author = "Wang, Die and Giangrande, Scott E. and Bartholomew, Mary Jane and 
                         Hardin, Joseph and Feng, Zhe and Thalman, Ryan and Machado, Luiz 
                         Augusto Toledo",
          affiliation = "{Brookhaven National Laboratory} and {Brookhaven National 
                         Laboratory} and {Brookhaven National Laboratory} and {Pacific 
                         Northwest National Laboratory} and {Pacific Northwest National 
                         Laboratory} and {Snow College} and {Instituto Nacional de 
                         Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)}",
                title = "The Green Ocean: precipitation insights from the GoAmazon2014/5 
              journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
                 year = "2018",
               volume = "18",
               number = "12",
                pages = "9121--9145",
                month = "June",
             abstract = "This study summarizes the precipitation properties collected 
                         during the GoAmazon2014/5 campaign near Manaus in central 
                         Amazonia, Brazil. Precipitation breakdowns, summary radar rainfall 
                         relationships and self-consistency concepts from a coupled 
                         disdrometer and radar wind profiler measurements are presented. 
                         The properties of Amazon cumulus and associated stratiform 
                         precipitation are discussed, including segregations according to 
                         seasonal (wet or dry regime) variability, cloud echo-top height 
                         and possible aerosol influences on the apparent oceanic 
                         characteristics of the precipitation drop size distributions. 
                         Overall, we observe that the Amazon precipitation straddles 
                         behaviors found during previous U.S. Department of Energy 
                         Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program tropical 
                         deployments, with distributions favoring higher concentrations of 
                         smaller drops than ARM continental examples. Oceanic-type 
                         precipitation characteristics are predominantly observed during 
                         the Amazon wet seasons. An exploration of the controls on wet 
                         season precipitation properties reveals that wind direction, 
                         compared with other standard radiosonde thermodynamic parameters 
                         or aerosol count/regime classifications performed at the ARM site, 
                         provides a good indicator for those wet season Amazon events 
                         having an oceanic character for their precipitation drop size 
                  doi = "10.5194/acp-18-9121-2018",
                  url = "http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-9121-2018",
                 issn = "1680-7316 and 1680-7324",
             language = "en",
           targetfile = "wang_green.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"