author = "Nolasco, Camille Lanzarotti",
          affiliation = "{Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Food security indexes as a basis for adapting food systems: 
                         comparing methodologies that help achieve the of sustainable 
                 year = "2018",
         organization = "Adaptation Futures: International Climate Change Adaptation 
                         Conference, 5.",
             abstract = "Food not only provides dietary energy; it is also the source of 
                         many different nutrients that play important roles in human growth 
                         and development, as well as disease prevention and longevity.The 
                         Sustainable Development Goal to End hunger, achieve food security 
                         and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture (SDG2) 
                         recognizes the inter linkages among supporting sustainable 
                         agriculture, empowering small farmers, promoting gender equality, 
                         ending rural poverty, ensuring healthy lifestyles, tackling 
                         climate change, and other issues addressed within the set of 17 
                         Sustainable Development Goals in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. 
                         Some methodologies are being developed to help governments on 
                         planning and actions to achieve this objective. One of them is the 
                         Global Food Security Index (GFSI) developed by the Intelligence 
                         Unit from The Economist. The GFSI is an index which considers the 
                         core issues of affordability, availability, and quality across a 
                         set of 113 countries. The index is a dynamic quantitative and 
                         qualitative benchmarking model, constructed from 28 unique 
                         indicators, that measures these drivers of food security across 
                         both developing and developed countries. This index examines food 
                         security comprehensively across three internationally established 
                         dimensions, looking beyond hunger to the underlying factors 
                         affecting food insecurity. In 2017, index includes an adjustment 
                         factor on natural resources and resilience, assessesing a 
                         country's exposure to the impacts of a changing climate; its 
                         susceptibility to natural resource risks; and how the country is 
                         adapting to these risks. Our main goal was to compare the 
                         methodology used in the development of the Global Food Security 
                         Index with the methodology of the Baromether of Sustainability. 
                         The Barometer of Sustainability is a methodological tool to 
                         measure development and wellbeing of a society. Human and 
                         ecosystem indicators are aggregated in thematic and dimensional 
                         indices. Subsequently performance scales are generated for each 
                         indicator, allowing the identification of vulnerabilities.Using 
                         the same indicators used in the GFSI, adjusted into a performance 
                         scale based on specialized scientific literature and data in 
                         Brazil we then compare our results with the GFSI. The differences 
                         found between the indices created by the two methodologies 
                         addressed in this study indicate that the inclusion of more 
                         in-depth knowledge of the local dynamics can generate 
                         significative differences between indexes. This might impact 
                         differently the formulation of public policies geared to the 
                         adaptation of each country to the changes in progress. In this 
                         sense, a more inclusive discussion with actors and stakeholders is 
                         necessary so that locally adapted performance scales be created 
                         for the formulation of indices more faithful to a possible 
                         adaptation of food systems in each country or region.",
  conference-location = "Cape Town, South Africa",
      conference-year = "18-21 June",
             language = "en",
        urlaccessdate = "25 jul. 2021"