author = "Cohen, Andrew and McGlue, Michael M. and Ellis, Geoffrey S. and 
                         Zani, Hiran and Swarzenski, Peter W. and Assine, Mario L. and 
                         Silva, Aguinaldo",
          affiliation = "{University of Arizona} and {Energy Resources Program} and {Energy 
                         Resources Program} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {U.S. Geological Survey} and {Universidade Estadual 
                         Paulista (UNESP)} and {Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul 
                title = "Lake formation, characteristics, and evolution in retroarc 
                         deposystems: A synthesis of the modern Andean orogen and its 
                         associated basins",
              journal = "Memoir of the Geological Society of America",
                 year = "2015",
               volume = "212",
                pages = "309--335",
             keywords = "Climatic conditions, Environmental signals, Forward propagation, 
                         Geochemical characteristic, Rapid sedimentation, Sediment 
                         generations, Sedimentation rates, Siliciclastic sediments.",
             abstract = "Lake deposystems are commonly associated with retroarc mountain 
                         belts in the geological record. These deposystems are poorly 
                         characterized in modern retroarcs, placing limits on our ability 
                         to interpret environmental signals from ancient deposits. To 
                         address this problem, we have synthesized our existing knowledge 
                         about the distribution, morphometrics, and sedimentary geochemical 
                         characteristics of tectonically formed lakes in the central Andean 
                         retroarc. Large, active mountain belts such as the Andes 
                         frequently create an excess of sediment, to the point that 
                         modeling and observational data both suggest their adjacent 
                         retroarc basins will be rapidly overfilled by sediments. Lake 
                         formation, requiring topographic closure, demands special 
                         conditions such as topographic isolation and arid climatic 
                         conditions to reduce sediment generation, and bedrock lithologies 
                         that yield little siliciclastic sediment. Lacustrine deposition in 
                         the modern Andean retroarc has different characteristics in the 
                         six major morphotectonic zones discussed. (1) High-elevation 
                         hinterland basins of the arid Puna-Altiplano Plateau frequently 
                         contain underfilled and balanced-filled lakes that are potentially 
                         long-lived and display relatively rapid sedimentation rates. (2) 
                         Lakes are rare in piggyback basins, although a transition zone 
                         exists where basins that originally formed as piggybacks are 
                         transferred to the hinterland through forward propagation of the 
                         thrust belt. Here, lakes are moderately abundant and long-lived 
                         and display somewhat lower sedimentation rates than in the 
                         hinterland. (3) Wedge-top and (4) foredeep deposystems of the 
                         Andean retroarc are generally overfilled, and lakes are small and 
                         ephemeral. (5) Semihumid Andean backbulge basins contain abundant 
                         small lakes, which are moderately long-lived because of 
                         underfilling by sediment and low sedimentation rates. (6) Broken 
                         foreland lakes are common, typically underfilled, large, and 
                         long-lived playa or shallow systems.",
                  doi = "10.1130/2015.1212(16)",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/2015.1212(16)",
                 issn = "0072-1069",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "03 dez. 2020"