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@Article{FreitasPLRMRDDSFLFFSPEFMSSPCFCMFAGZFLSBTOM:2017:InEnMo,
               author = "Freitas, Saulo Ribeiro de and Panetta, Jairo and Longo, Karla 
                         Maria and Rodrigues, Luiz Fl{\'a}vio and Moreira, Demerval S. and 
                         Ros{\'a}rio, Nilton E. and Dias, Pedro L. Silva and Dias, Maria 
                         A. F. Silva and Souza, Enio P. and Freitas, Edmilson D. and Longo, 
                         Marcos and Frassoni, Ariane and Fazenda, Alvaro L. and Silva, 
                         Cl{\'a}udio M. Santos e and Pavani, Cl{\'a}udio Augusto Borges 
                         and Eiras, Denis and Fran{\c{c}}a, Daniela A. and Massaru, Daniel 
                         and Silva, Fernanda Batista and Santos, Fernando Cavalcante dos 
                         and Pereira, Gabriel and Camponogara, Gl{\'a}uber and Ferrada, 
                         Gonzalo A. and Campos Velho, Haroldo Fraga de and Menezes, Isilda 
                         and Freira, Julliana L. and Alonso, Marcelo F. and G{\'a}cita, 
                         Madeleine S{\'a}nchez and Zarzur, Maur{\'{\i}}cio and Fonseca, 
                         Rafael M. and Lima, Rafael Stockler and Siqueira, Ricardo A. and 
                         Braz, Rodrigo and Tomita, Simone and Oliveira, Valter and Martins, 
                         Leila D.",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Tecnol{\'o}gico de Aeron{\'a}utica (ITA)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Estadual Paulista 
                         (UNESP)} and {Universidade Federal de S{\~a}o Paulo (UNIFESP)} 
                         and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Universidade de 
                         S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Universidade Federal de Campina Grande 
                         (UFCG)} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Embrapa 
                         Inform{\'a}tica Agropecu{\'a}ria} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Federal de S{\~a}o 
                         Paulo (UNIFESP)} and {Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte 
                         (UFRN)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Universidade Federal de S{\~a}o Jo{\~a}o del-Rei} 
                         and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo (USP)} and {Instituto Nacional 
                         de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade de {\'E}vora} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal de Pelotas} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Tecnol{\'o}gica Federal do 
                         Paran{\'a} (UFTP)}",
                title = "The Brazilian developments on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling 
                         System (BRAMS 5.2): an integrated environmental model tuned for 
                         tropical areas",
              journal = "Geoscientific Model Development",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "10",
                pages = "189--222",
                month = "Jan.",
             abstract = "We present a new version of the Brazilian developments on the 
                         Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (BRAMS), in which different 
                         previous versions for weather, chemistry, and carbon cycle were 
                         unified in a single integrated modeling system software. This new 
                         version also has a new set of state-of-the-art physical 
                         parameterizations and greater computational parallel and memory 
                         usage efficiency. The description of the main model features 
                         includes several examples illustrating the quality of the 
                         transport scheme for scalars, radiative fluxes on surface, and 
                         model simulation of rainfall systems over South America at 
                         different spatial resolutions using a scale aware convective 
                         parameterization. Additionally, the simulation of the diurnal 
                         cycle of the convection and carbon dioxide concentration over the 
                         Amazon Basin, as well as carbon dioxide fluxes from biogenic 
                         processes over a large portion of South America, are shown. 
                         Atmospheric chemistry examples show the model performance in 
                         simulating near-surface carbon monoxide and ozone in the Amazon 
                         Basin and the megacity of Rio de Janeiro. For tracer transport and 
                         dispersion, the model capabilities to simulate the volcanic ash 
                         3-D redistribution associated with the eruption of a Chilean 
                         volcano are demonstrated. The gain of computational efficiency is 
                         described in some detail. BRAMS has been applied for research and 
                         operational forecasting mainly in South America. Model results 
                         from the operational weather forecast of BRAMS on 5km grid spacing 
                         in the Center for Weather Forecasting and Climate Studies, 
                         INPE/Brazil, since 2013 are used to quantify the model skill of 
                         near-surface variables and rainfall. The scores show the 
                         reliability of BRAMS for the tropical and subtropical areas of 
                         South America. Requirements for keeping this modeling system 
                         competitive regarding both its functionalities and skills are 
                         discussed. Finally, we highlight the relevant contribution of this 
                         work to building a South American community of model developers.",
                  doi = "10.5194/gmd-10-189-2017",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-189-2017",
                 issn = "1991-959X",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "freitas_brazilian.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"
}


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