author = "Thompson, Jim and Ferreira, Joice and Arag{\~a}o, Luiz Eduardo 
                         Oliveira e Cruz de and Barlow, Jos and Berenguer, Erica and 
                         Brancallion, Pedro and Ferraz, Silvio and Fonseca, Thiago and 
                         Gardner, Toby and Garrett, Rachel and Oliveira, Victor Hugo 
                         Fonseca and Lees, Alexander and Lennox, Gareth and Louzada, Julio 
                         and Nally, Ralph Mac and Moura, Nargila and Nunes, Samia and 
                         Parry, Luke and Solar, Ricardo and Vieira, Ima",
          affiliation = "{The University of Canberra} and {Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa 
                         Agropecu{\'a}ria (EMBRAPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and Lancaster and Lancaster and {Universidade de 
                         S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} 
                         and {Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)} and SEI and {Boston 
                         University} and {Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA)} and 
                         {Cornell University} and Lancaster and {Universidade Federal de 
                         Lavras (UFLA)} and {The University of Canberra} and {Museu 
                         Paraense Emilio Goeldi} and Imazon and Lancaster and {Universidade 
                         Federal de Vi{\c{c}}osa (UFV)} and {Museu Paraense Emilio 
                title = "Prioritizing forest protection, reforestation, and avoided 
                         disturbance in the eastern Amazon",
                 year = "2016",
         organization = "Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and 
                         Conservation, 53.",
             abstract = "Maintaining and restoring critical ecosystem processes and 
                         ensuring the persistence of native biodiversity in human modified 
                         landscapes will require a combination of habitat protection, 
                         restoration and rehabilitation. But how should limited resources 
                         be allocated to these different conservation activities to achieve 
                         the best ecological outcomes at regional scales, while minimizing 
                         economic and social costs? Here we address the problem of 
                         strategic landscape planning in multiple-use mosaic landscapes of 
                         the eastern Amazon. We explore trade-offs among protecting 
                         relatively undisturbed primary forest, avoiding degradation and 
                         restoring degraded primary forest, and rehabilitating forest 
                         through passive reforestation and protection of secondary forests. 
                         Extensive survey data on bird, invertebrate and tree biodiversity 
                         were linked with remote sensing data to model species 
                         distributions and biodiversity patterns as well as estimates of 
                         above-ground carbon stocks in a range of land-use types and forest 
                         conditions. Validated models were used to map habitat values 
                         across two municipalities in the eastern Amazon under current and 
                         possible future management scenarios The resulting maps were used 
                         to explore trade-offs among management actions and to identify 
                         priority areas for habitat protection, rehabilitation and 
                         restoration, using conservation planning software Zonation. These 
                         prioritization analyses identified the most cost-effective balance 
                         and spatial configuration of forest protection, restoration and 
                         rehabilitation, while accounting for connectivity requirements, 
                         relative costs, risks of fire and logging, environmental 
                         regulations, and uncertainty in species distributions and other 
                         inputs. We find that where restoration imposes significant 
                         opportunity and implementation costs efforts to avoid and reverse 
                         the degradation of standing forests can deliver greater returns on 
                         investment for biodiversity conservation, especially in 
                         human-modified landscapes that now dominate so much of the 
                         tropics. Systemic planning of management options at regional 
                         scales can substantially improve expected biodiversity outcomes 
                         while minimizing costs and risks, and provide valuable information 
                         for regulators, conservation practitioners and landowners in this 
                         biologically unique region.",
  conference-location = "Le Corum",
      conference-year = "19-23 June",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "thompson_prioritizing.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "03 dez. 2020"