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@Article{FeldpauschPBGLLMMAAAAAAABBBBCCCDFGCLLLLMMBNOSCPPQRRRRSSSSSSTTHVVV:2016:AmFoRe,
               author = "Feldpausch, T. R. and Phillips, O. L. and Brienen, R. J. W. and 
                         Gloor, E. and Lloyd, J. and Lopez-Gonzalez, G. and 
                         Monteagudo-Mendoza, A. and Malhi, Y. and Alarcon, A. and Alvarez 
                         Davila, E. and Alvarez-Loayza, P. and Andrade, A. and Arag{\~a}o, 
                         Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de and Arroyo, L. and Aymard, G. A. 
                         and Baker, T. R. and Baraloto, C. and Barroso, J. and Bonal, D. 
                         and Castro, W. and Chama, V. and Chave, J. and Domingues, T. F. 
                         and Fauset, S. and Groot, N. and Coronado, E. Honorio and 
                         Laurance, S. and Laurance, W. F. and Lewis, S. L. and Licona, J. 
                         C. and Marimon, B. S. and Marimon Junior, B. H. and Bautista, C. 
                         M. and Neill, D. A. and Oliveira, E. A. and Santos, C. Oliveira 
                         dos and Camacho, N. C. Pallqui and Pardo-Molina, G. and Prieto, A. 
                         and Quesada, C. A. and Ramirez, F. and Ramirez-Angulo, H. and 
                         Rejou-Mechain, M. and Rudas, A. and Saiz, G. and Salomao, R. P. 
                         and Silva-Espejo, J. E. and Silveira, M. and ter Steege, H. and 
                         Stropp, J. and Terborgh, J. and Thomas-Caesar, R. and van der 
                         Heijden, G. M. F. and Vazquez Martinez, R. and Vilanova, E. and 
                         Vos, V. A.",
          affiliation = "{University of Exeter} and {University of Leeds} and {University 
                         of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {Imperial College London} 
                         and {University of Leeds} and {Universidad Nacional San Antonio 
                         Abad del Cusco} and {University of Oxford} and {Instituto 
                         Boliviano de Investigaci{\'o}n Forestal} and {Fundaci{\'o}n 
                         Con-Vida} and {Duke University} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff 
                         Mercado} and UNELLEZ-Guanare and {University of Leeds} and 
                         {Florida International University} and {Universidade Federal do 
                         Acre (UFAC)} and INRA, UMR and {Universidade Federal do Acre 
                         (UFAC)} and {Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco} and 
                         {Universit{\'e} Paul Sabatier CNRS} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o 
                         Paulo (USP)} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} 
                         and {University of Leeds} and {James Cook University} and {James 
                         Cook University} and {University of Leeds} and {Instituto 
                         Boliviano de Investigaci{\'o}n Forestal} and {Universidade do 
                         Estado de Mato Grosso (UEMT)} and {Universidade do Estado de Mato 
                         Grosso (UEMT)} and FOMABO, Manejo Forestal en las Tierras 
                         Tropicales de Bolivia, Sacta and {Universidad Estatal 
                         Amaz{\'o}nica} and {Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso (UEMT)} 
                         and {Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso (UEMT)} and 
                         {Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco} and {Universidad 
                         Autonoma del Beni} and {Universidad Nacional de Colombia} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA)} and 
                         {Universidad Nacional de la Amazon{\'{\i}}a Peruana} and 
                         {Universidad de Los Andes} and {Universit{\'e} Paul Sabatier} and 
                         {Universidad Nacional de Colombia} and {Karlsruhe Institute of 
                         Technology} and {Museu Paraense Em{\'{\i}}lio Goeldi} and 
                         {Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC)} and {Naturalis Biodiversity 
                         Center} and {Universidade Federal do Alagoas (UFAL)} and {Duke 
                         University} and {Iwokrama International Centre for Rainforest 
                         Conservation and Development} and {University of Nottingham} and 
                         {Jard{\'{\i}}n Bot{\'a}nico de Missouri} and {Universidad de 
                         Los Andes} and {Universidad Aut{\'o}noma del Beni}",
                title = "Amazon forest response to repeated droughts",
              journal = "Global Biogeochemical Cycles",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "30",
               number = "7",
                pages = "964--982",
                month = "July",
             keywords = "carbon, forest productivity, water deficit, precipitation, 
                         vegetation dynamics, tree mortality.",
             abstract = "The Amazon Basin has experienced more variable climate over the 
                         last decade, with a severe and widespread drought in 2005 causing 
                         large basin-wide losses of biomass. A drought of similar 
                         climatological magnitude occurred again in 2010; however, there 
                         has been no basin-wide ground-based evaluation of effects on 
                         vegetation. We examine to what extent the 2010 drought affected 
                         forest dynamics using ground-based observations of mortality and 
                         growth from an extensive forest plot network. We find that during 
                         the 2010 drought interval, forests did not gain biomass (net 
                         change: -0.43Mgha(-1), confidence interval (CI): -1.11, 0.19, 
                         n=97), regardless of whether forests experienced precipitation 
                         deficit anomalies. This contrasted with a long-term biomass sink 
                         during the baseline pre-2010 drought period (1998 to pre-2010) of 
                         1.33Mgha(-1)yr(-1) (CI: 0.90, 1.74, p<0.01). The resulting net 
                         impact of the 2010 drought (i.e., reversal of the baseline net 
                         sink) was -1.95Mgha(-1)yr(-1) (CI:-2.77, -1.18; p<0.001). This net 
                         biomass impact was driven by an increase in biomass mortality 
                         (1.45Mgha(-1)yr(-1) CI: 0.66, 2.25, p<0.001) and a decline in 
                         biomass productivity (-0.50Mgha(-1)yr(-1), CI:-0.78, -0.31; 
                         p<0.001). Surprisingly, the magnitude of the losses through tree 
                         mortality was unrelated to estimated local precipitation anomalies 
                         and was independent of estimated local pre-2010 drought history. 
                         Thus, there was no evidence that pre-2010 droughts compounded the 
                         effects of the 2010 drought. We detected a systematic basin-wide 
                         impact of the 2010 drought on tree growth rates across Amazonia, 
                         which was related to the strength of the moisture deficit. This 
                         impact differed from the drought event in 2005 which did not 
                         affect productivity. Based on these ground data, live biomass in 
                         trees and corresponding estimates of live biomass in lianas and 
                         roots, we estimate that intact forests in Amazonia were carbon 
                         neutral in 2010 (-0.07PgCyr(-1) CI:-0.42, 0.23), consistent with 
                         results from an independent analysis of airborne estimates of 
                         land-atmospheric fluxes during 2010. Relative to the long-term 
                         mean, the 2010 drought resulted in a reduction in biomass carbon 
                         uptake of 1.1PgC, compared to 1.6PgC for the 2005 event.",
                  doi = "10.1002/2015GB005133",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GB005133",
                 issn = "0886-6236",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "feldpausch_amazon.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "29 nov. 2020"
}


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