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@Article{NobreMarSelCuaAlv:2016:SoChIm,
               author = "Nobre, Carlos Afonso and Marengo, Jos{\'e} Antonio and Seluchi, 
                         Marcelo E. and Cuartas, Adriana and Alves, Lincoln Muniz",
          affiliation = "{Coordena{\c{c}}{\~a}o de Aperfei{\c{c}}oamento de Pessoal de 
                         N{\'{\i}}vel Superior (CAPES)} and {Centro Nacional de 
                         Monitoramento e Alertas aos Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN)} and 
                         {Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas aos Desastres Naturais 
                         (CEMADEN)} and {Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas aos 
                         Desastres Naturais (CEMADEN)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Some Characteristics and Impacts of the Drought and Water Crisis 
                         in Southeastern Brazil during 2014 and 2015",
              journal = "Journal of Water Resource and Protection",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "8",
               number = "2",
                pages = "252--262",
                month = "Feb.",
             keywords = "Drought, Sao Paulo, Water Crisis, Vulnerability.",
             abstract = "Since the austral summer of 2014 southeastern Brazil has been 
                         experiencing one of the most severe droughts in decades. This 
                         rainfall deficiency has generated water shortages and a water 
                         crisis that have affected population and local economies in the 
                         metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, the largest megacity in South 
                         America. By January 2015, main reservoirs had reached storage 
                         levels of only 5% of their 1.3 billion m3 capacity. The 
                         meteorological causes of the drought situation were linked to 
                         changes in the regional circulation, characterized by a 
                         mid-troposphere blocking high that lasted 45 days during the 
                         summer of 2014 over southeastern Brazil, something not seen in 
                         five decades. The water crisis was aggravated by a combination of 
                         lack of rainfall and higher temperatures, the summer of 2014 being 
                         the warmest and driest over the Cantareira reservoir system since 
                         1951. Increasing population and water consumption increased 
                         vulnerability in the region, and while human-induced warming may 
                         not have generated the atmospheric conditions behind the 2014 and 
                         2015 summer droughts in Southeast Brazil, it is more likely that 
                         the warm temperatures have affected the severity of the drought 
                         and exacerbated the impacts on the population.",
                  doi = "10.4236/jwarp.2016.82022",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2016.82022",
                 issn = "1945-3094",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "nobre_some.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "27 nov. 2020"
}


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