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@MastersThesis{Wanzeler:2018:PADuPe,
               author = "Wanzeler, Romero Thiago Sobrinho",
                title = "Per{\'{\i}}odos ativos e inativos da brisa nas regi{\~o}es do 
                         centro de lan{\c{c}}amento de Alc{\^a}ntara e de Bel{\'e}m - PA 
                         durante o per{\'{\i}}odo seco",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2018",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2018-03-07",
             keywords = "brisa mar{\'{\i}}tima, modelagem regional, WRF, downscaling 
                         din{\^a}mico, sea breeze, regional modeling, wrf, dynamical 
                         downscaling.",
             abstract = "O trabalho teve o objetivo de caracterizar os padr{\~o}es 
                         relacionados aos per{\'{\i}}odos ativos e inativos da brisa, em 
                         termos de vento e nebulosidade, para as regi{\~o}es de Bel{\'e}m 
                         - PA e do Centro de Lan{\c{c}}amento de Alc{\^a}ntara (CLA; 
                         Alc{\^a}ntara - MA) no trimestre SON (per{\'{\i}}odo menos 
                         chuvoso ou seco das regi{\~o}es). Foram abordados o ciclo 
                         di{\'a}rio m{\'e}dio da dire{\c{c}}{\~a}o e da velocidade do 
                         vento utilizando dados observados em Bel{\'e}m e no CLA, a 
                         evolu{\c{c}}{\~a}o diurna do campo de nebulosidade (frente de 
                         brisa) utilizando dados do sat{\'e}lite GOES no canal 
                         vis{\'{\i}}vel, os padr{\~o}es de circula{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         atmosf{\'e}rica em escala maior utilizando dados da 
                         rean{\'a}lise do ERA-Interim e a circula{\c{c}}{\~a}o local 
                         utilizando os resultados de downscaling din{\^a}mico com o modelo 
                         WRF. O ciclo di{\'a}rio do vento observado indicou a 
                         atua{\c{c}}{\~a}o local da brisa de ba{\'{\i}}a em Bel{\'e}m 
                         (a partir da ba{\'{\i}}a do Maraj{\'o} durante a tarde, e 
                         influenciando tamb{\'e}m a temperatura do ar e a umidade local) e 
                         no CLA (a partir da ba{\'{\i}}a de S{\~a}o Marcos durante a 
                         manh{\~a}), e da brisa costeira (mar{\'{\i}}tima durante o dia 
                         e terrestre durante a noite) em ambas as regi{\~o}es. Os dados da 
                         rean{\'a}lise representaram em geral a brisa costeira, e 
                         mostraram que ela envolve uma escala maior e est{\'a} associada 
                         ao posicionamento dos centros de diverg{\^e}ncia e 
                         converg{\^e}ncia localizados no oceano e/ou no continente. O 
                         downscaling din{\^a}mico com o modelo WRF representou bem o 
                         padr{\~a}o da brisa de ba{\'{\i}}a. A nebulosidade associada 
                         {\`a} brisa de ba{\'{\i}}a ficou bem caracterizada nas duas 
                         regi{\~o}es, por{\'e}m, em Bel{\'e}m, ocorre uma nebulosidade 
                         persistente, que n{\~a}o se caracteriza como uma frente de brisa. 
                         O padr{\~a}o de brisa costeira tamb{\'e}m foi notado 
                         observacionalmente para ambas as regi{\~o}es, a mar{\'{\i}}tima 
                         ocorrendo no per{\'{\i}}odo da manh{\~a} e a terrestre durante 
                         a noite. ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to characterize 
                         the patterns related to active and inactive periods of breeze, in 
                         terms of wind and cloudiness, for Bel{\'e}m - PA and the 
                         Alc{\^a}ntara Launch Center (CLA; Alc{\^a}ntara - MA) in the SON 
                         quarter (less rainy or dry periods of the regions). The average 
                         daily cycle of the wind direction and speed were obtained using 
                         the observed data from Bel{\'e}m and CLA; the daytime evolution 
                         of cloudiness (breeze front) from the GOES satellite data in the 
                         visible channel; the atmospheric large scale circulation patterns 
                         from the ERA-Interim reanalysis; and the local circulation, from 
                         the dynamic downscaling results with the WRF model. The observed 
                         daily cycle of the wind indicated the occurrence of bay breeze in 
                         Bel{\'e}m (from the Maraj{\'o} bay during the afternoon, and 
                         also affecting the air temperature and humidity) and CLA (from 
                         S{\~a}o Marcos bay during the morning), and coastal breeze (sea 
                         breeze during day and land breeze at night) in both regions. The 
                         reanalysis data generally represented the coastal breeze, and 
                         showed that it is related to larger scales and results from the 
                         positioning of centers of divergence and convergence over the 
                         ocean and/or the continent. Dynamic downscaling with the WRF model 
                         did represent the bay breeze pattern. The cloudiness associated 
                         with bay breeze was well characterized in the two regions, but 
                         over Bel{\'e}m there is a persistent cloudiness, which is not 
                         characterized as breeze front. The coastal breeze pattern was also 
                         found observationally in both regions, the sea breeze occurring in 
                         the morning and the land breeze at night.",
            committee = "Fisch, Gilberto Fernando (presidente) and Oyama, Marcos Daisuke 
                         (orientador) and Souza, Dayana Castilho de and Mota, Maria Aurora 
                         Santos da",
         englishtitle = "Active and inactive periods of breeze in the regions of Belem-PA 
                         and Alcantara launch center during dry season",
             language = "pt",
                pages = "137",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3QGKFLB",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP3W34P/3QGKFLB",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 nov. 2020"
}


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