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@Article{BritoSCMVSCF:2016:CoAcIn,
               author = "Brito, Silvana Rossy and Silva, Aleksandra do Socorro and Cruz, 
                         Adejard Gaia and Monteiro, Maurilio de Abreu and Vijaykumar, 
                         Nandamudi Lankalapalli and Silva, Marcelino Silva and Costa, 
                         Jo{\~a}o Crisostomo Weyl Albuquerque and Frances, Carlos Renato 
                         Lisboa",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Federal Rural do Amazonas (UFRA)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal Rural do Amazonas (UFRA)} and {Universidade Federal do 
                         Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and {Universidade Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal do Par{\'a} (UFPA)} and {Universidade Federal do 
                         Par{\'a} (UFPA)}",
                title = "Concentration of access to information and communication 
                         technologies in the municipalities of the brazilian legal amazon",
              journal = "Plos One",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "11",
               number = "4",
                pages = "e0152655",
                month = "Apr.",
             abstract = "This study fills demand for data on access and use of information 
                         and communication technologies (ICT) in the Brazilian legal 
                         Amazon, a region of localities with identical economic, political, 
                         and social problems. We use the 2010 Brazilian Demographic Census 
                         to compile data on urban and rural households (i) with computers 
                         and Internet access, (ii) with mobile phones, and (iii) with fixed 
                         phones. To compare the concentration of access to ICT in the 
                         municipalities of the Brazilian Amazon with other regions of 
                         Brazil, we use a concentration index to quantify the concentration 
                         of households in the following classes: with computers and 
                         Internet access, with mobile phones, with fixed phones, and no 
                         access. These data are analyzed along with municipal indicators on 
                         income, education, electricity, and population size. The results 
                         show that for urban households, the average concentration in the 
                         municipalities of the Amazon for computers and Internet access and 
                         for fixed phones is lower than in other regions of the country; 
                         meanwhile, that for no access and mobile phones is higher than in 
                         any other region. For rural households, the average concentration 
                         in the municipalities of the Amazon for computers and Internet 
                         access, mobile phones, and fixed phones is lower than in any other 
                         region of the country; meanwhile, that for no access is higher 
                         than in any other region. In addition, the study shows that 
                         education and income are determinants of inequality in accessing 
                         ICT in Brazilian municipalities and that the existence of 
                         electricity in rural households is directly associated with the 
                         ownership of ICT resources.",
                  doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0152655",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152655",
                 issn = "1932-6203",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"
}


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