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@Article{OozeerCCZSCMC:2016:NuStTr,
               author = "Oozeer, M. Y. and Chan, A. and Chel-Gee Ooi, M. and Zarzur, Alonso 
                         Mauricio and Salinas, S. V. and Chew, B. -N. and Morris, K. I. and 
                         Choong, W. -K",
          affiliation = "{University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus} and {University of 
                         Nottingham Malaysia Campus} and {University of Nottingham Malaysia 
                         Campus} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {National University of Singapore} and {National University of 
                         Singapore} and {University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus} and 
                         {University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus}",
                title = "Numerical study of the transport and convective mechanisms of 
                         biomass burning haze in South-Southeast Asia",
              journal = "Aerosol and Air Quality Research",
                 year = "2016",
               volume = "16",
               number = "11",
                pages = "2950--2963",
                month = "Nov.",
             keywords = "Biomass burning, Deep convection, Southeast Asia, Vertical 
                         transport mechanism, WRF-Chem.",
             abstract = "This study aims to identify the vertical transport mechanisms that 
                         uplifted the forest fire emissions from Sumatra to the upper 
                         troposphere during the June 2013 haze crisis. WRF-Chem is used to 
                         simulate the formation and transport of biomass-burning haze 
                         during the study period of 18th to 26th June 2013. The 
                         South-Southeast Asian synoptic weather patterns and their effects 
                         on the transport of biomass-burning emissions from Sumatra to 
                         Peninsular Malaysia were studied computationally to explain the 
                         phenomenon. Results show that PM10 emissions were lifted to 200 
                         hPa height (approximately 12 km) over the Strait of Malacca on 
                         24th June. The two identified vertical transport mechanisms 
                         confirmed a previously conjectured convergence over the Strait of 
                         Malacca and orographic lifting over Peninsular Malaysia. These 
                         mechanisms were able to uplift the biomass-burning emissions to 
                         the upper troposphere and this could have significant long-range 
                         transport and global climatic effects.",
                 issn = "1680-8584",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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