author = "Mariano, Samantha de F{\'a}tima Magalh{\~a}es and Ueda, 
                         M{\'a}rio and Oliveira, Rog{\'e}rio de Moraes and Mitma Pillaca, 
                         Elver Juan de Dios and Santos, Nazir Monteiro dos",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                title = "Magnetic-field enhanced plasma immersion ion implantation and 
                         deposition (PIII\&D) of diamond-like carbon films inside tubes",
              journal = "Surface and Coatings Technology",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "312",
                pages = "47--54",
                month = "Feb.",
             keywords = "Diamond-like carbon, Hollow cathode discharge, Magnetic field, 
                         Plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition, Tube.",
             abstract = "The present work deals with Diamond-like Carbon (DLC) films 
                         deposition inside metallic tubes using magnetic field generated in 
                         a PIII\&D system. Firstly, the features of plasma discharges with 
                         the magnetic field application were studied using different 
                         feeding gases as nitrogen, methane and acetylene. The experimental 
                         results demonstrate that a stable hollow cathode discharge can be 
                         established inside the tubes as the magnetic field is applied. The 
                         discharge breakdown is strongly affected by the presence of the 
                         magnetic field during the treatment. Secondly, PIII\&D 
                         experiments regarding DLC films deposition inside the inner 
                         surface of the tubes are also described and those ones enhanced by 
                         the applied magnetic field are emphasized. The sample tubes used 
                         in both experimental stages are of austenitic stainless steel with 
                         150 mm in length and different diameters: 110 mm, 40 mm and 20 mm. 
                         For the case of DLC deposition, polished steel samples were fixed 
                         in the bottom of the inner tube wall for subsequent analysis of 
                         the coatings. The as-coated DLC samples surface were analyzed by 
                         Raman Spectroscopy, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), 
                         Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), optical profilometry and also 
                         pin-on-disk tests. The properties of the obtained DLC films are 
                         correlated to the magnetic field used during the PIII\&D process. 
                         In this work, the optimal range of magnetic field intensity is 
                         shown for depositing DLC films with acceptable adhesion strength 
                         on the inner surface of steel tubes.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.08.077",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.08.077",
                 issn = "0257-8972",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "mariano_magnetic.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 jan. 2021"