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@Article{BeuchleGrShSeEvSaAc:2015:LaCoCh,
               author = "Beuchle, Ren{\'e} and Grecchi, Rosana Cristina and Shimabukuro, 
                         Yosio Edemir and Sellinger, Roman and Eva, Hugh Douglas and Sano, 
                         Edson and Achard, Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric",
          affiliation = "Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Institute for 
                         Environment and Sustainability, Via E. Fermi 2749, Ispra VA, Italy 
                         and Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Institute 
                         for Environment and Sustainability, Via E. Fermi 2749, Ispra VA, 
                         Italy and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         Universit{\"a}t Leipzig, Institut f{\"u}r Geographie, 
                         Johannisallee 19, Leipzig, Germany and Joint Research Centre of 
                         the European Commission, Institute for Environment and 
                         Sustainability, Via E. Fermi 2749, Ispra VA, Italy and Empresa 
                         Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria - Embrapa, Embrapa Cerrados, 
                         Brasilia, Brazil and Joint Research Centre of the European 
                         Commission, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via E. 
                         Fermi 2749, Ispra VA, Italy",
                title = "Land cover changes in the Brazilian Cerrado and Caatinga biomes 
                         from 1990 to 2010 based on a systematic remote sensing sampling 
                         approach",
              journal = "Applied Geophysics",
                 year = "2015",
               volume = "58",
                pages = "116--127",
                month = "Mar.",
             keywords = "Land cover change, Remote sensing, Sampling approach, 
                         Deforestation, Cerrado, Caatinga.",
             abstract = "The main objective of our study was to provide consistent 
                         information on land cover changes between the years 1990 and 2010 
                         for the Cerrado and Caatinga Brazilian seasonal biomes. These 
                         areas have been overlooked in terms of land cover change 
                         assessment if compared with efforts in monitoring the Amazon rain 
                         forest. For each of the target years (1990, 2000 and 2010) land 
                         cover information was obtained through an object-based 
                         classification approach for 243 sample units (10 km  10 km size), 
                         using (E)TM Landsat images systematically located at each full 
                         degree confluence of latitude and longitude. The images were 
                         automatically pre-processed, segmented and labelled according to 
                         the following legend: Tree Cover (TC), Tree Cover Mosaic (TCM), 
                         Other Wooded Land (OWL), Other Land Cover (OLC) and Water (W). Our 
                         results indicate the Cerrado and Caatinga biomes lost (gross loss) 
                         respectively 265,595 km2 and 89,656 km2 of natural vegetation (TC 
                         + OWL) between 1990 and 2010. In the same period, these areas also 
                         experienced gain of TC and OWL. By 2010, the percentage of natural 
                         vegetation cover remaining in the Cerrado was 47% and in the 
                         Caatinga 63%. The annual (net) rate of natural vegetation cover 
                         loss in the Cerrado slowed down from \−0.79% yr\−1 
                         to \−0.44% yr\−1 from the 1990s to the 2000s, while 
                         in the Caatinga for the same periods the rate increased from 
                         \−0.19% yr\−1 to \−0.44% yr\−1. In 
                         summary, these Brazilian biomes experienced both loss and gains of 
                         Tree Cover and Other Wooded Land; however a continued net loss of 
                         natural vegetation was observed for both biomes between 1990 and 
                         2010. The average annual rate of change in this period was higher 
                         in the Cerrado (\−0.6% yr\−1) than in the Caatinga 
                         (\−0.3% yr\−1).",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.01.017",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.01.017",
                 issn = "1672-7975 and 1993-0658",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "Beuchle_land.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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