzi, Luciano Ponzi and Gherardi, 
                         Douglas Francisco Marcolino and Camargo, Ricardo",
          affiliation = "Remote Sensing Department (DSR), National Institute for Space 
                         Research (INPE), Avenida dos Astronautas, 1758, S{\~a}o Jose dos 
                         Campos, SP 12227-010, Brazil and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)}",
                title = "Modeling the spawning strategies and larval survival of the 
                         Brazilian sardine (Sardinella brasiliensis)",
              journal = "Progress in Oceanography",
                 year = "2014",
               volume = "123",
                pages = "38--53",
                month = "Apr.",
             keywords = "Ecosystems, Experiments, Fluid dynamics, Hydrodynamic conditions, 
                         Hydrodynamic model, Individual based model, Influence of water, 
                         Interannual variability, Physical environments, Surface 
                         circulation, Thermodynamic characteristics, Temperature, 
                         Sardinella janeiro.",
             abstract = "An Individual Based Model (IBM), coupled with a hydrodynamic model 
                         (ROMS), was used to investigate the spawning strategies and larval 
                         survival of the Brazilian Sardine in the South Brazil Bight (SBB). 
                         ROMS solutions were compared with satellite and field data to 
                         assess their representation of the physical environment. Two 
                         spawning experiments were performed for the summer along six 
                         years, coincident with ichthyoplankton survey cruises. In the 
                         first one, eggs were released in spawning habitats inferred from a 
                         spatial model. The second experiment simulated a random spawning 
                         to test the null hypothesis that there are no preferred spawning 
                         sites. Releasing eggs in the predefined spawning habitats 
                         increases larval survival, suggesting that the central-southern 
                         part of the SBB is more suitable for larvae development because of 
                         its thermodynamic characteristics. The Brazilian sardine is also 
                         capable of exploring suitable areas for spawning, according to the 
                         interannual variability of the SBB. The influence of water 
                         temperature, the presence of Cape Frio upwelling, and surface 
                         circulation on the spawning process was tested. The Cape Frio 
                         upwelling plays an important role in the modulation of Brazilian 
                         sardine spawning zones over SBB because of its lower than average 
                         water temperature. This has a direct influence on larval survival 
                         and on the interannual variability of the Brazilian sardine 
                         spawning process. The hydrodynamic condition is crucial in 
                         determining the central-southern part of SBB as the most suitable 
                         place for spawning because it enhances simulated coastal retention 
                         of larvae.  2014 Elsevier Ltd.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.pocean.2014.03.009",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.03.009",
                 issn = "0079-6611",
                label = "scopus 2014-05 DiasPezzGherCama:2014:MoSpSt",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "Dias et al PiO_14.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "23 nov. 2020"