author = "Marcelino, Eliel Wellington and Riehl, Roger Ribeiro and Silva, 
                         D{\'e}bora de Oliveira",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "A review on thermal performance of CuO-water nanofluids applied to 
                         heat pipes and their characteristics",
            booktitle = "Proceedings...",
                 year = "2016",
                pages = "12--22",
         organization = "InterSociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena 
                         in Electronic Systems, 15. (ITherm)",
             keywords = "CuO-water nanofluid, heat pipes, nanofluid, thermal enhancement.",
             abstract = "Nanofluids are basically made of a base fluid and a volume 
                         fraction of dispersed nanoparticles. In order to consider any 
                         fluid as a nanofluid, it must contain particle sizes within the 
                         range from 1nm up to 100nm. Nanofluids studies and analysis have 
                         been both increasing during the last years due to the fact they 
                         are able to provide great thermal conductivity enhancements 
                         compared to the base fluid alone. One of the most commonly used 
                         nanofluids are made of water as base fluid and oxides as 
                         nanoparticles. The CuO-water nanofluid is one of these oxide 
                         nanofluids also called as ceramic or non-metallic nanofluids, 
                         which is under studies for some different volume fractions (vol.%) 
                         and particle sizes. The CuO-water nanofluids are relatively easy 
                         to be prepared by using the two-steps method, which provides a 
                         reasonable stability and particle dispersion. The nanofluid 
                         stability and particle dispersion are both important parameters 
                         for having thermal conductivity enhancements. Heat pipes are 
                         thermal devices able to efficiently transport great amount of heat 
                         for long distances through a saturated working fluid by using 
                         capillary pressure generated in an internal wick structure. Thus, 
                         the application of nanofluids in heat pipes has been one of 
                         interesting researches lately. Considering that nanofluids applied 
                         in heat pipes may bring alternatives for thermal conductivity 
                         enhancements for aerospace and also other industry fields, this 
                         paper specifically considers a review on some CuO-water nanofluid 
                         papers. The objective is to evaluate correlations between some 
                         results from thermal performances standpoint and also their main 
                         characteristics which may affect thermal conductivity 
  conference-location = "Las Vegas, USA",
      conference-year = "31 May - 3 June",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "marcelino_a review.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "17 jan. 2021"