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@PhDThesis{Yoshida:2015:ImAvPa,
               author = "Yoshida, Marcos Cezar",
                title = "Implementa{\c{c}}{\~a}o e avalia{\c{c}}{\~a}o da 
                         parametriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o de emiss{\~a}o e transporte de poeira 
                         de solo no CCATT/MCGA–CPTEC",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2015",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2015-02-20",
             keywords = "poeira, emiss{\~a}o, deposi{\c{c}}{\~a}o, radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o, 
                         desertifica{\c{c}}{\~a}o, dust, emission, deposition, radiation, 
                         desertification.",
             abstract = "o objetivo principal deste trabalho {\'e} analisar o impacto das 
                         intera{\c{c}}{\~o}es entre a poeira e as radia{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         solares e terrestres nos balan{\c{c}}os de radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o e 
                         energia sobre a Amaz{\^o}nia. O objetivo adicional {\'e} 
                         analisar o impacto das emiss{\~o}es da Caatinga sobre a 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia. A poeira de solo {\'e} emitida devido ao 
                         cisalhamento do vento, e transportada pelos processos turbulentos 
                         e pelas advec{\c{c}}{\~o}es dos ventos. Ao longo do transporte, 
                         a poeira retoma para a superf{\'{\i}}cie devido as 
                         sedimenta{\c{c}}{\~o}es gravitacionais e as 
                         deposi{\c{c}}{\~o}es secas e {\'u}midas. O conte{\'u}do 
                         residual da poeira transportada na atmosfera inter age com a 
                         radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o solar e terrestre, e altera os perfis de 
                         aquecimento tanto da atmosfera quanto da superf{\'{\i}}cie. 
                         Estas intera{\c{c}}{\~o}es modificam os balan{\c{c}}os de 
                         radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o e de energia, e alteram os suprimentos das 
                         convec{\c{c}}{\~o}es e precipita{\c{c}}{\~o}es. O ciclo da 
                         poeira {\'e} modelada no \emph{CCATT}, o transporte da poeira 
                         ocorre no \emph{MCGA-CPTEC}, e as intera{\c{c}}{\~o}es entre a 
                         poeira e as radia{\c{c}}{\~o}es s{\~a}o estimadas no 
                         c{\'o}digo radiativo \emph{UKMO}. O ciclo de poeira foi 
                         analisado atrav{\'e}s dos campos m{\'e}dios das emiss{\~o}es, 
                         sedimenta{\c{c}}{\~o}es gravitacionais, deposi{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         secas e {\'u}midas, e conte{\'u}dos da poeira transportada. O 
                         balan{\c{c}}o radiativo foi analisado atrav{\'e}s dos campos 
                         incidentes, absorvidos e emitidos das radia{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         solares e terrestres. O balan{\c{c}}o de energia foi analisado 
                         atrav{\'e}s dos campos de temperatura e fluxos de calor latente e 
                         sens{\'{\i}}vel. A valida{\c{c}}{\~a}o das 
                         parametriza{\c{c}}{\~o}es da poeira foi realizada atrav{\'e}s 
                         de um estudo de caso, onde os conte{\'u}dos de poeria 
                         transportados foram comparados com dados de sat{\'e}lites e de 
                         superf{\'{\i}}cie, mostrando uma boa concord{\^a}ncia. Os 
                         resultados das simula{\c{c}}{\~o}es mostraram que as 
                         varia{\c{c}}{\~o}es dos conte{\'u}dos de poeira sobre as 
                         regi{\~o}es Orientais e Ocidentais da Amaz{\^o}nia, devido as 
                         emiss{\~o}es remotas e regionais, resfriaram a Amaz{\^o}nia como 
                         um todo, mas reduziram as precipita{\c{c}}{\~o}es somente sobre 
                         a Amaz{\^o}nia Oriental. ABSTRACT: The main objective this work 
                         is to analyze the feedback in energy and radiation budget due the 
                         interactions between dust and radiation over Amazon. Additional 
                         objective is a case study of Caatinga's dust emission to Amazon. 
                         Soil dust are emitted on surface due wind shear and are 
                         transported by the turbulence and advection. During the downstream 
                         transport, dust returns to surface due gravity settling and dry 
                         and wet deposition. Dust loads on atmosphere scattering and 
                         absorbing solar and thermal radiation and modifies both atmosphere 
                         and surface temperature. These interactions changes the energy and 
                         radiation budget and the convection and precipitation supplies. 
                         Dust cycle are parametrized in CCATT model, and dust transport 
                         occurs in CPTEC\${'}\$s AGCM, and dust profiles are coupled in 
                         the UKMO radiative code. Dust cycle are analysed with the averaged 
                         fields of dust emissions, gravity settlings, dry and wet 
                         deposition, and loads. Radiation budget are analyzed with the 
                         incident, absorbed and ernitted solar and thermal fields. Energy 
                         budget are analyzed with the temperature and latent and sensible 
                         heat flux fields. Dust process parametrizations are tested with a 
                         case study where the dust loads are compared with satellite and 
                         surface data, showing good results. Simulations showing that dust 
                         loads transported from remote and regional sources to Amazon 
                         reduces the temperature overall the Amazon and reduced the 
                         precipitation on the Amazon oriental region.",
            committee = "Herdies, Dirceu Luis (presidente) and Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro 
                         (orientador) and Rivero, Silvio Nilo Figueroa and Dias, Pedro 
                         Leite da Silva and Ros{\'a}rio, Nilton Manuel {\'E}vora do",
           copyholder = "SID/SCD",
         englishtitle = "Implementation and evaluation in the parametrization of emission 
                         and transport of soil dust in CCATT/MCGA–CPTEC",
             language = "pt",
                pages = "206",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3HQKTS2",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3HQKTS2",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "30 nov. 2020"
}


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