author = "Zacarias, Daniel and Loyola, Rafael",
          affiliation = "{Unversidade Federal de Goi{\'a}s (UFG)} and {Instituto Nacional 
                         de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "Distribution modelling and multi-scale landscape connectivity 
                         highlight important areas for the conservation of savannah 
              journal = "Biological Conservation",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "224",
                pages = "1--8",
                month = "Aug.",
             keywords = "Loxodonta africana, Climate change, Ecological niche models, Niche 
                         overlap, Range dynamics, Threatened species.",
             abstract = "Habitat connectivity is the milestone towards species' long-term 
                         persistence, especially considering impacts of climate change and 
                         human activities. Here, we examined the potential implications of 
                         climate change and human pressure on connectivity among habitat 
                         patches, aiming to identify priority areas and potential corridors 
                         for elephant conservation. We used an ensemble modelling approach 
                         to evaluate the potential climatic distribution of the savannah 
                         elephants Loxodonta africana through time. We considered different 
                         climatic scenarios and used current potential climatic suitability 
                         and human pressure to evaluate habitat quality for the species. In 
                         addition, we used habitat quality and the centroids of elephant 
                         patches to evaluate habitat connectivity considering four 
                         progressive dispersal distances (100\ km, 200\ km, 
                         300\ km, 400\ km). Elephant response to climate 
                         change has been conservative through time with overall slight 
                         improvement in climatic suitability in southern and eastern Africa 
                         and reduction in western Africa and northern portions of central 
                         Africa. Habitat quality followed the distribution of currently 
                         suitable areas for the species. We found three major areas with 
                         high density of least-cost paths in southern, eastern and western 
                         Africa, identifying them as potential areas for increasing the 
                         connectivity of elephant populations.",
                  doi = "10.1016/j.biocon.2018.05.014",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.05.014",
                 issn = "0006-3207",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "zacarias_distribution.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "25 jul. 2021"