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@Article{CassolMelMenFonSan:2016:ReEmCO,
               author = "Cassol, Henrique Luis Godinho and Melo, Lara Cl{\'{\i}}maco de 
                         and Mendes, Fernanda da Silva and Fonseca, Rog{\'e}rio and 
                         Sanquetta, Carlos Roberto",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         AgroParisTech and {Universidade Federal do Paran{\'a} (UFPR)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal do Paran{\'a} (UFPR)}",
                title = "Redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o de emiss{\~o}es de CO2 pela 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o de biocombust{\'{\i}}veis a partir de 
                         {\'o}leo de dend{\^e} na Amaz{\^o}nia brasileira",
              journal = "Floresta",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "46",
               number = "1",
                pages = "135--144",
             keywords = "Allometry, Carbon sink, Climate change, Palm tree, Mudan{\c{c}}as 
                         clim{\'a}ticas, Estoque de carbono, Palmeiras, Alometria.",
             abstract = "The study aims to estimate the reduction of CO2 provided by the 
                         production of biofuels from palm oil in suitable areas, according 
                         to the {"}land use plan-Palm Oil{"} of the Brazilian Amazon. These 
                         estimates, still lacking in the literature, are part of the 
                         government guidelines to climate change. Such guidelines involve 
                         the measurement of two potential carbon pools: i) the fixation of 
                         atmospheric CO2 from the accumulation of biomass through croplands 
                         and ii) the reduction of CO2 emissions arising from the 
                         replacement of fossil fuels by biofuels (less polluting), 
                         generated from palm oil. The results show that over the 
                         cultivation period, 151.85 Mg.CO2eq.ha-1 can be stocked in 
                         above-ground biomass. In 35 million hectares scenario of potential 
                         use for the production of palm oil in deforested areas of 
                         Brazilian Amazon 5.3 billion Mg.CO2eq could be absorbed with the 
                         plantation. However, approximately 90% of the CO2 absorbed returns 
                         to the atmosphere during the production process due to low 
                         technology applied, making essential the reuse of waste production 
                         to increase the efficiency of CO2 reduction. RESUMO: O estudo 
                         pretende estimar a redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o de CO2 proporcionada pela 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o de biocombust{\'{\i}}veis a partir do 
                         {\'o}leo de dend{\^e} nas {\'a}reas aptas ao cultivo, segundo o 
                         ZAE-Dend{\^e} da Amaz{\^o}nia Brasileira. Essas estimativas, 
                         ainda escassas na literatura, s{\~a}o parte das diretrizes 
                         governamentais frente {\`a}s mudan{\c{c}}as clim{\'a}ticas. 
                         Tais diretrizes envolvem a mensura{\c{c}}{\~a}o de dois 
                         reservat{\'o}rios de carbono potenciais: i) a fixa{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         de CO2 atmosf{\'e}rico proveniente do ac{\'u}mulo na biomassa 
                         nos plantios; e ii) a redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o de emiss{\~o}es de CO2 
                         oriundas da substitui{\c{c}}{\~a}o de combust{\'{\i}}veis 
                         f{\'o}sseis por biocombust{\'{\i}}veis (menos poluentes), 
                         gerados a partir de {\'o}leo de dend{\^e}. Os resultados 
                         demonstram que, ao longo do per{\'{\i}}odo de cultivo, 151,85 
                         Mg.CO2eq.ha-1 podem ser estocados na biomassa acima do solo. Em um 
                         cen{\'a}rio de aproveitamento potencial para a 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o de {\'o}leo de palma de 35 milh{\~o}es de 
                         hectares de {\'a}reas desmatadas da Amaz{\^o}nia brasileira, 5,3 
                         bilh{\~o}es Mg.CO2eq poderiam ser absorvidas com o plantio. 
                         Entretanto, aproximadamente 90% do CO2 absorvido retorna {\`a} 
                         atmosfera durante o processo de produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o, devido 
                         {\`a} baixa tecnologia aplicada, tornando imprescind{\'{\i}}vel 
                         o reaproveitamento dos res{\'{\i}}duos da produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         para aumentar a efici{\^e}ncia da redu{\c{c}}{\~a}o de CO2.",
                  doi = "10.5380/rf.v46i1.41516",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/rf.v46i1.41516",
                 issn = "0015-3826",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "cassol_reducao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "26 nov. 2020"
}


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