author = "Corr{\^e}a, Polari Batista and Candido, Luiz Antonio and Souza, 
                         Rodrigo Augusto Ferreira de and Andreoli, Rita Val{\'e}ria and 
                         Kayano, Mary Toshie",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amaz{\^o}nia (INPA)} and 
                         {Universidade do Estado do Amazonas (UEAM)} and {Universidade do 
                         Estado do Amazonas (UEAM)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Estudo do fen{\^o}meno da ilha de calor na cidade de Manaus/AM: 
                         Um estudo a partir de dados de sensoriamento remoto, modelagem e 
                         esta{\c{c}}{\~o}es meteorol{\'o}gicas",
              journal = "Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "31",
               number = "2",
                pages = "167--176",
                month = "abr./jun.",
             keywords = "Climate urban, MODIS sensor, Surface temperature, WRF model.",
             abstract = "The heat island phenomenon (HI) in the city of Manaus was studied 
                         using the urban climate modeling with the Weather Research and 
                         Forecasting (WRF) model and meteorological weather station data. 
                         The surface temperature (ST) data from the environmental satellite 
                         MODIS Aqua, product MYD11A2 with a horizontal resolution of 1 km 
                         by 1 km for the period 2002 to 2012 were used to evaluate the 
                         urbanization process in Manaus city. A case study was conducted 
                         with the simulated ST and air temperature (AT) for the months of 
                         August and September 2009, which were compared respectively with 
                         the satellite data and meteorological weather station data. The 
                         spatial distribution of ST in the city was identified, and the ST 
                         differences between the urban and the forest areas and between the 
                         urban and river areas were quantified. The ST difference across 
                         the longitude bands 60,03° W to 59,97° W and across the latitude 
                         bands 3,09° S a -3,03° S were analyzed with WRF data and MODIS 
                         data. The intensity of the HI estimated with the AT from the model 
                         and the meteorological stations were on average respectively of 
                         1,87 °C and 1,80 °C, consistent with previous results. Therefore, 
                         the simulated AT can be used to estimate the intensity ofHI in 
                  doi = "10.1590/0102-778631220150012",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-778631220150012",
                 issn = "0102-7786",
             language = "pt",
           targetfile = "Correa_estudo.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "26 nov. 2020"