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@MastersThesis{Ribeiro:2018:DiAtUr,
               author = "Ribeiro, Renata Maciel",
                title = "Revisitando a {"}floresta urbanizada{"}: as din{\^a}micas atuais 
                         de urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o e convers{\~a}o florestal na 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia Paraense",
               school = "Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)",
                 year = "2018",
              address = "S{\~a}o Jos{\'e} dos Campos",
                month = "2018-08-24",
             keywords = "amaz{\^o}nia, urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o, desmatamento, Par{\'a}, 
                         padr{\~o}es espa{\c{c}}o-temporais, Amazon, urbanization, 
                         deforestation, Par{\'a}, spatial-temporal patterns.",
             abstract = "Na Amaz{\^o}nia Brasileira, as din{\^a}micas de 
                         urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o e convers{\~a}o florestal possuem 
                         l{\'o}gicas complexas, dependentes de processos e agentes 
                         operando em diferentes escalas, e suas rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         causais, apesar de apontadas na literatura, n{\~a}o podem ser 
                         diretamente estabelecidas. Assim, abordagens metodol{\'o}gicas 
                         que envolvam escalas espaciais distintas s{\~a}o essenciais para 
                         apreender e representar estas din{\^a}micas. Este trabalho 
                         explora a evolu{\c{c}}{\~a}o espacial e temporal da 
                         urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o e da convers{\~a}o florestal na 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia, considerando os elementos observ{\'a}veis e 
                         mensur{\'a}veis destes processos: a expans{\~a}o urbana, como a 
                         dimens{\~a}o observ{\'a}vel dos processos de 
                         urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o em curso, e o desmatamento, como uma 
                         medida dos processos de convers{\~a}o florestal. O estudo {\'e} 
                         conduzido para dois n{\'{\i}}veis territoriais: Amaz{\^o}nia 
                         Legal e estado do Par{\'a}, e para tr{\^e}s escalas espaciais, 
                         de acordo com suas unidades de an{\'a}lise: (i) os estados da 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia Legal, (ii) os munic{\'{\i}}pios do Par{\'a}, e 
                         (iii) uma grade de c{\'e}lulas regulares para o estado do 
                         Par{\'a}. Esta abordagem multin{\'{\i}}vel e multiescala foi 
                         realizada em tr{\^e}s etapas. Na primeira etapa, obteve-se uma 
                         tipologia das rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es entre urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o e 
                         cobertura Florestal a partir dos padr{\~o}es 
                         espa{\c{c}}o-temporais das tend{\^e}ncias de 
                         evolu{\c{c}}{\~a}o do grau de urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o 
                         (popula{\c{c}}{\~a}o urbana) e incremento do desmatamento, tanto 
                         para os estados da Amaz{\^o}nia Legal quanto para os 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios do Par{\'a}. Na segunda etapa, as 
                         rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es entre expans{\~a}o urbana e desmatamento 
                         para o estado do Par{\'a} foram exploradas atrav{\'e}s do uso de 
                         Regress{\~o}es Geograficamente Ponderadas (GWR), para duas 
                         unidades espaciais de an{\'a}lise: os limites poligonais 
                         municipais e as c{\'e}lulas de 20x20km. Os resultados dos 
                         par{\^a}metros das regress{\~o}es classificaram grupos de 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios e grupos de c{\'e}lulas com comportamento 
                         espa{\c{c}}o-temporal similares. Na terceira etapa, os 
                         padr{\~o}es de associa{\c{c}}{\~a}o espacial da 
                         rela{\c{c}}{\~a}o entre desmatamento e expans{\~a}o urbana 
                         foram explorados a partir da base metodol{\'o}gica proposta pela 
                         Curva Ambiental de Kuznets (EKC). Tomando-se o desenvolvimento 
                         socioecon{\^o}mico como dimens{\~a}o de an{\'a}lise, os 
                         munic{\'{\i}}pios do estado do Par{\'a} apresentaram diferentes 
                         formatos da curva EKC. Os resultados de todas as etapas 
                         evidenciaram a complexidade das rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es entre os 
                         processos de convers{\~a}o florestal e urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o na 
                         Amaz{\^o}nia, e a variabilidade das rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es 
                         considerando diferentes escalas espaciais. Cada recorte 
                         espa{\c{c}}o-temporal e as abordagens metodol{\'o}gicas 
                         aportaram diferentes elementos objetivos que evidenciam a 
                         dificuldade de se estabelecer rela{\c{c}}{\~o}es gerais e 
                         diretas, ou conclusivas quanto {\`a} coocorr{\^e}ncia, ou 
                         concord{\^a}ncia, dos processos de urbaniza{\c{c}}{\~a}o e da 
                         convers{\~a}o florestal. Este estudo contribui com 
                         informa{\c{c}}{\~o}es derivadas de partes mensur{\'a}veis de 
                         processos complexos, para que a agenda sobre modelos de 
                         desenvolvimento regional retome o componente urbano como elemento 
                         essencial para se pensar em um bioma Amaz{\^o}nico socialmente 
                         justo e ambientalmente respons{\'a}vel. ABSTRACT: In the 
                         Brazilian Amazon, the dynamics of urbanization and forest 
                         conversion have complex logics that are dependent on processes and 
                         agents operating at different scales, and their causal 
                         relationships, although underlined in the literature, cannot be 
                         directly established. Therefore, methodological approaches 
                         involving distinct spatial scales are essential to understand and 
                         represent those dynamics and their relationships. This work 
                         explores the spatial and temporal evolution of urbanization and 
                         tropical forest in the Amazon considering the observable and 
                         measurable elements present in these processes: urban expansion, 
                         as the observable dimension of ongoing urbanization processes; and 
                         deforestation, as a measure of forest conversion processes. The 
                         study was carried out at two territorial levels: Legal Amazon and 
                         state of Par{\'a}, and at three spatial scales according to its 
                         analytical spatial units: (i) the states of the Legal Amazon, (ii) 
                         the municipalities of Par{\'a}, and (iii) a regular grid for the 
                         state of Par{\'a} as a non-politicaladministrative territory. 
                         This multilevel and multiscale approach was performed in three 
                         stages. In the first stage, a typology of the relationships 
                         between urbanization and forest cover was obtained from the trends 
                         analysis of the spatio-temporal patterns, observed from the degree 
                         of urbanization (population) and deforestation increase, both for 
                         the states of the Legal Amazon and for the municipalities of 
                         Par{\'a}. In the second stage, spatial relationships between 
                         urban expansion and deforestation for the state of Par{\'a} were 
                         explored by Geographically Weighted Regressions (GWR) modeling, 
                         considering two spatial analysis units: the municipal polygonal 
                         boundaries and the cells of a 20x20km regular grid. Results of the 
                         regression parameters classified groups of municipalities and 
                         groups of cells with similar spatio-temporal behavior. In the 
                         third stage, patterns of spatial association of the relationship 
                         between deforestation and urban expansion were analyzed by the 
                         Kuznets Environmental Curve (EKC) approach. Taking socioeconomic 
                         development as the analysis dimension, the municipalities of the 
                         state of Par{\'a} presented different formats for the EKC curve. 
                         Results of all stages provided evidences about the complexity of 
                         the relations between the processes of forest conversion and 
                         urbanization in the Amazon, and the relationships were variable 
                         along different spatial scales. Each spatial-temporal and 
                         methodological approach brought different objective elements that 
                         demonstrate the difficulty of establishing general and direct 
                         relations, or conclusive ones, regarding the co-occurrence, or 
                         agreement, of the urbanization and the forest conversion 
                         processes. This study contributes ultimately with information 
                         derived from measurable parts of complex processes, so that the 
                         agenda on regional development models can xiv resume the urban 
                         component as an essential element to plan an Amazon biome that is 
                         at same time socially just and environmentally responsible.",
            committee = "Escada, Maria Isabel Sobral Escada (presidente) and Kampel, 
                         Silvana Amaral (orientadora) and Monteiro, Ant{\^o}nio Miguel 
                         Vieira (orientador) and Dal'Asta, Ana Paula and Pinho, Carolina 
                         Moutinho Duque de",
         englishtitle = "Revisiting {"}the amazon - an urbanized forest{"}: relations 
                         between the current dynamics of urbanization and Forest conversion 
                         in the Para State, Brazil.",
             language = "pt",
                pages = "124",
                  ibi = "8JMKD3MGP3W34R/3RNESLE",
                  url = "http://urlib.net/rep/8JMKD3MGP3W34R/3RNESLE",
           targetfile = "publicacao.pdf",
        urlaccessdate = "04 dez. 2020"
}


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