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@Article{CelentanoRMVMCMBFNAGRM:2017:ToZeDe,
               author = "Celentano, Danielle and Rousseau, Guillaume X. and Muniz, 
                         Francisca Helena and Varga, Istv{\'a}n van Deursen and Martinez, 
                         Carlos and Carneiro, Marcelo Sampaio and Miranda, Magda V. C. and 
                         Barros, M{\'a}rcia N. R. and Freitas, Luciana and Narvaes, Igor 
                         da Silva and Adami, Marcos and Gomes, Alessandra Rodrigues and 
                         Rodrigues, Jane C. and Martins, Marl{\'u}cia B.",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Estadual do Maranh{\~a}o (UEMA)} and {Universidade 
                         Estadual do Maranh{\~a}o (UEMA)} and {Universidade Estadual do 
                         Maranh{\~a}o (UEMA)} and {Universidade Federal do Maranh{\~a}o 
                         (UFMA)} and {Universidade Federal do Maranh{\~a}o (UFMA)} and 
                         {Universidade Federal do Maranh{\~a}o (UFMA)} and 
                         Funda{\c{c}}{\~a}o de Ci{\^e}ncia, Aplica{\c{c}}{\~o}es e 
                         Tecnologias Espaciais (FUNCATE) and Funda{\c{c}}{\~a}o de 
                         Ci{\^e}ncia, Aplica{\c{c}}{\~o}es e Tecnologias Espaciais 
                         (FUNCATE) and {Instituto Chico Mendes de Conserva{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         da Biodiversidade (ICMBIO)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Secretaria de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais do Maranh{\~a}o 
                         (SEMA)} and {Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi (MPEG)}",
                title = "Towards zero deforestation and forest restoration in the Amazon 
                         region of Maranh{\~a}o state, Brazil",
              journal = "Land Use Policy",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "68",
                pages = "692--698",
                month = "Nov.",
             keywords = "AmazoniaZero deforestationRestorationSecondary 
                         forestsEcological-economic zoning.",
             abstract = "The Amazon forest in the state of Maranh{\~a}o ensures ecosystem 
                         services that directly and indirectly affect the life quality of 
                         its population and economy, via hydrologic and climatic 
                         regulation, among other benefits. Currently, only 25% of the 
                         original forest cover (24.7 thousand km2) remains while illegal 
                         deforestation persists in a violent process that provokes visible 
                         social, economic and environmental harm. Simultaneously, 
                         Maranh{\~a}o has seen record levels of burning, faces a water 
                         shortage and fights against the worst social and economic 
                         indicators in the country. Conversely, secondary vegetation covers 
                         19.9 thousand km2 (27% of deforested area) and is completely 
                         unprotected. Contrary to the international commitments assumed by 
                         Brazil to combat deforestation and restore forests, some of the 
                         political representatives of Maranh{\~a}o have sought legal 
                         mechanisms to further diminish forest cover in public and private 
                         areas. To promote the conservation and restoration of 
                         Maranh{\~a}o Amazon Forest, a multi-institutional network of 
                         researchers was established in 2015. This viewpoint paper aims to 
                         draw attention to this endangered region of the Brazilian Amazon 
                         and give science-oriented recommendations to policy makers in 
                         order to avoid more setbacks. We argue that Maranh{\~a}o state 
                         must urgently establish a policy of Zero Deforestation, protect 
                         secondary forests and comply with the national forest restoration 
                         policy, thus ensuring long-term economic sustainability.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.07.041",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.07.041",
                 issn = "0264-8377 and 1873-5754",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "celentano_towards.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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