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@MastersThesis{Ferrada:2016:SePlRi,
               author = "Ferrada, Gonzalo Andr{\'e}s Guajardo",
                title = "Sensitivity of the Plume Rise Model in the estimation of biomass 
                         burning plume injection heights in South America",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2016",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2016-07-14",
             keywords = "biomass burning, emissions, plume injection heights, SAMBBA, 
                         queimadas, emiss{\~o}es, altura de inje{\c{c}}{\~a}o.",
             abstract = "This study had the aim to evaluate the new developments on the 
                         Plume Rise Model (PRM), embedded into the BRAMS model. PRM 
                         computes the biomass burning plume injection heights and returns 
                         that information to the host model. Then, the atmospheric model 
                         releases all the fire emissions at this height. New developments 
                         are based on the initialization data used by the PRM, using fire 
                         size and fire radiative power (FRP) from remote sensing. The main 
                         difference between the two new versions is the conversion 
                         parameter (\$\beta\$) used to convert from FRP to the plume 
                         convective flux. In addition, a new scheme to generate daily fire 
                         emission fluxes is implemented, using the fire radiative energy 
                         (computed from remote sensing) in the Brazilian Biomass Burning 
                         Emission Model (3BEM-FRE). Model results using the three versions 
                         of the PRM are compared with observed airborne CO and O\$_{3}\$ 
                         data from the South American Biomass Burning Analysis (SAMBBA) 
                         campaign, which took place in southern Amazonia and Cerrado 
                         regions in September 2012. Results show that improvements in both 
                         3BEM-FRE and PRM models, have a better performance in the vertical 
                         and horizontal reproduction of CO and O\$-{3}\$ than the 
                         original versions of both models, especially in the middle and 
                         upper troposphere, specially, reproducing fires over the Cerrado 
                         region. Nevertheless, new versions of both models have some 
                         difficulty to reproduce the emissions by the end of the campaign, 
                         probably due to the cumulus parameterization used, which 
                         overestimated the precipitation in the region of study. RESUMO: 
                         Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os novos desenvolvimentos 
                         no modelo Plume Rise Model (PRM), inserido no modelo BRAMS. O 
                         modelo PRM calcula a altura de inje{\c{c}}{\~a}o das plumas das 
                         queimadas e devolve esse dado para o modelo atmosf{\'e}rico. 
                         Logo, o modelo BRAMS libera todas as emiss{\~o}es das queimadas 
                         nesta altura. Os novos desenvolvimentos, baseiam-se no uso da 
                         {\'a}rea do fogo e a pot{\^e}ncia radiativa do fogo (FRP), 
                         obtidos via sensoriamento remoto, que s{\~a}o usados para a 
                         inicializa{\c{c}}{\~a}o do PRM. A diferen{\c{c}}a entre as duas 
                         novas vers{\~o}es est{\'a} no par{\^a}metro de convers{\~a}o 
                         de FRP para o fluxo conectivo das plumas (\$\beta\$). 
                         Tamb{\'e}m, {\'e} implementado um esquema para gerar as 
                         emiss{\~o}es das queimadas no modelo 3BEM que usa a energia 
                         radiativa do fogo (calculada a partir da FRP) para estimar a 
                         emiss{\~o}es di{\'a}rias dos fogos detectados (3BEM-FRE). Os 
                         resultados das simula{\c{c}}{\~o}es com as novas vers{\~o}es do 
                         PRM s{\~a}o comparados com dados de voos da campanha South 
                         American Biomass Burning Analysis (SAMBBA), que teve lugar no sul 
                         da Amaz{\^o}nia e Cerrado brasileiro em setembro de 2012. Os 
                         resultados mostram que os desenvolvimentos feitos no 3BEM-FRE e no 
                         PRM, tiveram melhor desempenho na reprodu{\c{c}}{\~a}o vertical 
                         e horizontal do CO e O\$_{3}\$ emitido pelas queimadas, do que 
                         as vers{\~o}es originais destes modelos, especialmente na 
                         troposfera m{\'e}dia e alta. Embora, haja dificuldade para 
                         reproduzir as emiss{\~o}es para o final da campanha, 
                         prov{\'a}velmente devido {\`a} parametriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o de 
                         cumulus utilizada, que superestimou a precipita{\c{c}}{\~a}o na 
                         regi{\~a}o de estudo.",
            committee = "Ferreira, Nelson Jesuz (presidente) and Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro de 
                         (orientador) and Ros{\'a}rio, Nilton Manuel {\'E}vora do",
           copyholder = "SID/SCD",
         englishtitle = "Sensibilidade do modelo Plume Rise Model na estimativa da altura 
                         de inje{\c{c}}{\~a}o de plumas de queimadas na Am{\'e}rica do 
                         Sul",
             language = "en",
                pages = "92",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3M2LFGB",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3M2LFGB",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "29 nov. 2020"
}


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