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@Article{SousasantosSobKheSabCam:2018:ReIoPl,
               author = "Sousasantos, Jonas and Sobral, Jos{\'e} Humberto Andrade and 
                         Kherani, Esfhan Alam and Saba, Marcelo Magalh{\~a}es Fares and 
                         Campo, Diovane Rodolfo de",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto 
                         Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais 
                         (INPE)}",
                title = "Relationship between ionospheric plasma bubble occurrence and 
                         lightning strikes over the Amazon region",
              journal = "Annales Geophysicae",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "36",
               number = "2",
                pages = "349--360",
                month = "Mar.",
             keywords = "Ionosphere (equatorial ionosphere).",
             abstract = "The vertical coupling between the troposphere and the ionosphere 
                         presents some remarkable features. Under intense tropospheric 
                         convection, gravity waves may be generated, and once they reach 
                         the ionosphere, these waves may seed instabilities and spread F 
                         and equatorial plasma bubble events may take place. Additionally, 
                         there is a close association between severe tropospheric 
                         convection and lightning strikes. In this work an investigation 
                         covering an equinox period (September-October) during the deep 
                         solar minimum (2009) presents the relation between lightning 
                         strike activity and spread F (equatorial plasma bubble) detected 
                         over a low-latitude Brazilian region. The results show a 
                         considerable correlation between these two phenomena. The common 
                         element in the center of this conformity seems to be the gravity 
                         waves. Once gravity waves and lightning strikes share the same 
                         source (intense tropospheric convection) and the effects of such 
                         gravity waves in the ionosphere include the seeding of 
                         instabilities according to the gravity waves magnitude, the 
                         monitoring of the lightning strike activity seems to offer some 
                         information about the subsequent development of spread F over the 
                         equatorial region.",
                  doi = "10.5194/angeo-36-349-2018",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/angeo-36-349-2018",
                 issn = "0992-7689",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "sousasantos_relationship.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "02 dez. 2020"
}


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