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@InProceedings{CoeSMPSCMMMPRKMCGAWMDHAHSRDTJLMBMSBOMDFMJLHLFFFRBALBR:2016:PrImBi,
               author = "Coe, Hugh and Stich, Stephen and Mercado, Lina and Pacifico, 
                         Federico and Spracklen, Dom and Carslaw, Ken and Mann, Graham and 
                         Marsham, John and McQuaid, Jim and Parker, Doug and Reddington, 
                         Carly and Kolusu, Seshu and McFiggans, Gordon and Connolly, Paul 
                         and Gallagher, Martin and Allan, James and Williams, Paul and 
                         Morgan, Will and Darbyshire, Eoghan and Hodgson, Amy and 
                         Archer-Nicholls, Scott and Highwood, Ellie and Shaffrey, Len and 
                         Ryder, Claire and Davies, Will and Thornhill, Gillian and Johnson, 
                         Ben and Langridge, Justin and Malavel, Florent and Barrett, Paul 
                         and Marenco, Franco and Szpek, Kate and Brooke, Jenn and 
                         O'Sullivan, Debbie and Mulcahy, Jane and Dunning, Caroline and 
                         Field, Paul and Milton, Sean and Jones, Chris and Lee, James and 
                         Hopkins, Jim and Lewis, Ally and Freitas, Karla Maria Longo de and 
                         Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro de and Fisch, Gilberto Fernando and 
                         Rosario, Nilton do and Brito, Joel and Artaxo, Paulo and Lowe, 
                         Doug and Butt, Edward and Rap, Alex",
          affiliation = "{University of Manchester} and {University of Exeter} and 
                         {University of Exeter} and {University of Exeter} and {University 
                         of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and 
                         {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of 
                         Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and 
                         {University of Manchester} and {University of Manchester} and 
                         {University of Manchester} and {University of Manchester} and 
                         {University of Manchester} and {University of Manchester} and 
                         {University of Manchester} and {University of Manchester} and NCAR 
                         and {University of Reading} and {University of Reading} and 
                         {University of Reading} and {University of Reading} and 
                         {University of Reading} and {Met Office} and {Met Office} and {Met 
                         Office} and {Met Office} and {Met Office} and {Met Office} and 
                         {Met Office} and {Met Offie} and {Met Office} and {Met Office} and 
                         {Met Office} and {Met Office} and {Met Office} and {University of 
                         York} and {University of York} and {University of York} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {S{\~a}o Paulo Central 
                         University} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and 
                         {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {University of 
                         Manchester} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds}",
                title = "Properties and impacts of biomass burning aerosol over the Amazon 
                         region  a summary of the South American Biomass Burning Analyses 
                         (SAMBBA) project",
                 year = "2016",
         organization = "IGAC Science Conference",
             abstract = "Biomass burning from wildfires is one of the largest sources of 
                         absorbing and organic aerosol on the planet. It has a significant 
                         influence on cloud properties and makes a substantial contribution 
                         to the radiation balance of the atmosphere on continental scales. 
                         Such perturbations have an effect on regional weather and climate 
                         and can influence net growth of the biosphere. Despite the 
                         importance of these effects across continental regions such as 
                         Amazonia, there are considerable gaps in our knowledge that limit 
                         accurate prediction. These result from: inaccurate prediction of 
                         optical properties from the physical and chemical properties of 
                         biomass burning aerosol; uncertainty over the controls on the 
                         aerosol distribution throughout the atmosphere resulting from 
                         emissions and dispersion of large plumes; the inability of 
                         regional and global models to represent the measured atmospheric 
                         burden across major regions of burning without significant 
                         moderation of emissions; recent changes in burning practices that 
                         significantly alter the optical properties and spatial extent of 
                         biomass burning aerosol; shortcomings in model representations of 
                         absorbing aerosol that limit our understanding of 
                         aerosolcloud-precipitation feedbacks; and the complexity of 
                         capturing the net response of the biosphere to the competing 
                         stimuli of reduced radiation, increased fraction of scattered 
                         light, and increased ozone resulting from biomass burning. During 
                         2012 a major experimental study to investigate biomass burning 
                         across the southern margins of Amazonia took place. We present 
                         the major results from this joint Brazil-UK programme, which 
                         involved a large research aircraft the UK Atmospheric Research 
                         Aircraft (FAAM) and a number of ground-based measurement sites, 
                         and utilised a range of regional and climate models. We 
                         demonstrate how this study has been able to address or constrain 
                         the process uncertainties discussed above, advance methods to 
                         capture feedbacks and quantify their magnitude, and summarise the 
                         remaining outstanding research questions.",
  conference-location = "Colorado, USA",
      conference-year = "26-30 Sept.",
        urlaccessdate = "25 nov. 2020"
}


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