author = "Zemp, Delphine Clara and Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich and Barbosa, 
                         Henrique M. J. and Hirota, Marina and Montade, Vicent and 
                         Oliveira, Gilvan Sampaio de and Staal, Arie and Wang-Erlandsson, 
                         Lang and Ramming, Anja",
          affiliation = "{Humboldt Universit{\"a}t zu Berlin} and {Potsdam Institute for 
                         Climate Impact Research} and {Universidade de S{\~a}o Paulo 
                         (USP)} and {Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)} and 
                         Georg-August-University and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Wageningen University} and {Delft 
                         University of Technology} and {Potsdam Institute for Climate 
                         Impact Research}",
                title = "Self-amplified Amazon forest loss due to vegetation-atmosphere 
              journal = "Nature Communications",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "8",
                month = "Mar.",
             abstract = "Reduced rainfall increases the risk of forest dieback, while in 
                         return forest loss might intensify regional droughts. The 
                         consequences of this vegetation-atmosphere feedback for the 
                         stability of the Amazon forest are still unclear. Here we show 
                         that the risk of self-amplified Amazon forest loss increases 
                         nonlinearly with dry-season intensification. We apply a novel 
                         complex-network approach, in which Amazon forest patches are 
                         linked by observation-based atmospheric water fluxes. Our results 
                         suggest that the risk of self-amplified forest loss is reduced 
                         with increasing heterogeneity in the response of forest patches to 
                         reduced rainfall. Under dry-season Amazonian rainfall reductions, 
                         comparable to Last Glacial Maximum conditions, additional forest 
                         loss due to self-amplified effects occurs in 10-13% of the Amazon 
                         basin. Although our findings do not indicate that the projected 
                         rainfall changes for the end of the twenty-first century will lead 
                         to complete Amazon dieback, they suggest that frequent extreme 
                         drought events have the potential to destabilize large parts of 
                         the Amazon forest.",
                  doi = "10.1038/ncomms14681",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14681",
                 issn = "2041-1723",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "zemp_self.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "17 abr. 2021"