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@Article{AlvesSSSJVWSMRDMTKKBWK:2016:OuRaBe,
               author = "Alves, Livia Ribeiro and Silva, L{\'{\i}}gia Alves da and Souza, 
                         Vitor Moura Cardoso e Silva and Sibeck, D. G. and Jauer, Paulo 
                         Ricardo and Vieira, Luis Eduardo Antunes and Walsh, B. M. and 
                         Silveira, M. V. D. and Marchezi, Jos{\'e} Paulo and Rockenbach da 
                         Silva, Marlos and Dal Lago, Alisson and Mendes, Odim and 
                         Tsurutani, Bruce T. and Koga, Daiki and Kanekal, S. G. and Baker, 
                         D. N. and Wygant, J. R. and Kletzing, C. A.",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {NASA Goddard Space Flight Center} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {University 
                         of California} and {NASA Goddard Space Flight Center} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {California Institute of Technology} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {NASA 
                         Goddard Space Flight Center} and {University of Colorado Boulder} 
                         and {University of Minnesota} and {University of Iowa}",
                title = "Outer radiation belt dropout dynamics following the arrival of two 
                         interplanetary coronal mass ejections",
              journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "43",
               number = "3",
                pages = "978--987",
                month = "Feb.",
             keywords = "adiabatic radial transport, magnetopause shadowing, nonadiabatic 
                         radial transport, outer radiation belt dynamics, relativistic 
                         electron loss.",
             abstract = "Magnetopause shadowing and wave-particle interactions are 
                         recognized as the two primary mechanisms for losses of electrons 
                         from the outer radiation belt. We investigate these mechanisms, 
                         using satellite observations both in interplanetary space and 
                         within the magnetosphere and particle drift modeling. Two 
                         interplanetary shocks/sheaths impinged upon the magnetopause 
                         causing a relativistic electron flux dropout. The magnetic cloud 
                         (MC) and interplanetary structure sunward of the MC had primarily 
                         northward magnetic field, perhaps leading to a concomitant lack of 
                         substorm activity and a 10 daylong quiescent period. The arrival 
                         of two shocks caused an unusual electron flux dropout. 
                         Test-particle simulations have shown \∼ 2 to 5 MeV energy, 
                         equatorially mirroring electrons with initial values of 
                         L\≥5.5 can be lost to the magnetosheath via magnetopause 
                         shadowing alone. For electron losses at lower L-shells, coherent 
                         chorus wave-driven pitch angle scattering and ULF wave-driven 
                         radial transport have been shown to be viable mechanisms.",
                  doi = "10.1002/2015GL067066",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL067066",
                 issn = "0094-8276",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "alves_outer.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "02 dez. 2020"
}


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