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@Article{AragăoAFRVWSSAABBDDGGMMMPS:2018:21CeDr,
               author = "Arag{\~a}o, Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de and Anderson, Liana 
                         O. and Fonseca, Marisa G. and Rosan, Thais Michele and Vedovato, 
                         Laura Barbosa and Wagner, Fabien Hubert and Silva, Camila 
                         Val{\'e}ria de Jesus and Silva J{\'u}nior, Celso Henrique Leite 
                         and Arai, Egidio and Aguiar, Ana Paula Dutra de and Barlow, Jos 
                         and Berenguer, Erika and Deeter, Merritt N. and Domingues, Lucas 
                         Gatti and Gatti, Luciana Vanni and Gloor, Manuel and Malhi, 
                         Yadvinder and Marengo, Jos{\'e} A. and Miller, John B. and 
                         Phillips, Oliver L. and Saatchi, Sassan",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Centro 
                         Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais 
                         (CEMADEN)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} 
                         and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and 
                         {Lancaster University} and {University of Oxford} and 8National 
                         Center for Atmospheric Research, Atmospheric Chemistry and 
                         Observations Laboratory and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)} and {University of Leeds} and {University of Oxford} and 
                         {Centro Nacional de Monitoramento e Alertas de Desastres Naturais 
                         (CEMADEN)} and NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory/Global 
                         Monitoring Division, and Cooperative Institute for Research in 
                         Environmental Science (CIRES) and {University of Leeds} and Jet 
                         Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology",
                title = "21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of 
                         Amazon deforestation carbon emissions",
              journal = "Nature Communications",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "9",
               number = "1",
                pages = "e536",
                month = "Dec.",
             abstract = "Tropical carbon emissions are largely derived from direct forest 
                         clearing processes. Yet, emissions from drought-induced forest 
                         fires are, usually, not included in national-level carbon emission 
                         inventories. Here we examine Brazilian Amazon drought impacts on 
                         fire incidence and associated forest fire carbon emissions over 
                         the period 20032015. We show that despite a 76% decline in 
                         deforestation rates over the past 13 years, fire incidence 
                         increased by 36% during the 2015 drought compared to the preceding 
                         12 years. The 2015 drought had the largest ever ratio of active 
                         fire counts to deforestation, with active fires occurring over an 
                         area of 799,293 km2. Gross emissions from forest fires (989 ± 504 
                         Tg CO2 year\−1 ) alone are more than half as great as those 
                         from old-growth forest deforestation during drought years. We 
                         conclude that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting 
                         and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest 
                         fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process.",
                  doi = "10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y",
                 issn = "2041-1723",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "aragao_21st.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "24 nov. 2020"
}


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