author = "Kalamandeen, Michelle and Gloor, Emanuel and Mitchard, Edward and 
                         Quincey, Duncan and Ziv, Guy and Spracklen, Dominick and 
                         Spracklen, Benedict and Adami, Marcos and Arag{\~a}o, Luiz 
                         Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de and Galbraith, David",
          affiliation = "{University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {University of 
                         Edinburgh} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and 
                         {University of Leeds} and {University of Leeds} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {University of Leeds}",
                title = "Pervasive rise of small-scale deforestation in Amazonia",
              journal = "Scientific Reports",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "8",
               number = "1",
                pages = "e1600",
                month = "dec.",
             abstract = "Understanding forest loss patterns in Amazonia, the Earth's 
                         largest rainforest region, is critical for effective forest 
                         conservation and management. Following the most detailed analysis 
                         to date, spanning the entire Amazon and extending over a 14-year 
                         period (2001-2014), we reveal significant shifts in deforestation 
                         dynamics of Amazonian forests. Firstly, hotspots of Amazonian 
                         forest loss are moving away from the southern Brazilian Amazon to 
                         Peru and Bolivia. Secondly, while the number of new large forest 
                         clearings (>50 ha) has declined significantly over time (46%), the 
                         number of new small clearings (<1 ha) increased by 34% between 
                         2001-2007 and 2008-2014. Thirdly, we find that small-scale 
                         low-density forest loss expanded markedly in geographical extent 
                         during 2008-2014. This shift presents an important and alarming 
                         new challenge for forest conservation, despite reductions in 
                         overall deforestation rates.",
                  doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-19358-2",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19358-2",
                 issn = "2045-2322",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "kalamandeen_pervasive.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"