author = "Gurdak, Daniel J. and Arag{\~a}o, Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de 
                         and Rozas-D{\'a}vila, Angela and Huasco, Walter H. and Cabrera, 
                         Karina G. and Doughty, Chris E. and Farfan-Rios, William and 
                         Silva-Espejo, Javier E. and Metcalfe, Daniel B. and Silman, Miles 
                         R. and Malhi, Yadvinder",
          affiliation = "{Oxford University} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco} 
                         and {Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco} and {Wake 
                         Forest University} and {Oxford University} and {Wake Forest 
                         University} and {Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del 
                         Cusco} and {Oxford University} and {Wake Forest University} and 
                         {Oxford University}",
                title = "Assessing above-ground woody debris dynamics along a gradient of 
                         elevation in Amazonian cloud forests in Peru: balancing 
                         above-ground inputs and respiration outputs",
              journal = "Plant Ecology \& Diversity",
                 year = "2014",
               volume = "7",
               number = "1-2",
                pages = "143--160",
             keywords = "Amazon Basin, Andes, carbon balance, cloud forest, montane forest, 
                         necromass, respiration, temperature sensitivity, tropical forest, 
             abstract = "Background: Dead biomass, including woody debris (WD), is an 
                         important component of the carbon cycle in tropical forests. Aims: 
                         This study analyses WD (>2 cm) and other above-ground fluxes in 
                         mature tropical forest plots along an elevational gradient 
                         (2103025 m above sea level) in southern Peru. Methods: This work 
                         was based on inventories of fine and coarse WD (FWD and CWD, 
                         respectively), above-ground biomass, and field-based and 
                         experimental respiration measurements. Results: Total WD stocks 
                         ranged from 6.26 Mg C ha\−1 at 3025 m to 11.48 Mg C 
                         ha\−1 at 2720 m. WD respiration was significantly 
                         correlated with moisture content (P < 0.001; R 2 = 0.25), 
                         temperature (P < 0.001; R 2 = 0.12) and wood density (P < 0.001; R 
                         2 = 0.16). Controlled experiments showed that both water content 
                         and temperature increased respiration rates of individual WD 
                         samples. The full breadth of the temperature sensitivity 
                         coefficient, or Q 10, estimates, ranging from 1.142.13, was low 
                         compared to other studies. In addition, temperature sensitivity of 
                         WD respiration was greater for higher elevations. Conclusions: 
                         Carbon stocks, mortality and turnover of above-ground biomass 
                         varied widely and were not significantly related with elevation or 
                         slope. This study demonstrates that some forests may be a carbon 
                         source due to legacies of disturbance and increasing temperatures, 
                         which may cause additional, short-term carbon efflux from WD. 
                         Predictions of tropical forest carbon cycles under future climate 
                         should incorporate WD dynamics and related feedback.",
                  doi = "10.1080/17550874.2013.818073",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17550874.2013.818073",
                 issn = "1755-0874",
                label = "self-archiving-INPE-MCTI-GOV-BR",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"