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@PhDThesis{Nolasco:2016:ImSeAl,
               author = "Nolasco, Camille Lanzarotti",
                title = "Demanda e abastecimento de hortali{\c{c}}as na microrregi{\~a}o 
                         de S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos, Brasil: implica{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         para a seguran{\c{c}}a alimentar e desenvolvimento 
                         sustent{\'a}vel no contexto de mudan{\c{c}}as globais",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2016",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2016-02-23",
             keywords = "seguran{\c{c}}a alimentar e nutricional, mudan{\c{c}}as 
                         ambientais globais, produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o de hortali{\c{c}}as, 
                         olericultura, food and nutrition security, global environmental 
                         change, vegetable production, horticulture.",
             abstract = "O crescimento do consumo global, a desnutri{\c{c}}{\~a}o e 
                         inadequa{\c{c}}{\~a}o alimentar, as mudan{\c{c}}as 
                         clim{\'a}ticas que amea{\c{c}}am a produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         agr{\'{\i}}cola, e a contamina{\c{c}}{\~a}o e 
                         deple{\c{c}}{\~a}o de recursos naturais refor{\c{c}}am a 
                         necessidade de analisar se o Brasil {\'e} capaz de produzir 
                         alimentos frescos na quantidade e qualidade suficiente para 
                         promover a seguran{\c{c}}a alimentar e nutricional (SAN) 
                         atendendo {\`a}s recomenda{\c{c}}{\~o}es da 
                         Organiza{\c{c}}{\~a}o Mundial de Sa{\'u}de (OMS) para uma vida 
                         saud{\'a}vel. Realizado atrav{\'e}s de an{\'a}lise 
                         interdisciplinar e sist{\^e}mica, investigando a demanda e 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o de hortali{\c{c}}as no Brasil e na 
                         Microrregi{\~a}o de S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos (MRSJC), este 
                         trabalho concluiu que a SAN n{\~a}o pode ser alcan{\c{c}}ada com 
                         o atual sistema. A revis{\~a}o narrativa da literatura traz uma 
                         contextualiza{\c{c}}{\~a}o das rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es entre a SAN, 
                         os sistemas alimentares e as mudan{\c{c}}as ambientais globais. 
                         Atrav{\'e}s do desenvolvimento de um m{\'e}todo para 
                         cria{\c{c}}{\~a}o de mapas de demanda de alimentos, utilizando 
                         cruzamentos dos dados de aquisi{\c{c}}{\~a}o de 
                         hortali{\c{c}}as da Pesquisa de Or{\c{c}}amentos Familiares 
                         2008/2009 e dos dados do Censo Populacional (IBGE, 2010), 
                         buscou-se visualizar e analisar espacialmente a 
                         distribui{\c{c}}{\~a}o da demanda atual e projetada para 2030, 
                         possibilitando uma compara{\c{c}}{\~a}o entre a demanda e o 
                         volume de produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o de hortali{\c{c}}as atrav{\'e}s 
                         dos dados dispon{\'{\i}}veis no censo agropecu{\'a}rio (IBGE, 
                         2006) para as Grandes Regi{\~o}es e Unidades da 
                         Federa{\c{c}}{\~a}o. Em seguida, foram realizadas entrevistas 
                         com atores envolvidos no setor, visitas a campo e a 
                         constru{\c{c}}{\~a}o de um mapa de aptid{\~a}o para 
                         olericultura para os munic{\'{\i}}pios da MRSJC, buscando-se 
                         investigar o estado da arte desta produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o e a 
                         exist{\^e}ncia de potencial biof{\'{\i}}sico e humano para a 
                         continuidade, e at{\'e} mesmo incremento, da produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         regional de legumes e verduras frescos. A integra{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         de diferentes metodologias neste trabalho possibilitou uma 
                         compreens{\~a}o mais abrangente sobre o setor oler{\'{\i}}cola. 
                         A an{\'a}lise dos mapas de demanda atual e projetada dos grupos 
                         de hortali{\c{c}}as (folhosas, frutosas e tuberosas) pelos 
                         setores censit{\'a}rios do Brasil indicaram um 
                         desequil{\'{\i}}brio entre a aquisi{\c{c}}{\~a}o destes 
                         tr{\^e}s grupos nas regi{\~o}es do pa{\'{\i}}s e uma demanda 
                         ainda baixa quando comparada {\`a} recomenda{\c{c}}{\~a}o da 
                         OMS. O mapa de aptid{\~a}o para a MRSJC demonstrou que h{\'a} 
                         potencial biof{\'{\i}}sico para a produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o adequada. 
                         No entanto, as entrevistas explorando as experi{\^e}ncias dos 
                         produtores trazem o alerta para problemas n{\~a}o evidenciados no 
                         mapa. Demostram que a falta de adapta{\c{c}}{\~a}o dos 
                         horticultores {\`a}s mudan{\c{c}}as ambientais e sociais em 
                         curso {\'e} um forte impedimento ao desenvolvimento do setor e 
                         apontam que as melhores {\'a}reas dispon{\'{\i}}veis para a 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o agr{\'{\i}}cola na regi{\~a}o est{\~a}o 
                         amea{\c{c}}adas pela urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o, pelo abuso de 
                         agroqu{\'{\i}}micos, e por problemas sociais t{\'{\i}}picos da 
                         cidade. Entre os principais problemas {\`a} produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         apontados pelos agricultores est{\~a}o: a maior ocorr{\^e}ncia 
                         de eventos clim{\'a}ticos extremos e restri{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         h{\'{\i}}drica; roubo, furto e viol{\^e}ncia; queda de 
                         produtividade no modelo convencional de produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o; 
                         dificuldade de acesso a cr{\'e}dito e de inser{\c{c}}{\~a}o nos 
                         programas do governo voltados {\`a} agricultura familiar; falta 
                         de m{\~a}o-de-obra e baixa ader{\^e}ncia dos filhos {\`a} 
                         atividade. Por fim, buscou-se identificar caminhos para este setor 
                         que corroborem com o desenvolvimento sustent{\'a}vel, numa 
                         perspectiva de redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o de desigualdades, de 
                         promo{\c{c}}{\~a}o da SAN e de resili{\^e}ncia socioambiental 
                         {\`a}s mudan{\c{c}}as ambientais globais. ABSTRACT: In a context 
                         of increasing global consumption, malnutrition and food 
                         inadequacy, as well as contamination and depletion of natural 
                         resources and climate changes which threaten agricultural 
                         production, it is important to examine whether Brazil is capable 
                         of producing food in sufficient quantity and quality to promote 
                         food and nutritional security (FNS) taking into account the 
                         dietary health recommendations of the World Health Organization 
                         (WHO). This interdisciplinary, multi-method, systemic analysis of 
                         vegetable production and demand provides comprehensive 
                         understanding of the potential to meet vegetable needs in Brazil. 
                         Focusing particularly on the micro-region of S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} 
                         dos Campos (MRSJC), it concludes that FNS cannot be achieved in 
                         the current system. Beginning with a literature review to define 
                         the relationship between food security, food systems and global 
                         environmental change, the thesis uses 2008/2009 National Household 
                         Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey data and 2010 Population 
                         Census data to produce a spatial assessment on current and 
                         projected vegetable demand for 2030, also comparing current demand 
                         to production data from 2006 Census of Agriculture for Brazilian 
                         Major Regions and Federative Units. It subsequently presents and 
                         discusses data from field visits and interviews with olericulture 
                         sectors stakeholders, and presents a suitability map for 
                         horticulture in the MRSJC developed to investigate the state of 
                         the art of this production and the current and likely future 
                         biophysical and human potential to variously maintain and increase 
                         vegetable production. It concludes that current and projected 
                         demand maps for vegetable groups (leaves, fruits and roots) by 
                         census tracts of Brazil indicate an imbalance between the 
                         acquisition of these three groups and low demand compared to WHOs 
                         recommendations for daily intake. While the suitability map for 
                         MRSJC suggests that there is biophysical potential for proper 
                         production, interview data calls that into question by revealing 
                         great limitations to small farmers ability to adapt to ongoing 
                         environmental and social changes, a strong detriment to 
                         horticulture development. It also indicates that the best areas 
                         available for agricultural production are threatened by 
                         urbanization, abuse of agrochemicals, and typical urban and social 
                         problems. Production problems most mentioned by farmers are: the 
                         increased occurrence of extreme weather events and water 
                         restriction; robbery, theft and violence; loss of soil fertility 
                         due to conventional production methods; difficult access to 
                         credit; lack of skilled labour and low adherence of youngers to 
                         the activity; inability to benefit from government programs 
                         because these programs are oriented towards family farming. 
                         Finally, the thesis seeks to identify sustainable development 
                         pathways which integrate inequality reduction, FNS, and 
                         socio-environmental resilience to global environmental changes.",
            committee = "Santos J{\'u}nior, Roberto Ara{\'u}jo de Oliveira (presidente) 
                         and Ometto, Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud (orientador) and Lahsen, 
                         Myanna Hvid (orientadora) and Vieira, Edson Trajano and Soler, 
                         Luciana de Souza and Val{\'e}rio Filho, Mario",
           copyholder = "SID/SCD",
         englishtitle = "Demand and supply of fresh vegetables in the micro region of 
                         S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos, Brazil: implications for food 
                         security and sustainable development in face of global 
                         environmental changes.",
             language = "pt",
                pages = "252",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3L5QU5P",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3L5QU5P",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"
}


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