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@Article{BatistaCaSoAbArReSa:2017:RoMeWi,
               author = "Batista, Inez Staciarini and Candido, Claudia Maria Nicoli and 
                         Souza, Jonas Rodrigues de and Abdu, Mangalathayil Ali and 
                         Ara{\'u}jo, R. C. de and Resende, Laysa Cristina Ara{\'u}jo and 
                         Santos, A. M.",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Universidade Federal de Roraima (UFRR)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "F-3 layer development during quiet and disturbed periods as 
                         observed at conjugate locations in Brazil: the role of the 
                         meridional wind",
              journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "122",
               number = "2",
                pages = "2361--2373",
                month = "Feb.",
             abstract = "In this work we use ionospheric data from two low-latitude 
                         stations located north and south of the geomagnetic equator, at 
                         approximately the same magnetic longitude, in order to study the 
                         occurrence of the F-3 layer. The location of the stations being at 
                         almost geomagnetically conjugate points is such that the effects 
                         of the electric field/vertical plasma drift and diffusion will be 
                         almost symmetric around the magnetic equator. Under this 
                         configuration it is possible to deduce the effect of meridional 
                         wind in the F-3 layer occurrence. Our results show that during the 
                         December solstice the layer will be present at the Southern 
                         Hemisphere (SH) location in 97% of the days and in the Northern 
                         Hemisphere (NH) location in only 4% of the days. In the June 
                         solstice the situation is reversed with the occurrence in the NH 
                         being 82% and 16% in the SH. For the March equinox the occurrence 
                         is low at both locations (4% in NH and 7% in SH), being mainly 
                         present during magnetically disturbed periods. The analysis of the 
                         effective meridional wind based on the Horizontal Wind Model and 
                         on the asymmetry of the F layer peak height observed at the two 
                         locations confirms the ubiquitous role of the wind in the F-3 
                         layer formation and/or persistence during both quiet and disturbed 
                         periods. The B0 parameter, that is a measure of the thickness of 
                         the bottomside F region profile, revealed to be a good proxy for 
                         the F-3 layer occurrence.",
                  doi = "10.1002/2016JA023724",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023724",
                 issn = "2169-9380",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "batista_f3.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "27 nov. 2020"
}


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