author = "Rubab, Nazish and Chian, Abraham Chian-Long and Jatenco-Pereira, 
          affiliation = "{Institute of Space and Technolog} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {George Washington University}",
                title = "On the ordinary mode Weibel instability in space plasmas: A 
                         comparison of three-particle distributions",
              journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "121",
               number = "3",
                pages = "1874--1885",
                month = "Mar.",
             keywords = "instability, non-Maxwellian, Weibel.",
             abstract = "Electromagnetic wave fluctuations driven by temperature anisotropy 
                         in plasmas are of interest for solar flare, solar corona, and 
                         solar wind studies. We investigate the dispersion characteristics 
                         of electromagnetic wave propagating perpendicular to the uniform 
                         magnetic field which is derived by using multiple particle 
                         distribution functions: Maxwellian, bi-kappa, and product 
                         bi-kappa. The presence of temperature anisotropy in which the 
                         parallel plasma kinetic energy density exceeding by a sufficient 
                         amount can lead to Weibel-like electromagnetic instability. A 
                         general description is made to calculate the growth/damping rates 
                         of Weibel-like modes when the temperature anisotropy and 
                         nonthermal features are associated with these distributions. We 
                         demonstrate that for the zeroth cyclotron harmonic, our results 
                         for bi-Maxwellian and bi-kappa overlap with each other, while the 
                         product bi-kappa distribution shows some dependence on parallel 
                         kappa index. For higher harmonics, the growth rates vanish and the 
                         damping prevails.",
                  doi = "10.1002/2015JA022206",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JA022206",
                 issn = "2169-9402",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "27 nov. 2020"