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@InProceedings{TeixeiraMarPerSouLim:2015:AnPaMi,
               author = "Teixeira, Venize Assun{\c{c}}{\~a}o and Martins, Fernando R. and 
                         Pereira, Enio Bueno and Souza, Jefferson Gon{\c{c}}alves de and 
                         Lima, Francisco Jos{\'e} Lopes de",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de S{\~a}o Paulo (UNIFESP)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "An{\'a}lise da parametriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o de microf{\'{\i}}sica 
                         do modelo WRF para simula{\c{c}}{\~a}o de radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         solar no nordeste do Brasil",
            booktitle = "P{\^o}steres",
                 year = "2015",
         organization = "Simp{\'o}sio Internacional de Climatologia, 6. (SIC)",
             keywords = "Modelo Atmosf{\'e}rico, Modelo WRF, Parametriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o de 
                         Microf{\'{\i}}sica, Model Atmospheric, model WRF, Microphisic 
                         Parameterization.",
             abstract = "O estudo avaliou a sensibilidade de 10 diferentes 
                         parametriza{\c{c}}{\~o}es de microf{\'{\i}}sica (WSM3, WSM5, 
                         Ferrier, WSM6, Goddard GCE, Thompson graunpel, Morrison-2, Double 
                         Moment-5, Double Moment-6 e Thompsom) do modelo WRF para 
                         radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o solar, na resolu{\c{c}}{\~a}o horizontal de 
                         16km e 4km, em localidades com caracter{\'{\i}}sticas de 
                         altitude e clima diferentes do Cear{\'a}. Para a 
                         parametriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o de radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o utilizou-se a 
                         parametriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o RRTM (Mlawer et al.,1997) para 
                         radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o de onda longa e Dudhia (Dudhia,1989) para 
                         radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o de onda curta. As simula{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         foram realizadas com o modelo WRF para os tr{\^e}s primeiros dias 
                         do m{\^e}s de mar{\c{c}}o de 2009. Utilizou-se os dados 
                         observacionais hor{\'a}rios de radia{\c{c}}{\~a}o solar 
                         provenientes das Plataformas de Coleta de Dados (PCDs) da FUNCEME 
                         operando em Itapipoca no norte cearense; Acara{\'u} no Litoral 
                         Cearense; Acopiara e Cedro localizadas no CentroSul cearense. Os 
                         resultados mostraram que em todas as localidades ocorrem 
                         dificuldades em simular o efeito das nuvens sobre a 
                         irradia{\c{c}}{\~a}o terrestre. Os resultados mostraram que 
                         {\'e} importante avaliar a configura{\c{c}}{\~a}o ideal do 
                         modelo de mesoescala WRF antes de utiliz{\'a}-lo para simular a 
                         irradia{\c{c}}{\~a}o solar na regi{\~a}o Nordeste do Brasil, 
                         devido {\`a}s particularidades clim{\'a}ticas observadas na 
                         regi{\~a}o, relacionadas, principalmente, ao efeito das nuvens na 
                         irradia{\c{c}}{\~a}o solar. Em rela{\c{c}}{\~a}o {\`a}s 
                         parametriza{\c{c}}{\~o}es de microf{\'{\i}}sica, o esquema de 
                         Morrison, esquema de Ferrier, o esquema WSM5, esquema de Thompson 
                         Graupel e Double Moment-6 apresentaram desempenhos semelhantes. Os 
                         resultados mostraram que {\'e} importante usar um esquema com 
                         mais conte{\'u}do l{\'{\i}}quido para simular melhor a 
                         influ{\^e}ncia da nuvem no litoral, especialmente para 
                         simula{\c{c}}{\~o}es com resolu{\c{c}}{\~a}o horizontal 
                         inferior a quatro quil{\^o}metros. Na regi{\~a}o 
                         semi-{\'a}rida, onde a precipita{\c{c}}{\~a}o anual {\'e} 
                         inferior a 1000 mil{\'{\i}}metros/ano, os esquemas 
                         microf{\'{\i}}sicos apresentam maior dissimilaridade, com 
                         vi{\'e}s menor obtidos quando foi utilizado o esquema de 
                         microf{\'{\i}}sica mais simples. Este foi uma trabalho 
                         preliminar, que pretende ser ampliado e aprofundado em trabalhos 
                         futuros. ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the performance of 
                         mesoscale model WRF to forecast solar irradiation, using 10 
                         different microphysics parameterization schemes (WSM3, WSM5, 
                         Ferrier, WSM6, Goddard GCE, graunpel Thompson, Morrison-2, 
                         Double-5 Moment , DoubleMoment 6 and Thompson). Two horizontal 
                         resolutions were evaluated: 16km and 4km. The RRTM scheme was used 
                         to parameterize the radiative processes for longwave radiation and 
                         Dudhia method was used for shortwave radiation. The simulations 
                         were performed with the WRF model for the first three days of 
                         March 2009. Observational data acquired at four ground sites with 
                         typical climate characteristics of Brazilian Northeastern region 
                         were used to evaluated the model performance. The hourly solar 
                         radiation data was acquired in automatic weather stations operated 
                         by FUNCEME at the coastal area (Itapipoca and Acara{\'u}) and at 
                         the semi-arid area (Acopiara and Cedro) of Cear{\'a}. The results 
                         showed that it is quite important to evaluate the optimal 
                         configuration of the mesoscale model WRF before start using it to 
                         forecast solar irradiation in Brazilian Northeastern region due to 
                         the particular climate features observed in the region, mainly 
                         related to the effect of clouds on surface solar irradiation. 
                         Regarding the microphysical parameterizations, the Morrison 
                         scheme, Ferrier scheme, WSM 5 scheme, Thompson Graupel scheme and 
                         Double Moment -6 scheme have present similar performances. The 
                         results showed that it is important to use a scheme with more 
                         liquid content to better simulate the cloud influence at the 
                         coastal area, especially for simulations with horizontal 
                         resolution lower than 4km. In the semi-arid region, where the 
                         annual rainfall are lower than 1000mm/year, the microphysical 
                         schemes present larger dissimilarity, with smaller bias obtained 
                         when the simplest microphysical scheme was used. This was a 
                         preliminary study, which aims to be deepened in future work.",
  conference-location = "Natal, RN",
      conference-year = "13-16 out.",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "1_teixeira.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "29 nov. 2020"
}


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