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@Article{PilottoRodTomSamCha:2015:CoNoLa,
               author = "Pilotto, Isabel Lopes and Rodriguez, Daniel Andr{\'e}s and 
                         Tomasella, Javier and Sampaio, Gilvan and Chan, Chou Sin",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)}",
                title = "Comparisons of the Noah-MP land surface model simulations with 
                         measurements of forest and crop sites in Amazonia",
              journal = "Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics",
                 year = "2015",
               volume = "127",
               number = "6",
                pages = "711--723",
                month = "Dec.",
             abstract = "This study evaluates the simulations of the Noah-MP surface 
                         processes over a crop and a forest sites in Amazonia using tower 
                         observations. Soil moisture simulations agree with the 
                         observations in both land covers, mainly during the rainy season. 
                         However, simulations show cold biases in the soil temperature at 
                         both sites. The magnitude and seasonal cycle of the surface energy 
                         fluxes are better simulated at the crop site, although the model 
                         significantly underestimates the sensible heat flux at this site. 
                         The model reproduces the seasonal pattern of surface runoff at 
                         both sites. The Noah-MP model does not adequately simulate the 
                         base flow at the crop site, while the simulated total runoff at 
                         the forest site is closer to the observation than at the crop 
                         site. The results show that, in general, the Noah-MP model 
                         simulations for the two sites in Amazonia exhibit fairly realistic 
                         performance, particularly over the crop site. However, there are 
                         cold biases in soil temperature simulations, which could be 
                         related with the parameterization of the equilibrium relationship 
                         between soil moisture and soil temperature.",
                  doi = "10.1007/s00703-015-0399-8",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00703-015-0399-8",
                 issn = "0177-7971",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "2015_pilotto.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "05 dez. 2020"
}


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