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@PhDThesis{Araujo:2018:InVaHi,
               author = "Araujo, Ana Gabriela de Jesus",
                title = "Influ{\^e}ncia da variabilidade hidrometeorol{\'o}gica sobre as 
                         l{\'o}gicas territoriais da pecu{\'a}ria no Pantanal, Mato 
                         Grosso do Sul, Brasil",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2018",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2018-05-17",
             keywords = "pecu{\'a}ria bovina de corte, Pantanal, variabilidade, 
                         hidrologia, l{\'o}gicas territoriais, Pantanal livestock, 
                         hydrometeorological variability, territorial logics.",
             abstract = "A bovinocultura de corte do Pantanal de Mato Grosso do Sul se 
                         destaca na cria de bezerros que abastecem a cadeia produtiva da 
                         carne. A cria{\c{c}}{\~a}o se sujeita {\`a}s 
                         inunda{\c{c}}{\~o}es sazonais naturais da plan{\'{\i}}cie e 
                         recentemente vem sendo pontuada por novas formas de 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o, que revelam l{\'o}gicas mais intensivas no 
                         manejo animal e da terra. Por ser extensiva, a atividade tem por 
                         caracter{\'{\i}}stica o deslocamento frequente do gado de acordo 
                         com a disponibilidade dos pastos nativos. Assim, eventos de cheias 
                         e secas severas implicam em riscos e custos de 
                         produ{\c{c}}{\~a}o e comercializa{\c{c}}{\~a}o. De forma 
                         geral, os estudos da pecu{\'a}ria regional se centram em 
                         an{\'a}lises de escalas politicoadministrativas ou de recortes 
                         ambientais que n{\~a}o contemplam as diferen{\c{c}}as e 
                         complementaridades intra regionais. Na perspectiva do planejamento 
                         territorial, surge a necessidade de se encontrar instrumentos e 
                         m{\'e}todos ajustados {\`a}s diferentes escalas - para al{\'e}m 
                         do Pantanal Sul como regi{\~a}o homog{\^e}nea ou encobrir as 
                         diferen{\c{c}}as entre terras baixas e planalto de borda desses 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios. O objetivo desta tese abordou a 
                         integra{\c{c}}{\~a}o entre a dimens{\~a}o hidrol{\'o}gica do 
                         espa{\c{c}}o das {\'a}guas ritmado pelo pulso das 
                         inunda{\c{c}}{\~o}es anuais e a dimens{\~a}o produtiva dos 
                         territ{\'o}rios da bovinocultura. Para isso, foi necess{\'a}rio 
                         investigar o comportamento espa{\c{c}}o-temporal da 
                         hidrometeorologia entre 1974 e 2012 e a identifica{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         dos diferentes sistemas t{\'e}cnicos que atuam no Pantanal Sul e 
                         interagem com a paisagem. Foram produzidas e analisadas as 
                         climatologias e tend{\^e}ncias da precipita{\c{c}}{\~a}o e 
                         n{\'{\i}}veis fluviais da regi{\~a}o, nas escalas anual e 
                         sazonal (meses {\'u}midos/secos). Os resultados da din{\^a}mica 
                         hidrol{\'o}gica apontaram dois padr{\~o}es de comportamento 
                         quase decenal opostos (oeste/norte e leste) e padr{\~o}es 
                         espec{\'{\i}}ficos de variabilidade interanual, com 
                         ocorr{\^e}ncia de anomalias de n{\'{\i}}veis fluviais e alguma 
                         rela{\c{c}}{\~a}o com eventos intensos do fen{\^o}meno 
                         clim{\'a}tico El Niņo Oscila{\c{c}}{\~a}o Sul e com a 
                         Oscila{\c{c}}{\~a}o Decenal do Pac{\'{\i}}fico. A 
                         caracteriza{\c{c}}{\~a}o da dimens{\~a}o produtiva teve como 
                         m{\'e}trica uma tipologia de sistemas produtivos baseada no 
                         m{\'e}todo de {\'a}rvore de decis{\~o}es, elaborada a partir de 
                         dados socioecon{\^o}micos com diferentes escalas (sub-regionais 
                         plan{\'{\i}}cies/planaltos e propriedades rurais) tendo como 
                         unidade integradora a vari{\'a}vel de uso da terra pasto, a qual 
                         permitiu a espacializa{\c{c}}{\~a}o dos sistemas: tradicional, 
                         tradicional com inova{\c{c}}{\~o}es, n{\~a}o tradicional com 
                         inova{\c{c}}{\~o}es e rupturas e n{\~a}o tradicional com 
                         intensifica{\c{c}}{\~a}o no n{\'{\i}}vel das propriedades 
                         rurais e de sub-regi{\~o}es com essas tend{\^e}ncias produtivas. 
                         Contribuindo com um olhar sobre quest{\~o}es da cartografia 
                         n{\^o}made da bovinocultura organizada em territ{\'o}rio-rede, 
                         foram mapeadas diferentes formas de apropria{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         territoriais, cont{\'{\i}}nuas e descont{\'{\i}}nuas, 
                         permanentes e tempor{\'a}rias. Este car{\'a}ter da mobilidade 
                         rural foi analisado de forma integrada aos eventos 
                         hidrometeorol{\'o}gicos severos e demonstrou a influ{\^e}ncia, 
                         principalmente das cheias, sobre o manejo da atividade. ABSTRACT: 
                         Calf breeding is the most important factor in beef cattle 
                         production in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul. New forms of 
                         production with more intensive logics in animal and land 
                         management has been reveled recently. The breeding affected by 
                         natural seasonal floods of the plain and has characteristic of the 
                         frequent displacement of cattle, according to the availability of 
                         the native pastures. Thus, events of severe floods and droughts 
                         imply risks and increase costs of production and 
                         commercialization. In general, regional livestock studies focus on 
                         analyzes of political-administrative scales or environmental cuts 
                         that do not address intra-regional differences and 
                         complementarities. From the perspective of territorial planning, 
                         there is a need to find instruments and methods adjusted to the 
                         different scales, covering up the differences between lowland and 
                         upland edge of municipalities, as well as South Pantanal 
                         homogeneous region. The objective of this thesis was the 
                         integration between the hydrological dimension of the water land, 
                         which is influenced by the pulse of the annual floods and the 
                         productive dimension of the of cattle territories. For this, it 
                         was necessary to investigate the spatio-temporal behavior of 
                         hydrometeorology between 1974 and 2012, and the identification of 
                         the different technical systems that operate in the Pantanal Sul 
                         and interact with the landscape. Climatologies and precipitation 
                         trends and fluvial levels of the region, are produced in the 
                         annual and seasonal scales (wet/dry) and presented here. The 
                         results of the hydrological dynamics showed two patterns of almost 
                         opposite decenal behavior (west / north and east) and specific 
                         patterns of inter annual variability, with occurrence of fluvial 
                         level anomalies and possible relation with intense events such as 
                         El Niņo Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decenal Oscillation. The 
                         productive dimension characterization was based on a typology of 
                         productive systems based on the decision tree method elaborated 
                         from socioeconomic data with different scales (municipalities, 
                         sub-regional plains/plateus and rural properties), having as 
                         integrating unit the pasture land use variable, which allowed the 
                         spatialisation of the systems on traditional, traditional with 
                         innovations, non-traditional with innovations and ruptures, and 
                         non-traditional with intensification at the level of rural 
                         properties and subregions with these productive trends. Different 
                         territorial forms were mapped: territory of appropriation, 
                         continuous and discontinuous, permanent and temporary territory. 
                         This character of rural mobility has been analyzed in an 
                         integrated way with severe hydrometeorological events and it 
                         demonstrated and demonstrated the influence, especially of the 
                         floods, on the management of the beef catle.",
            committee = "Escada, Maria Isabel Sobral (presidente) and Oliveira, Gilvan 
                         Sampaio de (orientador) and Monteiro, Ant{\^o}nio Miguel Viera 
                         (orientador) and Silva, Jo{\~a}o dos Santos Vila da and Padovani, 
                         Carlos Roberto",
         englishtitle = "Influence of hydrometerological variability on the territorial 
                         logics of livestock in Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil",
             language = "pt",
                pages = "243",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP3W34R/3R67B9P",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP3W34R/3R67B9P",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "05 dez. 2020"
}


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