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@Article{JäkelWKEKJVCMACKAPRY:2017:VeDiPa,
               author = "J{\"a}kel, Evelyn and Wendisch, Manfred and Krisna, Trismono C. 
                         and Ewald, Florian and K{\"o}ling, Tobias and Jukar, Tina and 
                         Voigt, Christiane and Cecchini, Micael Amore and Machado, Luiz 
                         Augusto Toledo and Afchine, Armin and Costa, Anja and Kr{\"a}mer, 
                         Martina and Andreae, Meinrat O. and P{\"o}schl, Ulrich and 
                         Rosenfeld, Daniel and Yuan, Tianle",
          affiliation = "{University of Leipzig} and {University of Leipzig} and 
                         {University of Leipzig} and {Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich} 
                         and {Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich} and {Deutsches Zentrum 
                         f{\"u}r Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)} and {Deutsches Zentrum f{\"u}r 
                         Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and Institute for Energy and Climate Research – 
                         Stratosphere (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum J{\"u}lich and Institute 
                         for Energy and Climate Research – Stratosphere (IEK-7), 
                         Forschungszentrum J{\"u}lich and Institute for Energy and Climate 
                         Research – Stratosphere (IEK-7), Forschungszentrum J{\"u}lich and 
                         {Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (MPIC)} and {Max Planck 
                         Institute for Chemistry (MPIC)} and {The Hebrew University of 
                         Jerusalem} and {NASA Goddard Space Flight Center}",
                title = "Vertical distribution of the particle phase in tropical deep 
                         convective clouds as derived from cloud-side reflected solar 
                         radiation measurements",
              journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "17",
               number = "14",
                pages = "9049--9066",
                month = "July",
             abstract = "Vertical profiles of cloud particle phase in tropical deep 
                         convective clouds (DCCs) were investigated using airborne solar 
                         spectral radiation data collected by the German High Altitude and 
                         Long Range Research Aircraft (HALO) during the ACRIDICON-CHUVA 
                         campaign, which was conducted over the Brazilian rainforest in 
                         September 2014. A phase discrimination retrieval based on imaging 
                         spectroradiometer measurements of DCC side spectral re- flectivity 
                         was applied to clouds formed in different aerosol conditions. From 
                         the retrieval results the height of the mixedphase layer of the 
                         DCCs was determined. The retrieved pro- files were compared with 
                         in situ measurements and satellite observations. It was found that 
                         the depth and vertical position of the mixed-phase layer can vary 
                         up to 900 m for one single cloud scene. This variability is 
                         attributed to the different stages of cloud development in a 
                         scene. Clouds of mature or decaying stage are affected by falling 
                         ice particles resulting in lower levels of fully glaciated cloud 
                         layers compared to growing clouds. Comparing polluted and moderate 
                         aerosol conditions revealed a shift of the lower boundary of the 
                         mixed-phase layer from 5.6 ± 0.2 km (269 K; moderate) to 6.2 ± 0.3 
                         km (267 K; polluted), and of the upper boundary from 6.8 ± 0.2 km 
                         (263 K; moderate) to 7.4 ± 0.4 km (259 K; polluted), as would be 
                         expected from theory.",
                  doi = "10.5194/acp-17-9049-2017",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-9049-2017",
                 issn = "1680-7316 and 1680-7324",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "jakel_vertical.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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