author = "Welter, Maria Eug{\^e}nia Sausen",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Counter-gradient term applied to the turbulence parameterization 
                         in the BRAMS",
                 year = "2016",
         organization = "International Conference on Integral Methods in Science and 
                         Engineering, 14. (IMSE)",
             keywords = "turbulence parameterization, counter-gradient term, BRAMS model.",
             abstract = "The numerical weather prediction is a routine in operational 
                         meteorological centers, where sophisticated computer models are 
                         runned. The atmospheric dynamics is simulated by solving the 
                         Navier-Stokes equation, considering several physical phenomena. 
                         One parameterization is to represent the turbulence. A 
                         counter-gradient flow can be described for higher order closure 
                         turbulence approaches. Here, a first order parameterization for 
                         the turbulent flow is coupled with an explicit counter-gradient 
                         term. Both latter schemes are based on the Taylors statistical 
                         theory of turbulence. These new schemes are applied to the BRAMS, 
                         a meso-scale meteorological model. The simulation is compared with 
                         experimental data measured in the Brazilian Amazon region.",
  conference-location = "Padova, Italy",
      conference-year = "25-29 July",
        urlaccessdate = "17 jan. 2021"