author = "Ribeiro, Bruno R. and Sales, Lilian P. and Loyola, Rafael",
          affiliation = "{Universidade Federal de Goi{\'a}s (UFG)} and {Universidade 
                         Federal de Goi{\'a}s (UFG)} and {Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas 
                         Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Strategies for mammal conservation under climate change 
                         in the Amazon",
              journal = "Biodiversity and Conservation",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "27",
               number = "8",
                pages = "1943--1959",
                month = "July",
             keywords = "Climate change adaptation, Climate vulnerability, Global changes, 
                         Spatial conservation planning, Refugia, Threatened species.",
             abstract = "Climate change is not only a major threat to biodiversity, it is 
                         also a big challenge to the development of conservation 
                         strategies. Scientists and practitioners need to select or avoid 
                         areas at greatest risk for species protection, i.e., acting in a 
                         proactive or a reactive manner. This proactive/reactive dichotomy 
                         takes a particular formulation under the likely changes in 
                         climate. Selecting for low-risk areas (usually referred to as 
                         climate refugia) is supposed to protect more species with a 
                         greater guarantee of their long-term persistence. As a 
                         consequence, populations at greatest risk are left unprotected and 
                         probably committed to extinction. On the other hand, managing 
                         species in high-risk areas is more expensive than setting aside 
                         areas of climate refugia and encompasses a set of uncertainties, 
                         which makes highly-threatened species more costly and difficult to 
                         save. Here, we combine ecological niche models and metrics of 
                         climate change to develop spatial conservation schemes for mammals 
                         in the Brazilian Amazon. These schemes efficiently identify 
                         networks of high-risk and refugia priority areas within species 
                         current and future distributions, while complementing the 
                         protection already achieved by the Amazon's network of protected 
                         areas (PAs). We found that, on average, 25% of mammal distribution 
                         is already represented in the established network of PAs. Also, 
                         26% of high-risk and 17% of refugia priority areas overlap with 
                         indigenous lands. In addition, species distributions were found 
                         mostly in high-risk, compared to in refugia priority areas. We 
                         highlight that the strategy to be employed does not necessarily 
                         should be binary and a mix of both strategies would guarantee the 
                         protection of a larger number of species.",
                  doi = "10.1007/s10531-018-1518-x",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1518-x",
                 issn = "0960-3115",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "ribeiro_strategies.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "13 jun. 2021"