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@Article{ClementiniERMMGSPLMRSMAPBBVBBBBEJJKLLMPPRSSSVLWAACDHKLOGHHPPBCCCCAFGHJMMMNOPPRRSTTTEGCGLMAAABBBBBCCCCCDRTDDDFGGHHHHHHHHJJKKLMMMOPPPRRSSSSTRVAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCDDDDDCFLLMSDPDDDDDDDDDDDEEEBFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGHHHHHHHHHHHIIFJJJJKKKKKKKKKKBLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMNNNNOOOPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSTTTTTTTTTUUVEVLVVVVVVVVVWWWWWYZZZZAAAAAAABBBBBBBBBBBBBBBCCCCCDBTZDDDFFFFFGGGGGGGGHHIPJJJKKKKKKKKKLLLLMMMMMMMMNNOOOOOOOPPPPPPPPPPRRRRRRRSSSSSSSSSLTTTTTTVVVVVVWWWZZC:2017:TePaLo,
               author = "Clementini, G. and Eyer, L. and Ripepi, V. and Marconi, M. and 
                         Muraveva, T. and Garofalo, A. and Sarro, L. M. and Palmer, M. and 
                         Luri, X. and Molinaro, R. and Rimoldini, L. and Szabados, L. and 
                         Musella, I. and Anderson, R. I. and Prusti, T. and de Bruijne, J. 
                         H. J. and Brown, A. G. A. and Vallenari, A. and Babusiaux, C. and 
                         Bailer-Jones, C. A. L. and Bastian, U. and Biermann, M. and Evans, 
                         D. W. and Jansen, F. and Jordi, C. and Klioner, S. A. and Lammers, 
                         U. and Lindegren, L. and Mignard, F. and Panem, C. and Pourbaix, 
                         D. and Randich, S. and Sartoretti, P. and Siddiqui, H. I. and 
                         Soubiran, C. and Valette, V. and van Leeuwen, F. and Walton, N. A. 
                         and Aerts, C. and Arenou, F. and Cropper, M. and Drimmel, R. and 
                         Hog, E. and Katz, D. and Lattanzi, M. G. and O'Mullane, W. and 
                         Grebel, E. K. and Holland, A. D. and Huc, C. and Passot, X. and 
                         Perryman, M. and Bramante, L. and Cacciari, C. and Castaneda, J. 
                         and Chaoul, L. and Cheek, N. and De Angeli, F. and Fabricius, C. 
                         and Guerra, R. and Hernandez, J. and Jean-Antoine-Piccolo, A. and 
                         Masana, E. and Messineo, R. and Mowlavi, N. and Nienartowicz, K. 
                         and Ordonez-Blanco, D. and Panuzzo, P. and Portell, J. and 
                         Richards, P. J. and Riello, M. and Seabroke, G. M. and Tanga, P. 
                         and Thevenin, F. and Torra, J. and Els, S. G. and Gracia-Abril, G. 
                         and Comoretto, G. and Garcia-Reinaldos, M. and Lock, T. and 
                         Mercier, E. and Altmann, M. and Andrae, R. and Astraatmadja, T. L. 
                         and Bellas-Velidis, I. and Benson, K. and Berthier, J. and Blomme, 
                         R. and Busso, G. and Carry, B. and Cellino, A. and Cowell, S. and 
                         Creevey, O. and Cuypers, J. and Davidson, M. and De Ridder, J. and 
                         de Torres, A. and Delchambre, L. and Dell'Oro, A. and Ducourant, 
                         C. and Fremat, Y. and Garcia-Torres, M. and Gosset, E. and 
                         Halbwachs, J. -L. and Hambly, N. C. and Harrison, D. L. and 
                         Hauser, M. and Hestroffer, D. and Hodgkin, S. T. and Huckle, H. E. 
                         and Hutton, A. and Jasniewicz, G. and Jordan, S. and Kontizas, M. 
                         and Korn, A. J. and Lanzafame, A. C. and Manteiga, M. and 
                         Moitinho, A. and Muinonen, K. and Osinde, J. and Pancino, E. and 
                         Pauwels, T. and Petit, J. -M. and Recio-Blanco, A. and Robin, A. 
                         C. and Siopis, C. and Smith, M. and Smith, K. W. and Sozzetti, A. 
                         and Thuillot, W. and van Reeven, W. and Viala, Y. and Abbas, U. 
                         and Abreu Aramburu, A. and Accart, S. and Aguado, J. J. and Allan, 
                         P. M. and Allasia, W. and Altavilla, G. and Alvarez, M. A. and 
                         Alves, J. and Andrei, A. H. and Anglada Varela, E. and Antiche, E. 
                         and Antojal, T. and Anton, S. and Arcay, B. and Bach, N. and 
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                         and Barbier, A. and Barblan, F. and Barrado y Navascues, D. and 
                         Barros, M. and Barstow, M. A. and Becciani, U. and Bellazzini, M. 
                         and Bello Garcia, A. and Belokurov, V. and Bendjoya, P. and 
                         Berihuete, A. and Bianchi, L. and Bienayme, O. and Billebaud, F. 
                         and Blagorodnova, N. and Blanco-Cuaresma, S. and Boch, T. and 
                         Bombrun, A. and Borrachero, R. and Bouquillon, S. and Bourda, G. 
                         and Bragaglia, A. and Breddels, M. A. and Brouillet, N. and 
                         Bruesemeister, T. and Bucciarelli, B. and Burgess, P. and Burgon, 
                         R. and Burlacu, A. and Busonero, D. and Buzzi, R. and Caffau, E. 
                         and Cambras, J. and Campbell, H. and Cancelliere, R. and 
                         Cantat-Gaudin, T. and Carlucci, T. and Carrasco, J. M. and 
                         Castellani, M. and Charlot, P. and Charnas, J. and Chiavassa, A. 
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                         and David, M. and De Cat, P. and de Felice, F. and de Laverny, P. 
                         and De Luise, F. and De March, R. and de Souza, R. and Debosscher, 
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                         E. and Di Matteo, P. and Diakite, S. and Distefano, E. and 
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                         and Hobbs, D. and Hofmann, W. and Holl, B. and Holland, G. and 
                         Hunt, J. A. S. and Hypki, A. and Icardi, V. and Irwin, M. and de 
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                         Jorissen, A. and Julbe, F. and Karampelas, A. and Kochoska, A. and 
                         Kohley, R. and Kolenberg, K. and Kontizas, E. and Koposov, S. E. 
                         and Kordopatis, G. and Koubsky, P. and Krone-Martins, A. and 
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                         Lanza, A. F. and Lavigne, J. -B. and Le Poncin-Lafitte, C. and 
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                         Lecoeur-Taibi, I. and Lemaitre, V. and Lenhardt, H. and Leroux, F. 
                         and Liao, S. and Licata, E. and Lindstrom, H. E. P. and Lister, T. 
                         A. and Livanou, E. and Lobel, A. and Loeffler, W. and Lopez, M. 
                         and Lorenz, D. and MacDonald, I. and Magalhaes Fernandes, T. and 
                         Managau, S. and Mann, R. G. and Mantelet, G. and Marchal, O. and 
                         Marchant, J. M. and Marinoni, S. and Marrese, P. M. and 
                         Marschalko, G. and Marsha, D. J. and Martin-Fleitas, J. M. and 
                         Martino, M. and Mary, N. and Matijevic, G. and McMillan, P. J. and 
                         Messina, S. and Michalik, D. and Millar, N. R. and Miranda, B. M. 
                         H. and Molina, D. and Molinaro, M. and Molnar, L. and Monicz, M. 
                         and Montegriffo, P. and Mor, R. and Mora, A. and Morbidelli, R. 
                         and Morel, T. and Morgenthaler, S. and Morris, D. and Mulone, A. 
                         F. and Narbonne, J. and Nelemans, G. and Nicastro, L. and Noval, 
                         L. and Ordenovic, C. and Ordieres-Mere, J. and Osborne, P. and 
                         Pagani, C. and Pagano, I. and Pailler, F. and Palacin, H. and 
                         Palaversa, L. and Parsons, P. and Pecoraro, M. and Pedrosa, R. and 
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                         F. -X. and Plachy, E. and Plum, G. and Poujoulet, E. and Prsa, A. 
                         and Pulone, L. and Ragaini, S. and Rago, S. and Rambaux, N. and 
                         Ramos-Lerate, M. and Ranalli, P. and Rauw, G. and Read, A. and 
                         Regibo, S. and Reyle, C. and Ribeiro, R. A. and Riva, A. and 
                         Rixon, G. and Roelens, M. and Romero-Gomez, M. and Rowell, N. and 
                         Royer, F. and Ruiz-Dern, L. and Sadowski, G. and Selles, T. 
                         Sagrista and Sahlmann, J. and Salgado, J. and Salguero, E. and 
                         Sarasso, M. and Savietto, H. and Schultheis, M. and Sciacca, E. 
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                         and Van Hemelryck, E. and van Leeuwen, M. and Varadi, M. and 
                         Vecchiato, A. and Veljanoski, J. and Via, T. and Vicente, D. and 
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                         Walmsley, G. and Weiler, M. and Weingrill, K. and Wevers, T. and 
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                         D. and Liu, C. and Loreggia, D. and Makarov, V. V. and Marseille, 
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                         Meynadier, F. and Mignot, S. and Munari, U. and Nguyen, A. -T. and 
                         Nordlander, T. and O'Flaherty, K. S. and Ocvirk, P. and Olias 
                         Sanz, A. and Ortiz, P. and Osorio, J. and Oszkiewicz, D. and 
                         Ouzounis, A. and Park, P. and Pasquato, E. and Peltzer, C. and 
                         Peralta, J. and Peturaud, F. and Pieniluoma, T. and Pigozzi, E. 
                         and Poels, J. and Prat, G. and Prod'homme, T. and Raison, F. and 
                         Rebordao, J. M. and Risquez, D. and Rocca-Volmerange, B. and 
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                         Vizcaino, I. and Short, A. and Siebert, A. and Silva, H. and 
                         Sinachopoulos, D. and Slezak, E. and Soffel, M. and Sosnowska, D. 
                         and Straizys, V. and ter Linden, M. and Terrell, D. and Theil, S. 
                         and Tiede, C. and Troisi, L. and Tsalmantza, P. and Tur, D. and 
                         Vaccari, M. and Vachier, F. and Valles, P. and Van Hamme, W. and 
                         Veltz, L. and Virtanen, J. and Wallut, J. -M. and Wichmann, R. and 
                         Wilkinson, M. I. and Ziaeepour, H. and Zschocke, S. and 
                         Collaboration, Gaia",
          affiliation = "INAF, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 
                         Bologna, Italy. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 
                         51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 
                         Naples, Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via Piero 
                         Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.; 
                         Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Fis \& Astron, Via Piero Gobetti 93-2, 
                         I-40129 Bologna, Italy. and UNED, Dpto Inteligencia Artificial, C 
                         Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain. and Univ Barcelona, Inst 
                         Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti 
                         Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy. and Univ 
                         Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, 
                         Switzerland. and Hungarian Acad Sci, Res Ctr Astron \& Earth Sci, 
                         Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege Miklosut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, 
                         Hungary. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 
                         16, I-80131 Naples, Italy. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.; Johns Hopkins Univ, 
                         Dept Phys \& Astron, 3400 N Charles St, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA. 
                         and European Space Res \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, 
                         Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. 
                         and European Space Res \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, 
                         Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. 
                         and Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA 
                         Leiden, Netherlands. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo 
                         Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy. and Univ Paris Diderot, 
                         Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl 
                         Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Max Planck Inst Astron, 
                         Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany. and Heidelberg Univ, 
                         Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 
                         Heidelberg, Germany. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, 
                         Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. 
                         and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, 
                         England. and European Space Res \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Mission 
                         Operat Div, Operat Dept, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ 
                         Noordwijk, Netherlands. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, 
                         IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Tech Univ 
                         Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany. 
                         and European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, 
                         Madrid 28692, Spain. and Lund Univ, Dept Astron \& Theoret Phys, 
                         Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden. and Univ Nice Sophia 
                         Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 
                         Nice, France. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard 
                         Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst 
                         Astron \& Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, 
                         Belgium.; FRS FNRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium. and 
                         INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 
                         Florence, Italy. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, 
                         GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 
                         Meudon, France. and Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo 
                         Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab 
                         Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, France. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. 
                         and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, 
                         England. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge 
                         CB3 OHA, England. and {} and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, 
                         CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, 
                         F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci 
                         Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. 
                         and Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Juliane Manes Vej 30, 
                         DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, 
                         CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, 
                         F-92190 Meudon, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and European Space 
                         Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, 
                         Spain. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, 
                         Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. and Open Univ, 
                         Dept Phys Sci, Ctr Elect Imaging, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 
                         6AA, Bucks, England. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave 
                         Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. 
                         and European Space Res \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, 
                         Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. 
                         and ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 
                         Bologna, Italy. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, 
                         Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. 
                         and Serco Gestion Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, 
                         Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley 
                         Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies 
                         Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and 
                         European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, 
                         Madrid 28692, Spain. and European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, 
                         Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. 
                         and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 
                         1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 
                         Turin, Italy. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, 
                         CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ Geneva, Dept 
                         Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ 
                         Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne 
                         Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ 
                         Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain. and STFC, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot, 
                         Oxon, England. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, 
                         Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Coll London, Mullard Space 
                         Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England. and Univ Nice Sophia 
                         Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 
                         Nice, France. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ 
                         Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and Univ 
                         Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, 
                         Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.; 
                         ESAC, Gaia DPAC Project Off, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, 
                         Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.; ESAC, Gaia DPAC Project 
                         Off, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Telespazio 
                         Vega UK Ltd, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, 
                         Spain. and European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo 
                         Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and European Space Astron Ctr 
                         ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and 
                         Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 
                         12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.; ESAC, Gaia DPAC Project Off, 
                         Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Heidelberg 
                         Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 
                         Heidelberg, Germany.; UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, SYRTE,Observ 
                         Paris,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, 
                         France. and {} and Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 
                         Heidelberg, Germany. and Natl Observ Athens, Athens 15236, Greece. 
                         and Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, 
                         Surrey, England. and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ Paris, IMCCE,PSL 
                         Res Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France. and Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 
                         B-1180 Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, 
                         Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Nice Sophia 
                         Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 
                         Nice, France.; UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ Paris, IMCCE,PSL Res 
                         Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 
                         34229, F-06304 Nice, France.; Univ Paris XI, CNRS, Inst Astrophys 
                         Spatiale, UMR 8617, Batiment 121, F-91405 Orsay, France. and Royal 
                         Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium. and Univ 
                         Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh 
                         EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland. and Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst 
                         Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. and 
                         ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys \& Geophys, 
                         19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy. 
                         and Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 
                         Pessac, France. and Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 
                         Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Pablo Olavide, Area Lenguajes \& 
                         Sistemas Informat, Ctra Utrera,Km 1, Seville 141013, Spain. and 
                         FRS FNRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.; Univ Liege, 
                         Inst Astrophys \& Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, 
                         Belgium. and Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astronom Strasbourg, 
                         UMR 7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France. and Univ 
                         Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh 
                         EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, 
                         Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England.; Univ Cambridge, Kavli 
                         Inst Cosmol, Madingley Rd, Cambride CB3 OHA, England. and 
                         Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 
                         12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, 
                         Observ Paris, IMCCE,PSL Res Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 
                         Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, 
                         England. and ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, 
                         Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Montpellier, Lab Univers \& 
                         Particules Montpellier, Pl Eugene Bataillon CC72, F-34095 
                         Montpellier 05, France. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, 
                         Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. 
                         and Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron \& Mech, Athens 15783, 
                         Greece. and Uppsala Univ, Div Astron \& Space Phys, Dept Phys \& 
                         Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden. and Univ Catania, 
                         Dipartimento Fis \& Astron, Sezione Astrofis, Via S Sofia 78, 
                         I-95123 Catania, Italy.; INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via 
                         S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy. and Univ A Coruna, Fac 
                         Informat, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain. and Univ 
                         Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and 
                         Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, Finland.; 
                         Finnish Geospatial Res Inst FGI, Geodeetinrinne 2, Masala 02430, 
                         Finland. and Isdefe, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo 
                         Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.; ASI Sci Data Ctr, Via 
                         Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy. and Royal Observ Belgium, 
                         Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Bourgogne Franche 
                         Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte 
                         Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France. and Univ Nice Sophia 
                         Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 
                         Nice, France. and Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM 
                         UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, 
                         France. and Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron \& Astrophys, CP 
                         226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Coll London, 
                         Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England. and Max 
                         Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany. 
                         and {} and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ Paris, IMCCE,PSL Res 
                         Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France. and ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo 
                         Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ 
                         Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules 
                         Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and 
                         Elecnor Deimos Space, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave 
                         Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and UNED, Dpto 
                         Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain. and 
                         STFC, Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot, Oxon, England. and EURIX 
                         Srl, Via Carcano 26, I-10153 Turin, Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. 
                         and Univ A Coruna, Fac Informat, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 
                         15071, Spain. and Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, 
                         A-1180 Vienna, Austria. and Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, 
                         D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.; UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, 
                         SYRTE,Observ Paris,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France.; ON MCTI BR, Rua Gal Jose Cristino 77, 
                         BR-20921400 Rio De Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.; OV UFRJ BR, Ladeira Pedro 
                         Antonio 43, BR-20080090 Rio De Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. and Serco 
                         Gestion Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain.; Isdefe, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, 
                         Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and European Space Res 
                         \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, Directorate Sci, 
                         Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. and Univ Porto, 
                         Dept Matemat Aplicada, Fac Ciencias, Rua Campo Alegre 687, 
                         P-4169007 Oporto, Portugal.; Univ Nova, Inst Astrofis \& Ciencias 
                         Espaco, Fac Ciencias, P-PT1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and Univ A 
                         Coruna, Fac Informat, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain. 
                         and ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking 
                         RH5 6NT, Surrey, England. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies 
                         Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and 
                         UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, SYRTE,Observ Paris,PSL Res 
                         Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France. and Univ 
                         Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and Ctr 
                         Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Ctr Astrobiol, 
                         Dept Astrofis, CSIC INTA, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, 
                         Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, 
                         P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and Univ Leicester, Dept Phys \& 
                         Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, 
                         Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 
                         93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. and Univ Oviedo, Campus Univ, Gijon 
                         33203, Spain. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, 
                         Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab 
                         Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. 
                         and Univ Cadiz, Avd Univ, Cadiz 11002, Spain. and EURIX Srl, Via 
                         Carcano 26, I-10153 Turin, Italy. and Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, 
                         Observ Astronom Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 
                         Strasbourg, France. and Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys 
                         Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, France. and Univ Cambridge, Inst 
                         Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Geneva, 
                         Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.; 
                         Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, 
                         France. and Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astronom Strasbourg, UMR 
                         7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France. and ESA ESAC, HE 
                         Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. 
                         and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 
                         1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, 
                         SYRTE,Observ Paris,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France. and Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys 
                         Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, France. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. 
                         and Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD 
                         Groningen, Netherlands. and Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys 
                         Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, France. and Heidelberg Univ, 
                         Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 
                         Heidelberg, Germany. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Open 
                         Univ, Dept Phys Sci, Ctr Elect Imaging, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes 
                         MK7 6AA, Bucks, England. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave 
                         Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. 
                         and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 
                         Pino Torinese, Italy. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, 
                         GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 
                         Meudon, France. and Univ Catalunya, Consorci Serv, C Gran 
                         Capita,2-4 3rd floor, Barcelona 08034, Spain. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Turin, Dept Comp Sci, Corso Svizzera 185, I-10149 Turin, Italy. 
                         and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 
                         I-35122 Padua, Italy. and UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, SYRTE,Observ 
                         Paris,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, 
                         France. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti 
                         Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy. and Univ Bordeaux, 
                         CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, France. and 
                         Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, 
                         Switzerland. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ 
                         Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and Univ 
                         Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via 
                         Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. and Univ Edinburgh, 
                         Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, 
                         Midlothian, Scotland. and Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels 
                         Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands. and Univ Paris Diderot, 
                         Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl 
                         Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ Edinburgh, Inst 
                         Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, 
                         Midlothian, Scotland. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and ESA ESAC, HE 
                         Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. 
                         and Univ A Coruna, Fac Informat, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 
                         15071, Spain. and Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys \& Geophys, 
                         19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.; CRAAG, Route Observ BP 
                         63 Bouzareah, Algiers 16340, Algeria. and Natl Observ Athens, 
                         Athens 15236, Greece. and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ Paris, 
                         IMCCE,PSL Res Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av Denfert 
                         Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France. and Univ Antwerp, 
                         Onderzoeksgroep Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, B-2020 
                         Antwerp, Belgium. and Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 
                         Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Padua, Dept Phys \& Astron, Via 
                         Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, 
                         Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, 
                         France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Teramo, Via Mentore Maggini, 
                         I-64100 Teramo, Italy. and ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 
                         Turin, Italy. and Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron, Geofis \& Ciencias 
                         Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP, 
                         Brazil. and Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, 
                         Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. and ESA ESAC, Aurora 
                         Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ 
                         Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 
                         34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, 
                         Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and UNED, Dpto 
                         Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain. and 
                         Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne 
                         Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ 
                         Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA 
                         Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, 
                         Italy. and Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 
                         6NT, Surrey, England. and Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron, Geofis \& 
                         Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao 
                         Paulo, SP, Brazil. and Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron \& 
                         Mech, Athens 15783, Greece. and Isdefe, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo 
                         Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Tel Aviv Univ, Dept Geosci, 
                         IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.; Univ Amsterdam, Astron Inst Anton 
                         Pannekoek, POB 94249, NL-1090 GE Amsterdam, Netherlands. and 
                         Uppsala Univ, Div Astron \& Space Phys, Dept Phys \& Astron, Box 
                         516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden. and Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam 
                         AIP, An Der Stern warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany. and Univ 
                         Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. 
                         and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, 
                         F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, ATOS, CNES, 
                         18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and ASI Sci Data 
                         Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.; INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Teramo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy. and 
                         UNINOVA CTS, Campus FCT UNL, P-2829516 Caparica, Portugal. and 
                         Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via 
                         Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. and Univ Helsinki, 
                         Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, Finland. and Serco Gestion 
                         Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, 
                         Spain.; UNINOVA CTS, Campus FCT UNL, P-2829516 Caparica, Portugal. 
                         and Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astronom Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 
                         11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France. and Univ Nice Sophia 
                         Antipolis, CNRS, Lab Geoazur, UMR 7329,Observ Cote Azur, 250 Rue A 
                         Einstein, F-06560 Valbonne, France. and Univ Barcelona, Inst 
                         Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy. and 
                         Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne 
                         Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and ALTEC 
                         Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy. and Max Planck Inst 
                         Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany. and ESA ESAC, 
                         RHEA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ 
                         Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. 
                         and Acad Sci Czech Republ, Astron Inst, Fricova 298, Ondiejov 
                         25165, Czech Republic. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 
                         Bologna, Italy. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, 
                         Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and Univ A 
                         Coruna, Fac Informat, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain. 
                         and UNED, Dpto Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 
                         28040, Spain. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, 
                         Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Univ Paris Diderot, 
                         Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl 
                         Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.; Natl Observ Athens, Athens 
                         15236, Greece.; Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron \& Mech, 
                         Athens 15783, Greece. and Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, An 
                         Der Stern warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany. and Tech Univ 
                         Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany. 
                         and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, 
                         England. and Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Ctr Nacl Super Computac, C 
                         Jordi Girona 29,Ed Nexus 2, Barcelona 08034, Spain. and ASI Sci 
                         Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy. and Univ Lisbon, 
                         CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and Univ La 
                         Rioja, Dept Mech Engn, C San Jose Calasanz 31, La Rioja 26004, 
                         Spain. and Serco Gestion Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo 
                         S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.; Univ Vigo, ETSE Telecomunicac, Campus 
                         Lagoas Marcosende, Vigo 36310, Spain. and Univ Barcelona, Inst 
                         Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 00014, 
                         Finland. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave 
                         Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Strasbourg, 
                         CNRS, Observ Astronom Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 
                         Strasbourg, France. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard 
                         Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Barcelona, Inst 
                         Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo 
                         S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ Paris Diderot, 
                         Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl 
                         Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Natl Observ Athens, 
                         Athens 15236, Greece.; Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron \& 
                         Mech, Athens 15783, Greece. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, 
                         CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, 
                         F-92190 Meudon, France. and Uppsala Univ, Div Astron \& Space 
                         Phys, Dept Phys \& Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden. and 
                         Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD 
                         Groningen, Netherlands. and Lund Univ, Dept Astron \& Theoret 
                         Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden. and Heidelberg 
                         Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 
                         Heidelberg, Germany. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, 
                         England. and Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 
                         CA Leiden, Netherlands. and ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 
                         Turin, Italy. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, 
                         Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ Cambridge, Inst 
                         Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England.; Univ Bordeaux, 
                         CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N, F-33615 Pessac, France. and 
                         Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL 
                         Nijmegen, Netherlands.; SRON Netherlands Inst Space Res, SRON, 
                         Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584 CA Utrecht, Netherlands. and Univ Libre 
                         Bruxelles, Inst Astron \& Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 
                         Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC 
                         UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Natl Observ 
                         Athens, Athens 15236, Greece.; Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron 
                         \& Mech, Athens 15783, Greece. and Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math \& 
                         Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia. and European 
                         Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, 
                         Spain. and Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, 
                         Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.; Univ Antwerp, Phys 
                         Dept, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.; Harvard 
                         Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA. 
                         and Natl Observ Athens, Athens 15236, Greece. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 
                         34229, F-06304 Nice, France.; Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, 
                         An Der Stern warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany. and Acad Sci 
                         Czech Republ, Astron Inst, Fricova 298, Ondiejov 25165, Czech 
                         Republic. and Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 
                         Lisbon, Portugal. and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ Paris, IMCCE,PSL 
                         Res Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France. and Lund Univ, Dept Astron \& Theoret 
                         Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S 
                         Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales 
                         Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and 
                         UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, SYRTE,Observ Paris,PSL Res 
                         Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France. and Univ 
                         Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne 
                         Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.; Univ 
                         Rennes 1, Inst Phys Rennes, F-35042 Rennes, France. and Univ 
                         Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, A-1180 Vienna, 
                         Austria. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 
                         16, I-80131 Naples, Italy. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, 
                         CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, 
                         F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 
                         Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, 
                         France. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, 
                         Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.; Chinese Acad Sci, 
                         Shanghai Astron Observ, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R 
                         China. and EURIX Srl, Via Carcano 26, I-10153 Turin, Italy. and 
                         Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Juliane Manes Vej 30, DK-2100 
                         Copenhagen, Denmark.; CSC Danmark A S, Retortvej 8, DK-2500 Valby, 
                         Denmark. and Las Cumbres Observ, Global Telescope Network Inc, 
                         6740 Cortona Dr,Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 USA. and Univ Athens, 
                         Dept Astrophys Astron \& Mech, Athens 15783, Greece. and Royal 
                         Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium. and 
                         Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 
                         12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. and Ctr Astrobiol, Dept 
                         Astrofis, CSIC INTA, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, 
                         A-1180 Vienna, Austria. and Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal 
                         Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland. 
                         and {} and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard 
                         Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Edinburgh, Inst 
                         Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, 
                         Midlothian, Scotland. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, 
                         Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. 
                         and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res 
                         Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, 
                         France. and Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 
                         Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England. and ASI Sci Data Ctr, Via 
                         Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.; INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy. and ASI Sci Data Ctr, 
                         Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.; INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy. and Hungarian Acad 
                         Sci, Res Ctr Astron \& Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege 
                         Miklosut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.; Univ Szeged, Baja 
                         Observ, Szegedi 3-70, H-6500 Baja, Hungary. and Univ Paris 
                         Diderot, CEA Saclay, Serv Astrophys, Lab AIM,IRFU,CEA DSM,CNRS,Bat 
                         709, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France. and ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, 
                         Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and ALTEC Spa, 
                         Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 
                         Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, 
                         France. and Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, An Der Stern warte 
                         16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany. and Lund Univ, Dept Astron \& 
                         Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, 
                         Italy. and Lund Univ, Dept Astron \& Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, 
                         Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, 
                         Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, 
                         FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and Univ Barcelona, 
                         Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Trieste, Via GB Tiepolo 11, 
                         I-34143 Trieste, Italy. and Hungarian Acad Sci, Res Ctr Astron \& 
                         Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege Miklosut 15-17, H-1121 
                         Budapest, Hungary. and Univ Paris 11, Univ Paris Saclay, Lab 
                         Accelerateur Lineaire, CNRS IN2P3, F-91898 Orsay, France. and 
                         INAF, Osservatorio Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 
                         Bologna, Italy. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, 
                         Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and ESA ESAC, Aurora 
                         Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino 
                         Torinese, Italy. and Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys \& Geophys, 
                         19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium. and Ecole Polytech Fed 
                         Lausanne, SB MATHAA STAP, MA B1 473 Batiment MA,Stn 8, CH-1015 
                         Lausanne, Switzerland. and Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal 
                         Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland. 
                         and ALTEC Spa, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy. and Ctr 
                         Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, 
                         Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.; Radboud Univ 
                         Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, 
                         Netherlands. and INAF, Ist Astrofis Spaziale \& Fis Cosm Bologna, 
                         Via Piero Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, 
                         Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and Tech 
                         Univ Madrid, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, Madrid 28006, Spain. and 
                         Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, 
                         England. and Univ Leicester, Dept Phys \& Astron, Univ Rd, 
                         Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England. and INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis 
                         Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. 
                         and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, 
                         F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Telespazio Vega 
                         UK Ltd, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. 
                         and EURIX Srl, Via Carcano 26, I-10153 Turin, Italy. and Ctr 
                         Spatial Toulouse, EQUERT Int, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, Helsinki 
                         00014, Finland. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, 
                         Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Teramo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, 
                         Italy. and Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astronom Strasbourg, UMR 
                         7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France. and Hungarian Acad 
                         Sci, Res Ctr Astron \& Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege 
                         Miklosut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary. and Univ Paris Diderot, 
                         Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl 
                         Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 
                         AKKA, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and 
                         Villanova Univ, Dept Astrophys \& Planetary Sci, 800 E Lancaster 
                         Ave, Villanova, PA 19085 USA. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, 
                         Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. 
                         and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 
                         Pino Torinese, Italy. and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ Paris, 
                         IMCCE,PSL Res Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av Denfert 
                         Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France. and Vitrociset Belgium, ESA 
                         ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and Lund 
                         Univ, Dept Astron \& Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 
                         Lund, Sweden. and Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys \& Geophys, 
                         19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium. and Univ Leicester, Dept 
                         Phys \& Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England. and 
                         Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 
                         B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. and Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, 
                         Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 
                         Besancon, France. and UNINOVA CTS, Campus FCT UNL, P-2829516 
                         Caparica, Portugal. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, 
                         Switzerland. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, 
                         Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Univ Edinburgh, Inst 
                         Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, 
                         Midlothian, Scotland. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, 
                         GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 
                         Meudon, France. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, 
                         GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 
                         Meudon, France. and Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron \& 
                         Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. and 
                         Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 
                         12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. and European Space Astron Ctr 
                         ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and 
                         Isdefe, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. 
                         and Isdefe, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, 
                         Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 
                         I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and Fork Res, Rua Cruzado Osberno,Lt 
                         1,9 Esq, Lisbon, Portugal. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab 
                         Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. 
                         and INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 
                         Catania, Italy. and APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS, Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 
                         CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Serco 
                         Gestion Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 
                         28692, Spain. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, 
                         CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ 
                         Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules 
                         Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Trieste, Via GB Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste, Italy. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino 
                         Torinese, Italy. and Ctr Astrobiol, Dept Astrofis, CSIC INTA, ESA 
                         ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.; Spanish 
                         Virtual Observ, San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain. and ALTEC Spa, 
                         Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy. and 
                         Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain. and UPMC, CNRS, Univ Paris 06, 
                         SYRTE,Observ Paris,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Univ, 61 Ave Observ, 
                         F-75014 Paris, France. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via 
                         Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and Univ Nice 
                         Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, 
                         F-06304 Nice, France. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, 
                         Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. 
                         and Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, Liverpool L3 
                         5RF, Merseyside, England. and Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, 
                         Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany. and Telespazio Vega UK 
                         Ltd, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and 
                         INAF, Fdn Galileo Galilei, Rambla Jose Ana Fernandez Perez 7, 
                         Brefia Baja 38712, Santa Cruz Tene, Spain. and Univ Cambridge, 
                         Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ 
                         Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, 
                         Switzerland. and Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys \& Geophys, 19c,Allee 
                         6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium. and Hungarian Acad Sci, Res Ctr 
                         Astron \& Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege Miklosut 
                         15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary. and ESA ESAC, INSA, Camino Bajo 
                         Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.; Univ Complutense Madrid, Dpto 
                         Arquitectura Comp \& Automat, Fac Informat, C-Prof Jose Garcia 
                         Santesmases S-N, Madrid 28040, Spain. and {} and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Bristol, HH Wills Phys Lab, Tyndall 
                         Ave, Bristol BS8 1TL, Avon, England. and Univ Sao Paulo, Inst 
                         Astron, Geofis \& Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, 
                         BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. and STFC, Rutherford Appleton 
                         Lab, Didcot, Oxon, England. and Aarhus Univ, Dept Phys \& Astron, 
                         Stellar Astrophys Ctr, 120 Ny Munkegade,Bldg 1520, DK-8000 Aarhus, 
                         Denmark. and Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, 
                         NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ 
                         Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules 
                         Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ Vigo, Appl Phys Dept, 
                         Vigo 36310, Spain. and ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo 
                         Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron 
                         Teramo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy. and Leiden 
                         Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, 
                         Netherlands. and Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 
                         Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, 
                         Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin 
                         Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.; Hungarian Acad Sci, 
                         Res Ctr Astron \& Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege 
                         Miklosut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. 
                         and Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD 
                         Groningen, Netherlands. and Univ Catalunya, Consorci Serv, C Gran 
                         Capita,2-4 3rd floor, Barcelona 08034, Spain. and Barcelona 
                         Supercomp Ctr, Ctr Nacl Super Computac, C Jordi Girona 29,Ed Nexus 
                         2, Barcelona 08034, Spain. and HE Space Operat BV, ESA ESTEC, 
                         Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. and Univ 
                         Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Acad Sci Czech Republ, Astron Inst, 
                         Fricova 298, Ondiejov 25165, Czech Republic. and Univ Edinburgh, 
                         Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, 
                         Midlothian, Scotland. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave 
                         Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Barcelona, 
                         Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, An Der Stern warte 
                         16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany. and Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept 
                         Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands. and 
                         Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, 
                         England.; Univ Warsaw Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, 
                         Poland. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge 
                         CB3 OHA, England. and Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math \& Phys, Jadranska 
                         Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia. and Tel Aviv Univ, Dept 
                         Geosci, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel. and Univ Montpellier, Lab 
                         Univers \& Particules Montpellier, Pl Eugene Bataillon CC72, 
                         F-34095 Montpellier 05, France. and Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math \& 
                         Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia. and Univ 
                         Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. 
                         and European Space Res \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, 
                         Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. 
                         and Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, 
                         Surrey, England.; Inst Astrofis Canarias, San Cristobal la Laguna 
                         38205, Tenerife, Spain.; Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, San 
                         Cristobal la Laguna 38206, Tenerife, Spain. and Univ Lisbon, 
                         CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and {} and Univ 
                         Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal. and 
                         European Space Res \& Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, 
                         Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands. 
                         and Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, 
                         Madrid 28692, Spain. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 
                         16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech 
                         Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, 
                         Germany. and Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote 
                         Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice, France. and Univ Nice Sophia 
                         Antipolis, Lab Lagrange, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, CS 34229, F-06304 
                         Nice, France. and ESA, ESTEC, RHEA, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ 
                         Noordwijk, Netherlands. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Teramo, Via 
                         Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy. and INAF, Osservatorio 
                         Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy. and Univ Coll 
                         London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.; 
                         Max Planck Inst Solar Syst Res, Justus Von Liebig Weg 3, D-37077 
                         Gottingen, Germany. and SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, 
                         Italy. and Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge 
                         CB3 OHA, England. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard 
                         Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Cambridge, Inst 
                         Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 OHA, England. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy. 
                         and Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 
                         Dresden, Germany. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, EQUERT Int, CNES, 18 
                         Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and UNED, Dpto 
                         Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain. and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and Univ Paris 
                         Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris 
                         Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and INAF, 
                         Osservatorio Astron Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino 
                         Torinese, Italy. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard 
                         Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Bonn, Argelander Inst 
                         Astron, Hugel 71, D-53121 Bonn, Germany. and Serco Gestion 
                         Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. 
                         and Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA 
                         Leiden, Netherlands.; ESO, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 
                         Garching, Germany. and Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, 
                         GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 
                         Meudon, France.; Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave 
                         Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Univ Lisbon, Fac 
                         Sci, Lab Opt Lasers \& Syst, Estr Paco Lumiar 22, P-1649038 
                         Lisbon, Portugal. and Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, 
                         CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, CNES, 18 
                         Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. 
                         and {} and Univ A Coruna, Fac Informat, Campus Elvina S-N, La 
                         Coruna 15071, Spain. and Univ Leicester, Dept Phys \& Astron, 
                         Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England. and Univ Barcelona, 
                         Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, 
                         Spain. and Serco Gestion Negocios, ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo 
                         S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and INAF, Osservatorio Astron Torino, 
                         Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy. and Univ 
                         Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti Franques 1, 
                         Barcelona 08028, Spain.; Notre Dame Univ, Dept Phys \& Astron, 
                         POB 72, Zouk Mikael, Lebanon. and Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math \& 
                         Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.; Univ Nova 
                         Gorica, Vipayska 13, Nova Gorica 5000, Slovenia. and Univ Paris 
                         Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris 
                         Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France. and Univ 
                         Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA 
                         Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France. and Univ Paris 
                         Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS, GEPI,PSL Res Univ,Sorbonne Paris 
                         Cite, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.; Max Planck Inst 
                         Extraterr Phys, OPINAS, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching, Germany. 
                         and Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, 
                         Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland. and European Space Astron 
                         Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain. and 
                         INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, 
                         Italy. and Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti 
                         Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain. and Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 
                         CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France. and ESA 
                         ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, 
                         Spain.; CALTECH, NASA IPAC Infrared Sci Arch, Mail Code 100-22,770 
                         South Wilson Ave, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA. and Royal Observ 
                         Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium. and Univ Bremen, 
                         Ctr Appl Space Technol \& Micrograv ZARM, Am Fallturm 1, D-28359 
                         Bremen, Germany.; ESA, ESOC, RHEA Syst, Robert Bosch Str 5, 
                         D-64293 Darmstadt, Germany. and Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 
                         17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany. and Hungarian Acad Sci, Res Ctr 
                         Astron \& Earth Sci, Konkoly Observ, Konkoly Thege Miklosut 
                         15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary. and Leibniz Inst Astrophys 
                         Potsdam AIP, An Der Stern warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany. and 
                         Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Juliane Manes Vej 30, DK-2100 
                         Copenhagen, Denmark. and Uppsala Univ, Div Astron \& Space Phys, 
                         Dept Phys \& Astron, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden. and Tartu 
                         Observ, EE-61602 Toravere, Estonia. and Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math 
                         \& Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.; Univ 
                         Sydney, Sch Phys A28, Sydney Inst Astron, Sydney, NSW 2006, 
                         Australia. and Acad Sci Czech Republ, Astron Inst, Fricova 298, 
                         Ondiejov 25165, Czech Republic.; Slovak Org Space Activ, Zamocka 
                         18, Bratislava 85101, Slovakia. and UPMC, Univ Paris 06, Observ 
                         Paris, IMCCE,PSL Res Univ,CNRS,Sorbonne Univ,Univ Lille, 77 Av 
                         Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France. and Ctr Spatial 
                         Toulouse, Thales Serv, CNES, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 
                         Toulouse 9, France. and Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, 
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                         Germany. and ASI Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, 
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                title = "Testing parallaxes with local Cepheids and RR Lyrae stars",
              journal = "Astronomy \& Astrophysics",
                 year = "2017",
               volume = "605",
                month = "Sep.",
             keywords = "astrometry, parallaxes, stars: distances, stars: variables: 
                         Cepheids, stars: variables: RR Lyrae, methods: data analysis.",
             abstract = "Context. Parallaxes for 331 classical Cepheids, 31 Type II 
                         Cepheids, and 364 RR Lyrae stars in common between Gaia and the 
                         HIPPARCOS and Tycho-2 catalogues are published in Gaia Data 
                         Release 1 (DR1) as part of the Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution 
                         (TGAS). Aims. In order to test these first parallax measurements 
                         of the primary standard candles of the cosmological distance 
                         ladder, which involve astrometry collected by Gaia during the 
                         initial 14 months of science operation, we compared them with 
                         literature estimates and derived new period-luminosity (PL), 
                         period-Wesenheit (PW) relations for classical and Type II Cepheids 
                         and infrared PL, PL-metallicity (PLZ), and optical 
                         luminosity-metallicity (MV-[Fe/H]) relations for the RR Lyrae 
                         stars, with zero points based on TGAS. Methods. Classical Cepheids 
                         were carefully selected in order to discard known or suspected 
                         binary systems. The final sample comprises 102 fundamental mode 
                         pulsators with periods ranging from 1.68 to 51.66 days (of which 
                         33 with sigma(omega)/omega < 0 : 5). The Type II Cepheids include 
                         a total of 26 W Virginis and BL Herculis stars spanning the period 
                         range from 1.16 to 30.00 days (of which only 7 with 
                         sigma(omega)/omega 0 : 5). The RR Lyrae stars include 200 sources 
                         with pulsation period ranging from 0.27 to 0.80 days (of which 112 
                         with sigma(omega)/omega < 0 : 5). The new relations were computed 
                         using multi- band (V; I; J; K-s) photometry and spectroscopic 
                         metal abundances available in the literature, and by applying 
                         three alternative approaches: (i) linear least-squares fitting of 
                         the absolute magnitudes inferred from direct transformation of the 
                         TGAS parallaxes; (ii) adopting astrometry-based luminosities; and 
                         (iii) using a Bayesian fitting approach. The last two methods work 
                         in parallax space where parallaxes are used directly, thus 
                         maintaining symmetrical errors and allowing negative parallaxes to 
                         be used. The TGAS-based PL; PW; PLZ, and MV [Fe/H] relations are 
                         discussed by comparing the distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud 
                         provided by different types of pulsating stars and alternative 
                         fitting methods. Results. Good agreement is found from direct 
                         comparison of the parallaxes of RR Lyrae stars for which both TGAS 
                         and HST measurements are available. Similarly, very good agreement 
                         is found between the TGAS values and the parallaxes inferred from 
                         the absolute magnitudes of Cepheids and RR Lyrae stars analysed 
                         with the Baade-Wesselink method. TGAS values also compare 
                         favourably with the parallaxes inferred by theoretical model 
                         fitting of the multi-band light curves for two of the three 
                         classical Cepheids and one RR Lyrae star, which were analysed with 
                         this technique in our samples. The K-band PL relations show the 
                         significant improvement of the TGAS parallaxes for Cepheids and RR 
                         Lyrae stars with respect to the HIPPARCOS measurements. This is 
                         particularly true for the RR Lyrae stars for which improvement in 
                         quality and statistics is impressive. Conclusions. TGAS parallaxes 
                         bring a significant added value to the previous HIPPARCOS 
                         estimates. The relations presented in this paper represent the 
                         first Gaia-calibrated relations and form a work-in-progress 
                         milestone report in the wait for Gaia-only parallaxes of which a 
                         first solution will become available with Gaia Data Release 2 
                         (DR2) in 2018.",
                  doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201629925",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201629925",
                 issn = "0004-6361 and 1432-0746",
                label = "isi 2017-11-06 
                         
                         ClementiniERMMGSPLMRSMAPBBVBBBBEJJKLLMPPRSSSVLWAACDHKLOGHHPPBCCCCAFGHJMMMNOPPRRSTTTEGCGLMAAABBBBBCCCCCDRTDDDFGGHHHHHHHHJJKKLMMMOPPPRRSSSSTRVAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCDDDDDCFLLMSDPDDDDDDDDDDDEEEBFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGHHHHHHHHHHHIIFJJJJKKKKKKKKKKBLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMNNNNOOOPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSTTTTTTTTTUUVEVLVVVVVVVVVWWWWWYZZZZAAAAAAABBBBBBBBBBBBBBBCCCCCDBTZDDDFFFFFGGGGGGGGHHIPJJJKKKKKKKKKLLLLMMMMMMMMNNOOOOOOOPPPPPPPPPPRRRRRRRSSSSSSSSSLTTTTTTVVVVVVWWWZZC:2017:TePaLo",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "clementini_gaia.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"
}


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