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@Article{NobreKLYMPRRP:2016:ImHaYi,
               author = "Nobre, Andr{\'e} M. and Karthik, Shravan and Liu, Haohui and 
                         Yang, Dazhi and Martins, Fernando Ramos and Pereira, Enio Bueno 
                         and Ruther, Ricardo and Reindl, Thomas and Peters, Ian Marius",
          affiliation = "{National University of Singapore} and {National University of 
                         Singapore} and {National University of Singapore} and {National 
                         University of Singapore} and {} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Federal de Santa 
                         Catarina (UFSC)} and {National University of Singapore} and 
                         {National University of Singapore}",
                title = "On the impact of haze on the yield of photovoltaic systems in 
                         Singapore",
              journal = "Renewable Energy",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "89",
                pages = "389--400",
                month = "Apr.",
             keywords = "Haze, Air pollution, Irradiation, PV systems, System 
                         performance.",
             abstract = "Anthropogenic haze, caused at least in parts by forest and 
                         agricultural land clearing fires in Sumatra (Indonesia), is 
                         occasionally causing air quality issues in Singapore, located 
                         150-300 km east of the majority of these {"}hot spots{"}. The 
                         resulting air pollution partially blocks sunlight from reaching 
                         the ground, and consequently affects the electric power generation 
                         of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in Singapore. In this work, a 
                         methodology is presented to estimate the haze-induced reduction of 
                         the light intensity reaching PV panels and the corresponding loss 
                         in the electric energy yield. An assessment of a major haze event 
                         in June 2013 is the basis for the loss analysis, which takes into 
                         account data filtering techniques in order to isolate cloudless 
                         conditions for inter-comparison between clear and hazy days. Data 
                         from previous years in non-hazy conditions serve as baseline for 
                         the determination of the clear sky conditions for Singapore. The 
                         novel method is further applied to investigate the power output of 
                         ten PV systems in Singapore during the June 2013 haze event. It is 
                         found that poor air quality levels during this event caused yield 
                         losses of PV systems in Singapore in the range of 15-25%.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.renene.2015.11.079",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2015.11.079",
                 issn = "0960-1481",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "Nobre_on the.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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